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On the Nature of Moral Ideals: Part I

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

A fundamentally important question for practical reasoning is how best to understand the goodness of outcomes and the nature of moral ideals: Is the Internal Aspects View correct, is the Essentially ... More


Personal Identity and Thought Experiments

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that judgments about far‐fetched thought experiments are not helpful in illuminating the concept of personal identity. This is because certain patterns of features that coincide ... More


Practical Reason

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by discussing the nature of self-interested reasons themselves, agreeing with Derek Parfit that what matters is not personal identity. It suggests that what matters to each of us ... More


The Self

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Each person tends to see himself or herself as a single conscious subject or self, with identity and continuity over time, and with no other or rival subject involved in the same brain. This chapter ... More


Procrastination and Personal Identity

Christine Tappolet

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What does the apparent lack of concern for one’s future, which is involved in many cases of procrastination, entail with respect to our conception of personal identity? One claim that is prominent in ... More


Appendix: Reductionism

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Thanks largely to the influence of Derek Parfit, the term ‘reductionism’ has entered into recent discussions of persons and their identity. Some theories are classed as reductionist, others as ... More


Value, Desire, and Quality of Life

Thomas Scanlon

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Scanlon questions the adequacy of desire as a measure of quality of life, arguing instead, for exploring an approach based on a critical scrutiny of a substantive list of elements that make human ... More


Personal Identity and Persisting as Many

Sara Weaver and John Turri

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198815259
eISBN:
9780191853012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815259.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers hypothesize that our concept of personal identity is partly constituted by the one-person-one-place rule, which states that a person can only be in one place at a time. This ... More


Exceptional Persons: On the Limits of Imaginary Cases

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

When should we trust our judgments about far‐fetched imaginary cases? This chapter argues that if the imaginary scenario is adduced to illuminate a concept structured around a set of necessary and ... More


The Asymmetry Problem: Death and Prenatal Nonexistence

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines further the question of why death is bad, but also discusses whether death is worse than prenatal non‐existence: the asymmetry thesis. This is Lucretius's question: if we are not much ... More


Symmetry Arguments

James Warren

in Facing Death: Epicurus and his Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199252893
eISBN:
9780191601408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252890.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

An examination of the second central Epicurean argument, to be found in Lucretius: death is not to be feared since it is relevantly like pre-natal non-existence and pre-natal non-existence is not a ... More


McTaggart on Love

Dennis McKerlie

in Underivative Duty: British Moral Philosophers from Sidgwick to Ewing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199577446
eISBN:
9780191725425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577446.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

McTaggart believes that love is an emotion directed towards another person that is completely independent of that person's qualities. The qualities may cause the love, but they do not provide reasons ... More


Survival and Identity

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Prompted by Derek Parfit's early work on personal identity, Lewis advances the view that persons are best regarded as suitably related aggregates of person‐stages. Parfit argues that what matters in ... More


Accounting for Asymmetry?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Offers a final proposal on the two questions of the question of why death is bad, and whether it is worse than prenatal non‐existence (the asymmetry thesis); it is concerned with whether there are ... More


THE IRRATIONALITY OF THE BIAS TOWARDS THE FUTURE

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the irrationality of the bias towards the future, i.e., the tendency to be more concerned about the future than the past, should be understood in roughly the same way as the ... More


Has Parfit’s Life Been Wasted? Some Reflections on Part Six of On What Matters

Larry S. Temkin

in Does Anything Really Matter?: Essays on Parfit on Objectivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199653836
eISBN:
9780191823916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653836.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter raises several concerns regarding Parfit’s view about meta-ethics in On What Matters. Section 2 argues that we should reject Parfit’s claim that normative facts have no causal impact on ... More


Exploring the Design Plan: Myself and My Past

Alvin Plantinga

in Warrant and Proper Function

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078640
eISBN:
9780199872213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078640.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the first two chapters of Warrant and Proper Function, I presented my account of warrant; in the next seven chapters, I provide an explanation of how my account works in the main areas of our ... More


What Matters About Metaethics?

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to Derek Parfit’s claim that if metaethical non-cognitivism or reductive realism turned out to be true, then his life would have been wasted. An argument is given that Parfit’s ... More


Past and Future: The Case for a Threshold Notion of Harm

LUKAS H. MEYER

in Rights, Culture and the Law: Themes from the Legal and Political Philosophy of Joseph Raz

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248254
eISBN:
9780191714849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248254.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Liberal cosmopolitans often take the view that currently living people, wherever they may live, and future people, whenever their lives take place, have, qua human beings, the same moral status. ... More


INTRODUCTION: THE NOTION OF A TEMPORAL BIAS

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter introduces two temporal biases which will be discussed in part III of the book: the bias towards the near (future) and the bias towards the future. It also analyses the irrationality of ... More


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