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Ethical and Legal Debates In Irish Healthcare: Confronting complexities

Mary Donnelly and Claire Murray (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099465
eISBN:
9781526104410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099465.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The Irish health system is confronted by a range of challenges, both emerging and recurring. In order to address these, it is essential that spaces are created for conversations around complex ... More


The Use and Usability of Decision-Making Theory in Child Welfare Policy and Practice

Cora Bartelink, Tom A. van Yperen, Ingrid J. Ten Berge, and Erik J. Knorth

in Decision-Making and Judgment in Child Welfare and Protection: Theory, Research, and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190059538
eISBN:
9780190059569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190059538.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The aim of this chapter is to clarify how decision-making processes within the context of child welfare and child protection could be improved by decision-making theories (i.e., Decision-Making ... More


Decision-Making and Judgment in Child Welfare and Protection: Theory, Research, and Practice

John D. Fluke, Mónica López López, Rami Benbenishty, Erik J. Knorth, and Donald J. Baumann (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190059538
eISBN:
9780190059569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190059538.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Professionals working in child welfare and child protection are making decisions with crucial implications for children and families on a daily basis. The types of judgements and decisions they make ... More


Patient-centred dying: the role of law

Mary Donnelly

in Ethical and Legal Debates In Irish Healthcare: Confronting complexities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099465
eISBN:
9781526104410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099465.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines the legal context within which decisions about the end of life are made. It argues that an ethical approach to end-of-life care must be centred on the dying person and that ... More


Older people, human rights, law and policy

Mary Keys

in Ethical and Legal Debates In Irish Healthcare: Confronting complexities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099465
eISBN:
9781526104410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099465.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter identifies the area of decision-making as central to the protection of older people. It addresses the recognition of legal capacity as a central issue to avoid choices being ignored and ... More


A ‘Decision Science’ Perspective on the Old and New Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales

Mandeep K Dhami

in Sentencing Guidelines: Exploring the English Model

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199684571
eISBN:
9780191765032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684571.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The field of decision science has shown that decision-making can be aided by guidance that overcomes constraints of the human mind, and simplifies and clarifies the decision task. Making precise ... More


Decision Making in Child and Family Social Work: Perspectives on Children's Participation

Clive Diaz

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447354444
eISBN:
9781447354468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447354444.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This book presents new research on the extent to which parents and children participate in decision making when childcare social workers are involved and it considers two key meetings in depth: child ... More


Speaking for the Dying: Life-and-Death Decisions in Intensive Care

Susan P. Shapiro

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226615608
eISBN:
9780226615882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226615882.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Seventy percent of Americans age 60 or over requiring decisions about medical treatment in the final days of life lack capacity to make these decisions. The biggest life-and-death decisions of their ... More


From Evidence to Outcomes in Child Welfare

Aron Shlonsky and Rami Benbenishty

in From Evidence to Outcomes in Child Welfare: An International Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199973729
eISBN:
9780199386703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199973729.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The ways in which decisions are made impact the use of evidence informed services at all levels of the child welfare system, including decisions made by administrators, program managers, workers, and ... More


Institutional Design in Crisis Decision-Making

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a typology of decision-making on crisis response across four international organizations. However, unlike previous scholarship, this research focuses on how decisions are taken in ... More


Restorative Justice Experiences Involving Child Victims

Tali Gal

in Child Victims and Restorative Justice: A Needs-Rights Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744718
eISBN:
9780199897476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744718.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter begins by exploring the potential benefits of restorative justice for child victims. It then reviews five restorative justice programs in New Zealand, Australia, and Canada. All these ... More


The Psychology Of Acquisitiveness

D. Preston Stephanie and D. Vickers Brian

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Human and nonhuman animals share an adaptive capacity to plan for the future by acquiring and saving important items, such as food to survive long, cold winters. In addition, humans amass material ... More


Exploring Alternate Explanations for Agency-Level Effects in Placement Decisions Regarding Aboriginal Children

Barbara A. Fallon, John D. Fluke, Martin Chabot, Cindy Blackstock, Vandna Sinha, Kate Allan, and Bruce MacLaurin

in Decision-Making and Judgment in Child Welfare and Protection: Theory, Research, and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190059538
eISBN:
9780190059569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190059538.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter summarizes a series of published papers that used data from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS) to explore the influence of case and organizational ... More


Introduction

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a discussion of the relevance of international organizations’ efficiency in crisis response. It is framed in broader scholarly and policy debates on the effectiveness of peace ... More


Varieties of Valuation in the Normal and Addicted Brain: Legal and Policy Implications from a Neuroscience Perspective

Mark E. Walton and Nicholas A. Nasrallah

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

It is increasingly believed that neuropsychiatric disorders such as addiction may be examples of pathological value-guided decision making. There is substantial overlap between the neural mechanisms ... More


The Parameters of Leadership

Cedric J. Robinson and Erica R. Edwards

in The Terms of Order: Political Science and the Myth of Leadership

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469628219
eISBN:
9781469628226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628219.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

In this chapter, Robinson discusses the leader as a manifest idea, the relationship of political leadership to political authority, the leader as a deviant, the conceptual imprint of the market ... More


Decision-Making Scripts

Susan P. Shapiro

in Speaking for the Dying: Life-and-Death Decisions in Intensive Care

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226615608
eISBN:
9780226615882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226615882.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter considers the role of law in the ICU and presents the legal and bioethical scripts for surrogate decision making. It describes legal provisions for advance directives that specify the ... More


Differences in Organization Response Rates

Heidi Hardt

in Time to React: The Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337118
eISBN:
9780199356546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides an introduction to the informal level of decision-making and presents the book’s central argument. That is, the ways in which actors interact and negotiate within international ... More


The Absurdity of Bureaucracy: How Implementation Works

Nina Holm Vohnsen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526101341
eISBN:
9781526128539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101341.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The absurdity of bureaucracy offers an ethnographic portrayal of an attempt to make and implement evidence-based policy set in the Danish labour market system in 2009. It departs from the author’s ... More


Agile: Taking Decisions, Acting, and Taking New Decisions

Sven Biscop

in Grand Strategy in 10 Words: A Guide to Great Power Politics in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529217506
eISBN:
9781529217544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529217506.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains why the implementation of grand strategy requires agility: the capacity to take decisions rapidly, and to translate them into practice, so as to adapt to changing circumstances. ... More


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