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Decomposition theorems

S. R Cloude

in Polarisation: Applications in Remote Sensing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199569731
eISBN:
9780191721908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569731.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter deals with the topic of decomposition theorems in polarisation studies of mixed surface and volume scattering. It begins with coherent decompositions, starting from the Pauli matrix ... More


Chemical Equations

Christopher O. Oriakhi

in Chemistry in Quantitative Language: Fundamentals of General Chemistry Calculations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198867784
eISBN:
9780191904509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867784.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Quantum and Theoretical Chemistry

Chemical Equations introduces the ideas of writing and balancing chemical equations in terms of the amounts of reactants and products involved. Types of chemical reactions are covered to help ... More


Instrumental Nominalism

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Instrumental nominalism is the view that it is important to conceptualize what collections of particulars have in common, but as the collections grow larger and the concepts more abstract (e.g., ... More


The belly and the viscera of the capital city

Gilles Thomas

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526127051
eISBN:
9781526138682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526127051.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the catacombs and sewers of Paris: a maze of underground galleries that were essential to the proper functioning of the city above them. They create a vast network that resemble ... More


The Hodge Theory of Maps

Mark Andrea de Cataldo, Luca Migliorini Lectures 4–5, and Mark Andrea de Cataldo

Eduardo Cattani, Fouad El Zein, Phillip A. Griffiths, and Lê Dũng Tráng (eds)

in Hodge Theory (MN-49)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161341
eISBN:
9781400851478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161341.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter showcases two further lectures on the Hodge theory of maps, and they are mostly composed of exercises. The first lecture details a minimalist approach to sheaf cohomology, and then turns ... More


How Children Generate New Ways of Thinking

Robert S. Siegler

in Emerging Minds: The Process of Change in Children’s Thinking

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195077872
eISBN:
9780197561379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195077872.003.0010
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Cognitive variability ultimately depends on people’s constructing novel ways of thinking even when we already possess reasonable alternatives. If we did not supplement existing approaches with new ... More


Phasing methods for powder data

Carmelo Giacovazzo

in Phasing in Crystallography: A Modern Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199686995
eISBN:
9780191918377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199686995.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

Powder diffractometry plays (and will probably continue to play in the near future) a central role in research and technology, because it allows us to investigate materials which are not available ... More


An Introduction to Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response

David Greenland and Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The regularities of our planet’s climate determine a large part of the form and function of Earth’s ecosystems. The frequently nonlinear operation of the atmosphere gives rise to a rich complexity ... More


Drought Impacts on Tree Growth and Mortality of Southern Appalachian Forests

Brian D. Kloeppel and Barton D. Clinton

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The Coweeta LTER Program represents the eastern deciduous forests of the southern Appalachian Mountains in the United States. Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory was established in 1934 and hence has a ... More


8 Unified Framework I: Interspecific Interactions and Species Diversity in Drylands

Gary A. Polis and Robert D. Holt

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The goal of this chapter is to delineate how abiotic conditions, regional processes, and species interactions influence species diversity at local scales in drylands. There is a very rich literature ... More


9 Species Diversity and Ecosystem Processes in Water-Limited Systems

Moshe Shachak and Steward T.A. Pickett

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

There are many relationships between ecosystem properties and species (Jones and Lawton, 1995) with the potential links described by five hypotheses: 1. The null hypothesis claims that there is no ... More


Climate Forcing at the Arctic LTER Site

John E. Hobbie and Neil Bettez

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The Arctic LTER site is located at 68º38'N and 149º43'W, at an elevation of 760 m in the northern foothills of the Brooks Range, Alaska. The location, 208 km south of Prudhoe Bay, was chosen for ... More


Short-Term Climatic Events—Synthesis

David Greenland

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Short-term climatic events produce some of the most dramatic ecosystem responses. Sometimes the responses may last for a long time into the future. Three themes will be emphasized in this ... More


Interdecadal-Scale Variability: An Assessment of LTER Climate Data

Maurice J. McHugh and Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Interdecadal-scale climate variability must be considered when interpreting climatic trends at local, regional, or global scales. Significant amounts of variance are found at interdecadal ... More


2 How Can High Animal Diversity Be Supported in Low-Productivity Deserts?: The Role of Macrodetritivory and Habitat Physiognomy

Gary A. Polis and Yael Lubin

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

On large spatial scales, species diversity is typically correlated positively with productivity or energy supply (Wright et al. 1993, Huston 1994, Waide et al. 1999). In line with this general ... More


3 Biodiversity Along Core�Periphery Clines

Sergei Volis and Salit Kark

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The study of biodiversity has received wide attention in recent decades. Biodiversity has been defined in various ways (Gaston and Spicer, 1998, Purvis and Hector 2000, and chapters in this volume). ... More


Soil Management: An Overview

S. R. Juo, Anthony and Kathrin Franzluebbers

in Tropical Soils: Properties and Management for Sustainable Agriculture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195115987
eISBN:
9780197561157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195115987.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

The term “soil management” refers to the human manipulation of chemical, physical, and biological conditions of the soil for the production of agricultural plants. Good soil management helps ... More


Soil Organic Matter and Nutrient Dynamics of Shortgrass Steppe Ecosystems

Ingrid C. Burke and Arvin R. Mosier

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Since the days of the IBP, there has been a strong emphasis on research about the biogeochemistry of shortgrass steppe ecosystems (e.g., Clark, 1977; Woodmansee, 1978). A major theme has been ... More


The Future of the Shortgrass Steppe

Ingrid C. Burke and William K. Lauenroth

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Where lies the future of the shortgrass steppe? In prior chapters we have described the remarkable resilience of the shortgrass steppe ecosystem and its organisms to past drought and grazing, and ... More


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