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Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

C. W. A. Whitaker

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The De Interpretatione is one of Aristotle's core works, containing highly influential analyses of the basic elements of language and the nature of truth and falsehood, as well as the famous ... More


Conclusion

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

By reading the De Interpretatione closely and in order, we see that the work is not a series of detached episodes but a coherent whole, dedicated to the study of contradictory pairs of assertions. ... More


The Title

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The traditional title is an oddity. It has been explained as meaning ’On the Assertion’ (in accordance with the view that that is what the treatise is about) but the best translation is really ’On ... More


Chapter 1: Significant Utterances

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The preliminary section of the treatise, a terse passage famous in the history of grammar and semantics, begins by setting out the relation between words, thoughts and things. Words are symbols, i.e. ... More


Chapter 2–3: The Name and Verb

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle's definitions of the basic units of significant speech , and the way in which they are employed to form an assertion are seen here. Both 'signify something’, but the verb possesses a ... More


Passage and Possibility: A Study of Aristotle's Modal Concepts

Sarah Waterlow

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246565
eISBN:
9780191681011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246565.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book attempts to expound on Aristotle's views on time and modality. The term ‘attempt’ is used because on either subject Aristotle's thoughts are amongst his least accessible. In the relevant ... More


De Interpretatione 9

Sarah Waterlow

in Passage and Possibility: A Study of Aristotle's Modal Concepts

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246565
eISBN:
9780191681011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246565.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Aristotle argues in De Interpretatione 9 that if a certain logical principle is maintained without restriction, one faces the consequence that nothing is contingent — all events happen with a ... More


Chapter 4: Phrases and Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle moves on to define longer utterances, distinguishing those, which possess truth‐value, from those such as prayers, which do not. Also, no single word can be an assertion, since an assertion ... More


Chapter 5: Simple and Compound Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter offers two criteria for the unity of an assertion: the semantic claim that a single assertion is one which claims one thing about one thing, and the syntactic claim that an assertion may ... More


Chapter 12: Modal Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle now turns his attention to assertions involving the ideas of necessity and possibility, and examines how they should be arranged into their correct contradictory pairs. Here, he argues, the ... More


Chapter 6: Contradictory Pairs

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter, which concludes the introductory section of the work, narrows the focus to simple assertions. Aristotle demonstrates with brilliant neatness that all such assertions either affirm or ... More


Chapter 9: The Third Exception to RCP; Future Singular Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The third class of exceptions introduces the famous Sea‐battle paradox, which is normally studied in isolation from the rest of the treatise. By approaching this chapter in its context, however, a ... More


The Signification of Names

David Charles

in Aristotle on Meaning and Essence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256730
eISBN:
9780191597183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925673X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In De Interpretatione, Aristotle offers an account of the conditions under which a term like ‘man’ signifies the kind man. This involves, in the case of simple names, the name being correlated with a ... More


Chapter 8: The Second Exception to RCP; Hidden Complex Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Here, Aristotle exposes assertions that appear to make a single claim but which, because of the hidden complexity of one of their terms, actually make two claims. In such cases, both members of a ... More


Chapter 7: The First Exception to RCP; Singular and Universal Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle now begins his investigation of contradictory pairs of assertions. ’Things’ are now divided into two types, universal and singular. Assertions may be divided likewise, and it is found that ... More


Chapter 13: More on Modal Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The discussion of modal assertions is now broadened to include the inferences, which may be drawn between them. The Modal Square of Opposition is set out, problems with the initial formulation are ... More


Chapter 14: Contrary Beliefs

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The investigation of contradictory pairs has so far dealt only with assertions. Now we see the study turn to the relation between utterances and thoughts, established in Ch. 1. Aristotle questions ... More


Introduction

Sarah Waterlow

in Passage and Possibility: A Study of Aristotle's Modal Concepts

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246565
eISBN:
9780191681011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246565.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An account of Aristotle's logic of metaphysics could only be complete with some attempts to expound on his views on time and modality. The most frustrating puzzles arise over various connections he ... More


Chapter 10: Three Types of Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The task of classifying contradictory pairs continues in the chapters that follow, but no new exceptions to RCP are found. Here, assertions are examined and their contradictory pairs set out, ... More


Chapter 11: Sophistic Puzzles Concerning Simple and Complex Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter takes up the question of simple and complex assertions from Chs. 5 and 8. This thinking is applied to solving sophisms involving double predications, such as ’Is Socrates a pale walking ... More


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