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Sinful People, Impure Priests, and Inadequate Structures: The Temple as Defiled and Rejected

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines literature discovered at Qumran and related literature, including the Temple Scroll, with an eye toward describing more fully the anti-temple polemics articulated. It identifies ... More


The Dead Sea Scrolls

Joan E. Taylor

in The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199554485
eISBN:
9780191745911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554485.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

The Dead Sea Scrolls are one of the most important archaeological finds ever made. They are usually understood to have been hidden away quickly ahead of a Roman advance in 68 ce. However, the ... More


Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Jonathan Klawans

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book reevaluates modern scholarly approaches to ancient Jewish cultic rituals, arguing that sacrifice in particular has been long misunderstood. Various religious and cultural ideologies ... More


The Suffering Servant: from Isaiah to the Dead Sea Scrolls

Israel Knohl

in Scriptural Exegesis: The Shapes of Culture and the Religious Imagination: Essays in Honour of Michael Fishbane

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199206575
eISBN:
9780191709678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206575.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

The radical separation between the world of the living and the realm of the dead is not universal through the Hebrew Bible. The distinctions weaken in the later stages of biblical literature. There ... More


The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Joan E. Taylor

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199554485
eISBN:
9780191745911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554485.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

Ever since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in caves near the site of Qumran in 1947, this mysterious cache of manuscripts has been associated with the Essenes, a ‘sect’ configured as marginal ... More


The Dead Sea Scrolls

James VanderKam

in Early Judaism: New Insights and Scholarship

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781479896950
eISBN:
9781479825707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479896950.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Most archeologists believe that the ruins at Khirbet Qumran were used by a communal sect during the first century BCE and CE, which was part of the Essene movement described by Josephus and Philo. ... More


Holy Seed or Holy Deed: Sexuality, Holiness, and Purity in Second Temple Literature

Naomi Koltun-Fromm

in Hermeneutics of Holiness: Ancient Jewish and Christian Notions of Sexuality and Religious Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736485
eISBN:
9780199866427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736485.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on those Second Temple authors who continue to develop notions of community holiness that are tied to sexual behavior. These trajectories continue along the lines of ascribed, ... More


New Laws For A New Age

Jonathan Burnside

in God, Justice, and Society: Aspects of Law and Legality in the Bible

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199759217
eISBN:
9780199827084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759217.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks at how the biblical laws of marriage, divorce, and sexual relations were interpreted during the Second Temple (or intertestamental) period, with reference to the writers of the ... More


Performative Reading and Text Interpretation at Qumran

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Explores the nature of oral‐performative reading and text‐interpretive tradition in the scribal community (Yakhad) associated with the Qumran ruins and the Dead Sea scrolls. The focus is upon the ... More


General Conclusions

Joan E. Taylor

in The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199554485
eISBN:
9780191745911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554485.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

This final chapter sums up the argument of this book and considers the whole picture of the context of the Dead Sea Scrolls within the world of Second Temple Judaism, which is important as then the ... More


The Mirage of the Bible: The Case of the Book of Psalms

Eva Mroczek

in The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190279837
eISBN:
9780190279851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190279837.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Through a case study of psalms, this chapter shows how the Bible sets the agenda for the study of early Jewish literature, and how removing biblical lenses reveals a new picture of the literary ... More


Hebrew in the Hellenistic World

William M. Schniedewind

in A Social History of Hebrew: Its Origins Through the Rabbinic Period

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780300176681
eISBN:
9780300199109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300176681.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The ideological role of language came to the fore in the Hellenistic world as language became essential for defining Hellenistic culture and citizenship. Hellenism elevated language ideology, and as ... More


The Bible in Qumran and Early Judaism

P. S. Alexander

in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263913
eISBN:
9780191601187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263910.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is the second of five chapters on the Old Testament and the reader, and presents an analysis of the Bible in Qumran (the site occupied by the early Jewish monastic community who lived near the ... More


Introduction: In the Beginning

Aharon Shemesh

in Halakhah in the Making: The Development of Jewish Law from Qumran to the Rabbis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520259102
eISBN:
9780520945036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259102.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Research to bridge the gap between the Bible and the established halakhah of the Rabbis as found in the rabbinic literature has been conducted. But this research, hampered primarily by the lack of ... More


Halakhah in the Making: The Development of Jewish Law from Qumran to the Rabbis

Aharon Shemesh

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520259102
eISBN:
9780520945036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259102.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book offers a comprehensive study of the legal material found in the Dead Sea Scrolls and its significance in the greater history of Jewish religious law (Halakhah). The study revives an issue ... More


Textual Criticism: The Ancient Versions

S. Talmon

in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263913
eISBN:
9780191601187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263910.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is the first of five chapters on the text of the Old Testament. It focuses on textual criticism of the ancient versions of the Old Testament, pointing out that no other ancient or modern text ... More


Torah as Law

John J. Collins

in Invention of Judaism: Torah and Jewish Identity from Deuteronomy to Paul

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520294110
eISBN:
9780520967366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520294110.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In the wake of the Maccabean revolt, the literature from the land of Israel takes a halakic turn, which is evident in Jubilees, the Temple Scroll, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. While the Law was the ... More


Torah and Apocalypticism

John J. Collins

in Invention of Judaism: Torah and Jewish Identity from Deuteronomy to Paul

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520294110
eISBN:
9780520967366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520294110.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The earliest apocalypses, in the books of Enoch and Daniel, appeal to a source of revelation that is independent of the Mosaic Torah. The sectarian Dead Sea Scrolls, however, combine a fundamental ... More


Ideals of Science: The Infrastructure of Scientific Activity in Apocalyptic Literature and in the Yahad

Jonathan Ben-Dov

in Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479823048
eISBN:
9781479873975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479823048.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the intellectual climate that gave rise to a creative scientific environment in the Dead Sea Scrolls community called Yahad. It first considers the antecedents of the Yahad's ... More


The Messianic Secret

Israel Knohl

in The Messiah before Jesus: The Suffering Servant of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520215924
eISBN:
9780520928749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520215924.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter begins with a description of a day in the life of the Messiah. It then considers messianic hymns from the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those from the Thanksgivings Scroll. These hymns ... More


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