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Introduction

Melissa M. Terras

in Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

The texts from the Roman fort of Vindolanda are an unparalleled source of information regarding the Roman army for historians, linguists, palaeographers, and archaeologists. However, due to their ... More


Using Artificial Intelligence to Read the Vindolanda Texts

Melissa M. Terras and Dr Paul Robertson

in Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter describes the implementation of the artificial intelligence system which was developed to read the Vindolanda texts. An appropriate architecture, the GRAVA system (originally developed ... More


Results

Melissa M. Terras and Dr Paul Robertson

in Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the application of the GRAVA system to analyze various sets of test data to determine its effectiveness in producing the correct ‘reading’ of a text. Images of various sections ... More


Conclusion

Melissa M. Terras

in Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

This research has demonstrated that an MDL architecture such as the GRAVA system can be appropriated to generate possible solutions to interpretation problems, which span different semantic levels ... More


The Proper Name and the Definite Description Theories

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231195
eISBN:
9780191710810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231195.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines the Proper Name and Definite Description Theories. According to Quine and Tarski, quotations lack semantic structure (their position is often misleadingly called the “Proper ... More


Epilogue: “Appointments to Keep in the Past”

Thomas S. Davis

in The Extinct Scene: Late Modernism and Everyday Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231169424
eISBN:
9780231537889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169424.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In these closing pages I look at W.G. Sebald’s Austerlitz and consider the possible afterlife of the outward turn, of the prolonged existence of a technique after its period of emergence and ... More


Archival Authorities and New Technologies

Francis X. Blouin Jr. and William G. Rosenberg

in Processing the Past: Contesting Authorities in History and the Archives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740543
eISBN:
9780199894673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740543.003.0004
Subject:
History, Historiography, History of Ideas

While it is obvious that the development of new information technologies has revolutionized communication, their effect on archives has been complicated and in some ways quite problematic. This ... More


Coda: Butter Buyers

in On Demand: Writing for the Market in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804738569
eISBN:
9780804772907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804738569.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter considers William Harrison's Description, where he complains that middlemen are ruining local economies all over England, and suggests that Harrison is not simply the retrograde ... More


Edward William Lane 1801–1876: The Life of the Pioneering Egyptologist and Orientalist

Jason Thompson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774162879
eISBN:
9781617970214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162879.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Few Western scholars of the Middle East have exerted such profound influence as Edward William Lane. Lane's Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians (1836), which has never gone out ... More


Blind spots of narration? Ekphrasis and Laocoön digressions in the novel

Catriona MacLeod (ed.)

in Ekphrastic encounters: New interdisciplinary essays on literature and the visual arts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526125798
eISBN:
9781526141965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125798.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing’s Laocoön essay of 1766 has long been understood as a pivotal moment in the demarcation of the spatializing properties of the plastic arts versus the temporal or narrative ... More


Facing Nature

Hugh Epstein

in Hardy, Conrad and the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474449861
eISBN:
9781474477086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449861.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This two-part chapter initially places Hardy and Conrad within the context of later nineteenth-century scientific conceptions of ‘Nature’. Both writers are shown in their letters and essays as ... More


Description of Egypt

Jason Thompson

in Edward William Lane 1801–1876: The Life of the Pioneering Egyptologist and Orientalist

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774162879
eISBN:
9781617970214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162879.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Despite sore eyes and generally miserable health, Edward William Lane still wrote the first draft of his book in London during 1829. He stuck to his writing while almost entirely housebound by strict ... More


Manners and Costumes

Jason Thompson

in Edward William Lane 1801–1876: The Life of the Pioneering Egyptologist and Orientalist

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774162879
eISBN:
9781617970214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162879.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Private problems did not prevent Lane from working. He was indeed busy, for this was when he submitted the second draft of Description of Egypt to the publishing firm of John Murray. It was founded ... More


The Englishwoman in Egypt

Jason Thompson

in Edward William Lane 1801–1876: The Life of the Pioneering Egyptologist and Orientalist

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774162879
eISBN:
9781617970214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162879.003.0027
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Sophia developed into a skilled writer. She relied heavily on the Description of Egypt manuscript, copying six chapters, or letters, from it nearly verbatim and drawing extensively on it for another ... More


The Discovery of Ancient Egypt

Jason Thompson

in Wonderful Things: A History of Egyptology: 1: From Antiquity to 1881

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9789774165993
eISBN:
9781617976520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165993.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

With the advent of the Napoleonic Expedition to Egypt in 1798, Egypt came fully into European awareness. Although the expedition was primarily military and colonial in intent, and although it ... More


Buddhist Knowledge and Anachronism in Tibet

in The Holy Land Reborn: Pilgrimage and the Tibetan Reinvention of Buddhist India

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226356488
eISBN:
9780226356501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226356501.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Buddhist inhabitants of the Tibetan plateau have maintained religious contacts with India for more than a millennium, and for almost as long they have consistently defined India as the most important ... More


‘The Whole of This Coast Is Composed of Ruins’: Thomas Webster’s Fieldwork on the Isle of Wight

Noah Heringman

in Sciences of Antiquity: Romantic Antiquarianism, Natural History, and Knowledge Work

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199556915
eISBN:
9780191744990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556915.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Thomas Webster, the first ‘professional geologist’, published his earliest geological observations by commission in Sir Henry Englefield’s Description of the Isle of Wight (1816), a work concerned as ... More


Before the Beginning

Thomas Yarrow

in Architects: Portraits of a Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501738494
eISBN:
9781501738500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501738494.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

These sections introduce the structure and approach of the book. The ethnographic orientation is described as a commitment to explore the everyday practice of architecture, as architects experience ... More


4.3 Use of the Semantic Web in e-Research

Kieron O’Hara, Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, and Nigel Shadbolt

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

“Semantic Web” refers to a Web of linked data and has four key components: uniform resource identifiers (URIs), Resource Description Framework (RDF), ontologies, and Simple Protocol and RDF Query ... More


Chemical anisotropy

Robert E. Newnham

in Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198520757
eISBN:
9780191916601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198520757.003.0034
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Chemical anisotropy concerns the ways in which crystals grow or dissolve in different directions. It is an appropriate subject to end this book because it brings together the oldest and the newest ... More


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