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Solving the Climate Problem

Geoffrey Heal

in Endangered Economies: How the Neglect of Nature Threatens Our Prosperity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231180849
eISBN:
9780231543286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180849.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Ozone depletion and acid rain are problems that have some similarity to climate change – both are caused by the emission of gases that circulate widely, though neither has the scope and scale of the ... More


The Conservation Model: Universal Pattern, Local Adaptation

Brett M. Bennett

in Plantations and Protected Areas: A Global History of Forest Management

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029933
eISBN:
9780262329910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029933.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter traces the origins, development and spread of the “conservation model” of forest management from the late 1400s until the mid-20th century. It challenges historical interpretations which ... More


Leaving Oil under the Amazon: The Yasuní-ITT Initiative as a Postpetroleum Model?

Pamela L. Martin

in Ending the Fossil Fuel Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262028806
eISBN:
9780262327077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028806.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Pamela Martin analyzes one of the world’s leading examples of the politics of keeping oil in the ground: the Yasuní-ITT Initiative of Ecuador, a nationwide effort to leave untouched a portion of ... More


Land-Uses and Convertible Husbandry in As You Like It

Randall Martin

in Shakespeare and Ecology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199567027
eISBN:
9780191917851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199567027.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Having made jibes at Orlando’s love-verses and drawn defensive reactions from Rosalind, Touchstone gently reproves her by appealing to nature as a third party: ‘You have said; but whether wisely or ... More


* From Swidden to Rubber: Transforming Landscape and Livelihoods in Mountainous Northern Laos

Yayqi Fujita Lagerqvist

in The Social Lives of Forests: Past, Present, and Future of Woodland Resurgence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226322667
eISBN:
9780226024134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024134.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the driving forces behind land use change in upland areas of the Sing district in Laos and how these changes affect local people's livelihoods and their relationship with ... More


Perceptions of Tropical Forests and Natural Regeneration

Robin L. Chazdon

in Second Growth: The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117911
eISBN:
9780226118109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226118109.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter describes tropical forests as dynamic and resilient systems. Indigenous practitioners of shifting cultivation in tropical forests understood the forest regeneration cycle. ... More


Natural Histories of the Anthropocene: Santiago del Estero, Argentina, in the 1930s

Jens Andermann

in Geopolitics, Culture, and the Scientific Imaginary in Latin America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781683401483
eISBN:
9781683402152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401483.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Twentieth-century Latin American intellectuals from the provincial interior, often combining in their professional and intellectual lives different forms of expertise ranging from the humanities to ... More


Biomass: A Renewable Energy Type

Paul F. Meier

in The Changing Energy Mix: A Systematic Comparison of Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190098391
eISBN:
9780190098421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098391.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

Just as a fossil fuel can be burned to generate steam and drive a turbine, biomass can also be burned as a fuel to generate electricity. Biomass comes in many forms, such as wood and wood waste, ... More


Terrain: Fall 1864–Spring 1865

Judkin Browning and Timothy Silver

in An Environmental History of the Civil War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655383
eISBN:
9781469655406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655383.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses not only how terrain shaped battles, but also how battles and campaigns affected the landscape for decades after the war. Armies utilized high ground, limestone formations, and ... More


Scarce Metals and Petroleum

Robert B. Gordon and Patrick M. Malone

in The Texture of Industry: An Archaeological View of the Industrialization of North America

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195058857
eISBN:
9780197561089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195058857.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, North American Archaeology

Lured by the potential for substantial wealth, Americans have focused a disproportionate share of their industrial effort on extracting and processing resources that are both scarce and in high ... More


The Winding Road to Wanglang: Creating a Panda Reserve

E. Elena Songster

in Panda Nation: The Construction and Conservation of China's Modern Icon

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199393671
eISBN:
9780199393701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199393671.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This study moves to the local level to offer a close investigation of just how the national nature protection policy, examined in Chapter 2, was implemented on the ground. The Wanglang Reserve, in ... More


Burning Somalia’s Future: The Illegal Charcoal Trade Between the Horn of Africa and the Gulf

Ilya Gridneff

in Environmental Politics in the Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190916688
eISBN:
9780190942984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916688.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter argues that the charcoal trade exposes Somalia’s political economy as a driver of persistent conflict fueled by competing local, regional, and international interests. Of particular note ... More


Components of Industry

Robert B. Gordon and Patrick M. Malone

in The Texture of Industry: An Archaeological View of the Industrialization of North America

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195058857
eISBN:
9780197561089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195058857.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, North American Archaeology

Industry uses technical and organizational skills, engineering knowledge, and energy to transform natural resources into useful products. (Our definition of industry excludes such ... More


Wood and Water

Robert B. Gordon and Patrick M. Malone

in The Texture of Industry: An Archaeological View of the Industrialization of North America

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195058857
eISBN:
9780197561089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195058857.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, North American Archaeology

The early Spanish adventurers came to America primarily to mine precious metals. Some colonists in eastern North America also had hopes of finding gold and silver, but more turned to the abundant ... More


What are the catastrophic risks, and how catastrophic are they?

Richard A. Posner

in Catastrophe: Risk and Response

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195178135
eISBN:
9780197562444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195178135.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

The number of extreme catastrophes that have a more than negligible probability of occurring in this century is alarmingly great, and their variety startling. I want to describe them and in doing ... More


The Chemical Environment of Lakes

Andrew S. Cohen

in Paleolimnology: The History and Evolution of Lake Systems

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133530
eISBN:
9780197561577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133530.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

Understanding lake chemistry is critical for correctly interpreting the geochemical archives of lake deposits. Elemental and isotopic distributions in lakes are closely linked to external climatic ... More


Geochemical Archives in Lake Deposits

Andrew S. Cohen

in Paleolimnology: The History and Evolution of Lake Systems

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133530
eISBN:
9780197561577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133530.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

As we saw in chapter 4, the isotopic, elemental, or molecular constituents of a lake and its sediments reflect both external chemical inputs and the lake’s internal biogeochemical cycles. Lake ... More


Paleolimnology at the Local to Regional Scale: Records of Changing Watersheds and Industrialization

Andrew S. Cohen

in Paleolimnology: The History and Evolution of Lake Systems

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133530
eISBN:
9780197561577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133530.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

Paleolimnologists have developed an impressive track record documenting the history of human influence on lakes and their surroundings, and using these historical inferences to help policy makers ... More


Properties and Management of Kaolinitic Soils

S. R. Juo, Anthony and Kathrin Franzluebbers

in Tropical Soils: Properties and Management for Sustainable Agriculture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195115987
eISBN:
9780197561157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195115987.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Kaolinitic soils are the most widely occurring soils in the tropics, especially in tropical Africa. They comprise about 70% of the soils in the low-altitude tropics. Typically, these soils have a ... More


The Forest

Benjamin Kingsbury

in An Imperial Disaster: The Bengal Cyclone of 1876

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190876098
eISBN:
9780190942946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876098.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

A history of the Sundarbans mangrove forest of Bakarganj, on the western edge of the Meghna estuary. By 1876 much of this forest had disappeared. The deforestation of the Sundarbans was driven by an ... More


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