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Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance Reform: Providing for the Poor?

Daniel R. Hammond

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474420112
eISBN:
9781474460149
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Every day in the People's Republic of China tens of millions of people receive help from the state through the minimum livelihood guarantee (dibao). What began as a reform in the city of Shanghai in ... More


Welfare for Autocrats: How Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers

Jennifer Pan

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087425
eISBN:
9780190087463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087425.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

What are the costs of the Chinese regime’s fixation on quelling dissent in the name of political order, or “stability”? In Welfare for Autocrats, Jennifer Pan shows that China has reshaped its major ... More


Introduction

Daniel R. Hammond

in Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance Reform: Providing for the Poor?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474420112
eISBN:
9781474460149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter serves as an introduction for the reader. It will familiarise them with the topic of the Minimum Livelihood Guarantee (dibao) in China, the existing academic literature on the topic, the ... More


Historical Background to Dibao and the Question of Poverty in China

Daniel R. Hammond

in Politics and Policy in China’s Social Assistance Reform: Providing for the Poor?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474420112
eISBN:
9781474460149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter will provide readers with the historical background to developments in Chinese social assistance. The chapter starts by providing some context for the changes which occurred after 1992 ... More


Urban Dibao: Emergence and Transition to National Policy, 1992–1999

Daniel R. Hammond

in Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance Reform: Providing for the Poor?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474420112
eISBN:
9781474460149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

The chapter covers two analytical discussions. The first discusses the emergence and spread of the MLG from the early 1990s. Through analysis of the relationship between the Ministry of Civil ... More


Urban Dibao: The Resolution of Unwanted and Unintended Outcomes, 1999–2003

Daniel R. Hammond

in Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance Reform: Providing for the Poor?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474420112
eISBN:
9781474460149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter first highlights the problems faced by both central and local government in shaping dibao into the programme it was intended to be after the initial national roll out in 1997. The ... More


Rural Dibao: The Countryside and Fragmentation

Daniel R. Hammond

in Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance Reform: Providing for the Poor?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474420112
eISBN:
9781474460149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

In 2007 the Chinese government nationally implemented the rural dibao programme. The chapter argues that while the circumstances of rural dibao’s implementation were different from its urban ... More


Institutionalisation? Achieving Policy in a Fragmented State

Daniel R. Hammond

in Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance Reform: Providing for the Poor?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474420112
eISBN:
9781474460149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

The penultimate chapter argues that dibao is afflicted by institutionalisation issues common to other policies during the reform era. I use two cases from dibao to examine this lack of ... More


Conclusion

Daniel R. Hammond

in Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance Reform: Providing for the Poor?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474420112
eISBN:
9781474460149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

In the final chapter of the book I bring the different aspects of diabo’s development, implementation and consolidation explored in the preceding chapters together. First, I provide an explanation ... More


Introduction

Jennifer Pan

in Welfare for Autocrats: How Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087425
eISBN:
9780190087463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087425.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines the main argument and concepts of the book and introduces relevant literatures in Chinese politics, historical institutionalism, repression, surveillance, collective action, and ... More


Fixating on Political Order

Jennifer Pan

in Welfare for Autocrats: How Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087425
eISBN:
9780190087463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087425.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides background on the origins and evolution of Dibao, as well as basic information on the Dibao program and Dibao in the context of China’s other social welfare policies. The ... More


Reacting at the Threat of Disorder

Jennifer Pan

in Welfare for Autocrats: How Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087425
eISBN:
9780190087463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087425.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes an online field experiment conducted across 2,103 Chinese counties that establishes a causal linkage between the threat of disorder and government action in terms of ... More


Distributing Social Assistance to Preempt Disorder

Jennifer Pan

in Welfare for Autocrats: How Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087425
eISBN:
9780190087463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087425.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses how Dibao is funded and shows the dual logic of Dibao distribution using a combination of qualitative fieldwork and a survey of 100 neighborhoods. The chapter focuses on the ... More


Repressing with Social Assistance

Jennifer Pan

in Welfare for Autocrats: How Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087425
eISBN:
9780190087463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087425.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter shows how the distribution of Dibao to targeted populations enables repression—a concept the author calls repressive assistance, which she situates in the literature on repression and ... More


Triggering Backlash

Jennifer Pan

in Welfare for Autocrats: How Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087425
eISBN:
9780190087463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087425.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter captures the backlash—increased protests and lower legitimacy—triggered by prioritizing Dibao for targeted populations. The survey of 100 neighborhoods shows that when targeted ... More


Introduction

Qin Gao

in Welfare, Work, and Poverty: Social Assistance in China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190218133
eISBN:
9780190672966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190218133.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 1 introduces the Chinese case of welfare, work, and poverty in the global context. It provides an overview of China’s social assistance system, which centers around the Minimum Livelihood ... More


Background, Inception, and Development

Qin Gao

in Welfare, Work, and Poverty: Social Assistance in China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190218133
eISBN:
9780190672966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190218133.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 2 tracks the background, inception, and development stages of Dibao. Dibao has undergone significant expansions and has impacted the lives of millions of low-income families. The chapter ... More


Thresholds, Financing, and Beneficiaries

Qin Gao

in Welfare, Work, and Poverty: Social Assistance in China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190218133
eISBN:
9780190672966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190218133.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 3 uses administrative data to describe the patterns in Dibao thresholds, financing, and beneficiaries and discuss its decentralized implementation. The chapter reveals that both urban and ... More


Targeting Performance

Qin Gao

in Welfare, Work, and Poverty: Social Assistance in China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190218133
eISBN:
9780190672966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190218133.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapters 4 through 8 focus on the evaluation of Dibao’s effectiveness and its impact on various outcomes. Specifically, Chapter 4 examines Dibao’s targeting performance. The chapter documents the ... More


Anti-Poverty Effectiveness

Qin Gao

in Welfare, Work, and Poverty: Social Assistance in China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190218133
eISBN:
9780190672966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190218133.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 5 investigates Dibao’s anti-poverty effectiveness. The chapter shows that, based on various poverty lines and across urban and rural areas, Dibao’s anti-poverty effectiveness is limited and ... More


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