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The Case for Cognitivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the position of Wiggins and McDowell. This theory is fatally incomplete, rather than fatally flawed. It is a view of moral truth and enquiry that has been much misunderstood, ... More


Values, Norms, and the Practical

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rejects the view that Wiggins’s and McDowell’s theories of moral motivation postulate an objectionable form of inherent normativity in a moral agent’s recognition of value. Their ... More


Introduction

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the aim of this book, which is the development of a contextualist approach to epistemology. This is followed by a discussion of the ... More


Rylean Arguments: Ancient and Modern

Paul F. Snowdon

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter is a critical and interpretative discussion of Ryle's views on knowing how, in particular as presented in his early paper ‘Knowing How and Knowing That.’ Some preliminary evidence is ... More


Extending the Occasional Identity Thesis

André Gallois

in Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261833
eISBN:
9780191698798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261833.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the relevance of philosopher David Wiggins' only A and B rule for identity to the occasional identity thesis. This rule states that A's having a relation (R) to B must be such ... More


Introduction

Elijah Millgram

in John Stuart Mill and the Meaning of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190873240
eISBN:
9780190873271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873240.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Projects are instrumentally structured but open-ended courses of action. Life projects—projects that occupy all or almost all of a life—seem to implement a proposal regarding what it takes to have a ... More


Kant on the Subjectivity of Taste

Hannah Ginsborg

in The Normativity of Nature: Essays on Kant's Critique of Judgement

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199547975
eISBN:
9780191789007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547975.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The essay defends the subjectivity of judgements of beauty for Kant by arguing against Karl Ameriks’ proposal that judgements of beauty are like judgements of colour and other secondary-quality ... More


Discriminate Death-Dealing: Who May Kill Whom, and How?

Annette C. Baier

in Reflections On How We Live

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199570362
eISBN:
9780191809842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199570362.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on David Wiggins' theory on the ‘deontological core’ of morality that prohibits humanity to commit acts of murder, wounding, injury, plunder, or pillage. However, with the ... More


Animals and Persons

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question of why it might be so much as suspected that the acceptance of (A) collides with truths about persons. It argues that there is no real metaphysical significance in ... More


Disentangling and Shapelessness

Simon Kirchin

in Thick Evaluation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198803430
eISBN:
9780191841613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803430.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a second anti-separationist strategy, namely the thought that if one separates thick concepts into thin evaluation and nonevaluative, descriptive content, as separationists ... More


John Stuart Mill and the Meaning of Life

Elijah Millgram

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190873240
eISBN:
9780190873271
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873240.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The popular view that the meaning of a life should be a project is assessed by examining a life that did have that shape. John Stuart Mill’s utilitarian life project is described, and is argued to be ... More


Remnant Persons: Animalism’s Undoing

Mark Johnston

in Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals, and Identity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199608751
eISBN:
9780191823305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608751.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter raises three objections to animalism. First, if it isn’t an account of what we essentially are then the “too many persons” argument is ineffectual, since “animal” could be a phase ... More


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