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The Bible and Natural Law

Matthew Levering

in Biblical Natural Law: A Theocentric and Teleological Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535293
eISBN:
9780191715839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535293.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Many contemporary exegetes and theologians conclude that the Bible does not contain natural law doctrine. This chapter first surveys important exegetical works on biblical ethics and law in Judaism ... More


Inventing God's Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi

David P. Wright

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195304756
eISBN:
9780199866830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Most scholars believe that the numerous similarities between the Covenant Code (Exodus 20:23–23:19) and Mesopotamian law collections, especially the Laws of Hammurabi, which date to around 1750 BCE, ... More


Problematic Biblical Laws: The View from the “Other” Side

Cheryl B. Anderson

in Ancient Laws and Contemporary Controversies: The Need for Inclusive Biblical Interpretation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195305500
eISBN:
9780199867028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305500.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Theology

Traditionally, the Deuteronomic laws and the Decalogue are thought to be ethical achievements. However, the values of biblical laws that even supposedly protect women, the poor, the slave, and the ... More


Equity, Natural Law, and Common Grace

Paul Helm

in John Calvin's Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Takes up again the question of our natural knowledge of God. Is there for Calvin a natural knowledge of God's law? Was Calvin a Divine Command Theorist in ethics? It is argued that he was not, except ... More


The Growth of Israel's Legal Tradition

Joseph Blenkinsopp

in Wisdom and Law in the Old Testament: The Ordering of Life in Israel and Early Judaism

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198755036
eISBN:
9780191695131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755036.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

This chapter traces the development of Israel's legal tradition. It covers law in early Israel, the Covenant Code, the Decalogue, and Deuteronomy.


The Preaching of Pastoralia

H. Leith Spencer

in English Preaching in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112037
eISBN:
9780191670664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112037.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses the preaching of pastoralia and the Church's implementation of publishing pastoral instruction. The first English bishop to devise a comprehensive pastoral syllabus–and a ... More


Seduction

Bernard S. Jackson

in Wisdom-Laws: A Study of the Mishpatim of Exodus 21:1–22:16

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269311
eISBN:
9780191683596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269311.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

The law of seduction is to be regarded as belonging to the law of tort, making it clear that a male seducer (presumably, even a married one) does not commit the crime of adultery, proscribed by the ... More


Commandments and Covenant

Adriana Cavarero and Angelo Scola

in Thou Shalt Not Kill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267347
eISBN:
9780823272341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267347.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Scola argues that the Decalogue must be read not as an abstract sovereign imperative, but instead as a manifestation of the covenant made between God and humanity. Though the Decalogue is both spoken ... More


A Special Law

Adriana Cavarero and Angelo Scola

in Thou Shalt Not Kill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267347
eISBN:
9780823272341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267347.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Cavarero opens with an exploration of philosopher Emmanuel Lévinas’s interpretation of the sixth commandment as an absolute prohibition of homicide. She turns to the many biblical passages and to the ... More


Brief Philological Note

Adriana Cavarero and Angelo Scola

in Thou Shalt Not Kill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267347
eISBN:
9780823272341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267347.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The differences in numbering the commandments in various Judeo-Christian traditions are far less interesting than the “linguistic forms” the Decalogue takes on in those traditions. The Latin Bible ... More


‘I am the Lord your God…’: The Significance of the First Commandment as a Basis for Ethics

Oswald Bayer and Jeff Cayzer

in Freedom in Response

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199249091
eISBN:
9780191697807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249091.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses the Decalogue, the epitome of the will of God, and the significance of the first commandment. The first commandment, the foundation for Church and theology, is to be seen as a ... More


Death in the Setting of Divine Wisdom: The Doctrine of St. Thomas Aquinas

Lawrence Dewan

in Wisdom, Law, and Virtue: Essays in Thomistic Ethics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227969
eISBN:
9780823237210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227969.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter clarifies St. Thomas's doctrine that the Decalogue, including the commandment “thou shalt not kill,” has such primacy in the order of law that God himself ... More


Stoic Ethics in the Service of Jewish Law

Maren R. Niehoff

in Philo of Alexandria: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300175233
eISBN:
9780300231304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175233.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter shows how Philo's exposition of Mosaic law is motivated by the apologetic need to counter Apion's slanders and persuade a broader Roman audience of the value of Jewish customs. ... More


Point of Departure

Adriana Cavarero and Angelo Scola

in Thou Shalt Not Kill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267347
eISBN:
9780823272341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267347.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Scola opens by placing the commandment “You shall not kill” in its original context, and then traces how it, along with the rest of the Decalogue, has changed through time. Commentary on the ... More


Getting Down to the Basics: Commandments and Prayers

Mark Z. Christensen

in Nahua and Maya Catholicisms: Texts and Religion in Colonial Central Mexico and Yucatan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785280
eISBN:
9780804787314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785280.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter considers how Nahuatl and Maya religious texts conveyed the basic tenets of the Catholic faith. The Ten Commandments, the Lord’s Prayer, and the Creed appeared in a variety of Nahuatl ... More


Moses, the Royal Lawgiver

Thomas C. Römer

in Remembering Biblical Figures in the Late Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods: Social Memory and Imagination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199664160
eISBN:
9780191748462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664160.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Contrary to the ancient Near East, kings in the Hebrew Bible are not lawgivers. In the Hebrew Bible, this function is taken over by Moses, who is constructed in the Pentateuch as a royal figure. This ... More


Aristotle and the Mosaic Law

Matthew Levering

in Aristotle in Aquinas’s Theology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749639
eISBN:
9780191814839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749639.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

In Aquinas’s treatise on the Old Law in the Prima Secundae of the Summa theologiae, question 100 quotes Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics sixteen times, while question 105 quotes the Politics fourteen ... More


Duns Scotus, the Natural Law, and the Irrelevance of Aesthetic Explanation

Jeff Steele

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 4

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198786368
eISBN:
9780191831331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786368.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to Duns Scotus, the First Table of the Decalogue contains only those moral propositions whose truth value is known from their terms alone, or conclusions that necessarily follow from them. ... More


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