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The Darwinian Conscience

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter retells the story of Darwin, the moral theorist. Although Charles Darwin himself neither used nor explicitly resisted the language of altruism, many others, from the 1870s to the ... More


Evolution and the Natural Order

Kimberly A. Hamlin

in From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights in Gilded Age America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226134611
eISBN:
9780226134758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134758.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

“Evolution and the Natural Order” introduces the key themes of the book, notably that evolutionary theory profoundly impacted ideas about gender and sex and that the American reception of Charles ... More


Writing the Descent: From Bird’s-Eye View to Masterful Breeder

Evelleen Richards

in Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 13 deals with Darwin’s final assembly of the components of sexual selection and human sexual and racial divergence into the Descent of Man. It is argued that the Descent was structured by ... More


Darwin’s Romantic Quest: Mind, Morals, and Emotions

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From the beginning of his theorizing, Darwin had human beings in mind. He sought to give an account of their, emotional repertoire, linguistic abilities, and high intelligence; he offered ingenious ... More


The Post-Descent Years: Sexual Selection in Crisis, Female Choice at Large

Evelleen Richards

in Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 14 explores the response to the Descent through Darwin’s late Victorian readership, not simply his scientific readers, but the wider reading public who variously adopted, adapted, or rejected ... More


Malthus or Mutualism?: Huxley, Kropotkin, and the Moral Meaning of Darwinism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In ‘The Struggle for Existence’ (1888) Huxley portrayed nature as a Malthusian gladiators arena in which only the strong survived. While this was the context from which humans had evolved, mankind ... More


The Battle for Beauty: Wallace versus Darwin

Evelleen Richards

in Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 12 picks up the history of sexual selection in the late 1860s as Darwin set about researching and writing the Descent of Man. It analyses Darwin’s prolonged dispute with Wallace over the ... More


From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights in Gilded Age America

Kimberly A. Hamlin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226134611
eISBN:
9780226134758
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134758.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From Eve to Evolution analyzes the U.S. reception of Charles Darwin through the lens of gender and provides the first full-length study of women’s responses to evolutionary theory. Raised on the ... More


Prophets, Classics and Philosopher Kings

Richard Symonds

in Oxford and Empire: The Last Lost Cause?

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203001
eISBN:
9780191675645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203001.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the influence of the University of Oxford in the kind of imperialism which developed in Britain during the late 19th century. It suggests that imperialism can be best understood ... More


The Air of Analysis: Resolution and Composition in Poe’s Sublime and Confessional Tales

Paul hurh

in American Terror: The Feeling of Thinking in Edwards, Poe, and Melville

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780804791144
eISBN:
9780804794510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804791144.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

The third chapter argues that the analytical method on display in Poe’s detective fiction is drawn from and influential in structuring the dynamics of terror in his confessional and sublime tales. My ... More


Working Women and Animal Mothers

Kimberly A. Hamlin

in From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights in Gilded Age America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226134611
eISBN:
9780226134758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134758.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter three analyzes how various thinkers applied evolutionary theory to turn-of-the-twentieth century debates about motherhood. Opponents of women’s advancement typically claimed that women’s ... More


Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Evelleen Richards

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book offers the first comprehensive history of the formulation of Darwin’s principle of sexual selection. It locates Darwin's sources and conceptual pathways in their social and cultural ... More


The Universality of Emotions?: Darwin’s The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872)

Bettina Bergo

in Anxiety: A Philosophical History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780197539712
eISBN:
9780197539743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197539712.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Having adopted Herbert Spencer’s evolutionary mechanism called survival of the fittest in Origin of Species (1859), Darwin turned his attentions to human societies and the remarkable turn entailed ... More


Development Matters

Evelleen Richards

in Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 9 introduces the crucial embryological understandings underpinning Darwin’s threefold analogue, sketches their political and social implications and shows their functioning in Darwin’s ... More


The Darwinian Theory

Michael Ruse

in Darwinism as Religion: What Literature Tells Us about Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190241025
eISBN:
9780190241056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241025.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Charles Robert Darwin published the Origin of Species in 1859 and then the follow-up book on our species, the Descent of Man, in 1871. He argued not just for the idea of evolution but also for a ... More


Darwinian Evolutionary Theory

Michael Ruse

in The Problem of War: Darwinism, Christianity, and their Battle to Understand Human Conflict

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190867577
eISBN:
9780190867607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867577.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Charles Robert Darwin, the English naturalist, published On the Origin of Species in 1859 and the follow-up work The Descent of Man in 1871. In these works, he argued for his theory of evolution ... More


Two Visions of War

Michael Ruse

in The Problem of War: Darwinism, Christianity, and their Battle to Understand Human Conflict

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190867577
eISBN:
9780190867607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867577.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Jesus apparently proscribed violence, which meant that—as was understood by early Christians—war is prohibited. As Christianity became the state religion, by focusing on our innate unhappy ... More


Beginning Again with Modernist Epic: Gertrude Stein’s The Making of Americans

Václav Paris

in The Evolutions of Modernist Epic

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198868217
eISBN:
9780191904738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198868217.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, Criticism/Theory

This chapter offers a revisionary account of the emergence of modernist epic through a detailed reading of Gertrude Stein’s The Making of Americans. In the late-nineteenth-century United States, the ... More


Darwinism After Darwin

Michael Ruse

in The Problem of War: Darwinism, Christianity, and their Battle to Understand Human Conflict

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190867577
eISBN:
9780190867607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867577.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the forty-plus years, from the time of the Descent in 1871 to the time of the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, people influenced by or responding to Darwin’s thinking wrote extensively on ... More


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