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Exploring the Routes from Consultation to (In)forming Public Policy

Caroline Jones

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545520.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter analyses the routes by which Parliamentary bodies move from consultation to formulating public policy in the controversial field of assisted conception and related technological ... More


Health impact assessment in the USA

Andrew Dannenberg and Aaron Wernham

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the development of health impact assessment (HIA) in the USA. The use of HIA in the USA began in approximately 1999. Early HIAs by the San Francisco Department of Public Health ... More


Introduction: The History, Policies, and Structures That Shape Health Care Regulation

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents background on the nature of health policy and the role of regulation in translating policy into action. It describes the fundamental policy goals of improving quality, enhancing ... More


Advance Care Planning for the end of life

Claire Henry and Sheila Joseph

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199561636
eISBN:
9780191730542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561636.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides an introduction to and national context for the importance of Advance Care Planning (ACP) in the Department of Health End of Life Care Strategy in England. It also presents ... More


Public Health and the Greater Good

Gerard N. Burrow

in A History of Yale's School of Medicine: Passing Torches to Others

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092073
eISBN:
9780300132885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092073.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes how the establishment of Yale's Department of Public Health resulted from the creation of the Anna R. Lauder Chair of Public Health with a gift of $500,000 from the Lauder ... More


Genetically Ethnic? Genes, ‘Race’, and Health in Thatcher’s Britain

Roberta Bivins

in Contagious Communities: Medicine, Migration, and the NHS in Post War Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198725282
eISBN:
9780191792625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198725282.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Molecular genetics was an area in which elite British scientists and research institutions sought to compete on a global scale. Sickle cell anaemia and thalassaemia, genetic conditions strongly ... More


Central Policy and Local Independence: Integration, Health Centres and the NHS in Scotland 1948–1990

Marguerite Dupree

in Medicine, Law and Public Policy in Scotland: c. 1850-1990

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781845861162
eISBN:
9781474406222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861162.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter emphasises the importance of a local and regional perspective in examining the emergence and early history of the National Health Service (NHS) in Britain. Focusing on health centres in ... More


An Unlikely Sponsor?: The Rise of Civilian Biodefense

Frank L. Smith

in American Biodefense: How Dangerous Ideas about Biological Weapons Shape National Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452710
eISBN:
9780801455162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452710.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter studies civilian biodefense as a “natural experiment” to compare with research, development, acquisition, and doctrine in the military. Foreshadowed during the Korean War, the rise of ... More


A new cattle disease

Patrick van Zwanenberg and Erik Millstone

in BSE: risk, science and governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525813
eISBN:
9780191723902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525813.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the initial emergence of BSE as a novel veterinary disease in the UK, and the process by which it came to be acknowledged officially. The initial response from MAFF to the ... More


Where we are now? The new public health system in England from April 2013

Jenny Wright, Fiona Sim, and Katie Ferguson

in Multidisciplinary public health: Understanding the development of the modern workforce

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447300335
eISBN:
9781447311690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300335.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the complex new public health system in place in England from April 2013, the rationale behind it, interrelationships between different sectors and tiers. It outlines the ... More


The Case of Food and Health and the Use of Network Analysis

Michael Mills

in Policy Networks in British Government

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278528
eISBN:
9780191684210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278528.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines policy on diet and health. It pays particular attention to the roles of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food (MAFF) and the Department of Health (DoH) and the ... More


Being well and well-being: the value of community and professional concepts in understanding positive health

Elaine Cameron, Jonathan Mathers, and Jayne Parry

in Social Policy Review 18: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2006

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348449
eISBN:
9781447303459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348449.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter draws on empirical evidence regarding professionals and service users' views. It draws on the results of a Department of Health-funded study to explore understanding of health and ... More


The Secure Hospital: Planning the New Holloway

Paul Rock

in Reconstructing a Women's Prison: The Holloway Redevelopment Project, 1968-88

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260950
eISBN:
9780191682179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260950.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The Holloway redevelopment project was regarded as a quite exceptional and daunting enterprise marked by an unparalleled scale and ambition. All prison-building is formidable, not unlike the planning ... More


Health in the City: Race, Poverty, and the Negotiation of Women's Health in New York City, 1915-1930

Tanya Hart

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479867998
eISBN:
9781479875184
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479867998.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Shortly after the dawn of the twentieth century, the New York City Department of Health decided to address what it perceived as the racial nature of health. It delivered heavily racialized care in ... More


‘We know who to talk to’: embodied knowledge in England's Department of Health

Jo Maybin

in Knowledge in policy: Embodied, inscribed, enacted

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447309987
eISBN:
9781447310020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447309987.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter illuminates the specific significance and character of embodied knowledge in policy-making, through a case-study of civil servants in England's Department of Health. It describes the ... More


Experience across the other UK Countries

Jenny Wright, Fiona Sim, and Katie Ferguson

in Multidisciplinary public health: Understanding the development of the modern workforce

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447300335
eISBN:
9781447311690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300335.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The book focuses principally on changes since 2000 affecting the public health workforce in England. To balance this, this chapter describes briefly the different systems for employing the public ... More


Teaching Marriage to Single Mothers and Inmates

Melanie Heath

in One Marriage Under God: The Campaign to Promote Marriage in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737125
eISBN:
9780814744901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737125.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter focuses on the small number of marriage workshops directed both at poor single mothers in conjunction with receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) benefits and at the ... More


Prodigal (Non)Citizens: Teen Pregnancy and Public Health at the Border

Ruby C. Tapia

in American Pietàs: Visions of Race, Death, and the Maternal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816653102
eISBN:
9781452946153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816653102.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter draws upon the work of both critical-race theorists and feminist sociologists to analyze how the California Department of Health Services’ “Partnership for Responsible Parenting” ... More


Advance care planning in the UK: update on policy and practice

Claire Henry and Keri Thomas

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198802136
eISBN:
9780191840548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802136.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter provides an introduction to and national context for the importance of advance care planning (ACP) in the Department of Health End of Life Care Strategy in England. It also presents ... More


Science and Technology for National Security: Threats, Interests, and Ideas

Frank L. Smith

in American Biodefense: How Dangerous Ideas about Biological Weapons Shape National Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452710
eISBN:
9780801455162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452710.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter describes the three explanations for biodefense—realism, bureaucratic interests, and organizational frames—that this book will test. First, realist theory predicts that the United States ... More


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