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Family, Ancestry, and Self: What Is the Moral Significance of Biological Ties?

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter argues against an argument one might take from David Velleman's chapter, “Family History,” that acquaintance with one's biological progenitors is important for human well-being—unless ... More


Alief and Belief

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces and argues for the importance of a cognitive state that the author calls alief. Roughly speaking, an alief is a mental state with associatively linked content that is ... More


Constitutivism and Self-Knowledge

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

David Velleman defends a constitutivist theory according to which action constitutively aims at self-knowledge, self-understanding, or intelligibility. This chapter reconstructs Velleman’s argument ... More


Some Arguments by Velleman Concerning Suicide and Assisted Suicide

F. M. Kamm

in Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199971985
eISBN:
9780199346141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971985.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines some of David Velleman's objections to physician-assisted suicide as presented in his “A Right of Self-Termination?” It addresses two main issues: Does any objection to ... More


Action without Agency and Natural Human Action: Resolving a Double Paradox

Brian Bruya

in The Philosophical Challenge from China

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028431
eISBN:
9780262323628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028431.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In the philosophy of action, it is generally understood that action presupposes an agent performing or guiding the action. Action is also generally understood as distinct from the kind of motion that ... More


Teleology and Normativity

Matthew Silverstein

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: 11

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198784647
eISBN:
9780191828775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784647.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Constitutivists hold that the foundations of ethics are to be found in non-normative facts about what is constitutive of agency. Most constitutivists locate these foundations in the teleological ... More


Intention, Belief, Practical, Theoretical

Michael E. Bratman

in Planning, Time, and Self-Governance: Essays in Practical Rationality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190867850
eISBN:
9780190867898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867850.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay argues against an approach—one I call cognitivism—that tries to understand synchronic plan rationality as, at bottom a matter of theoretical rationality of belief. This approach is taken ... More


Emotional Understanding and Victims’ Stories

Diana Tietjens Meyers

in Victims' Stories and the Advancement of Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199930388
eISBN:
9780190490102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930388.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

J. David Velleman’s account of emotion as the glue that unifies stories and endows them with meaning is rejected in favor of Jenefer Robinson’s account of the role of responding emotionally to ... More


Forgiveness and the Rat Man: Kierkegaard, ‘Narrative Unity’ and ‘Wholeheartedness’ Revisited

John Lippitt

in Narrative, Identity and the Kierkegaardian Self

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780748694433
eISBN:
9781474412452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694433.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

As Kierkegaardian narrativists such as John J. Davenport have revised and expanded upon their positions, the gap between them and narratosceptics has narrowed significantly. Despite this narrowing, ... More


Relation to Other Accounts

Kirk Ludwig

in From Individual to Plural Agency: Collective Action I

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198755623
eISBN:
9780191816765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755623.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares the book’s account, particularly of shared intention and we-intentions, to pioneering accounts by Tuomela, Searle, Bratman, Velleman, and Gilbert. It argues that we need not ... More


The Evidentialist Response

Berislav Marušić

in Evidence and Agency: Norms of Belief for Promising and Resolving

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198714040
eISBN:
9780191782497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714040.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers and rejects the Evidentialist Response. According to this response, which is suggested by David Velleman, we should not promise or resolve to do something if we have evidence ... More


Intention, Belief, and Instrumental Rationality

Michael E. Bratman

in Planning, Time, and Self-Governance: Essays in Practical Rationality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190867850
eISBN:
9780190867898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867850.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay continues my critique of the cognitivist view that the norms on intention of instrumental rationality and consistency are, at bottom, norms of theoretical rationality on one’s beliefs. It ... More


Five Easy Arguments for Assisted Suicide and the Objections of Velleman and Gorsuch

F. M. Kamm

in Almost Over: Aging, Dying, Dead

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190097158
eISBN:
9780190097189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190097158.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents five arguments in favor of the moral permissibility of, and even a duty to engage in, physician-assisted suicide both to end suffering and for other reasons in those who are and ... More


The Virtues of Ambivalence: Wholeheartedness as Existential Telos and the Unwillable Completion of Narravives

John J. Davenport

in Narrative, Identity and the Kierkegaardian Self

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780748694433
eISBN:
9781474412452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694433.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents John J. Davenport’s response to the contributions of Lippitt, Wietzke and Helms. Davenport contends that the actual target of Lippitt’s Velleman-inspired critique is not the ... More


The Intentions of a Group

Michael E. Bratman

in The Moral Responsibility of Firms

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198738534
eISBN:
9780191801808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198738534.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter argues that the broadly individualistic plan-theoretic approach to shared intention that is defended in Michael Bratman, Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together (2014), ... More


The Interplay of Intention and Reason

Michael E. Bratman

in Planning, Time, and Self-Governance: Essays in Practical Rationality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190867850
eISBN:
9780190867898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867850.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In a series of essays—in particular, his 1994 essay “Assure and Threaten”—David Gauthier develops a two-tier pragmatic theory of practical rationality and argues, within that theory, for a ... More


Intra-Personal Aggregation

Iwao Hirose

in Moral Aggregation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199933686
eISBN:
9780199398324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933686.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines intra-personal aggregation, i.e. aggregation within lives, as distinguished from aggregation across lives. Section 5.1 shows that those who take the lifetime well-being to be ... More


Against Intellectualism: Animal Belief

Aaron Z. Zimmerman

in Belief: A Pragmatic Picture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198809517
eISBN:
9780191846854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809517.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The other animals fail to construct sentences, and Descartes inferred from this that they entirely lack beliefs. Contemporary intellectualists—e.g. B. Williams (1973) and D. Velleman (2000)—allow ... More


The Pleasure of Movement and the Awareness of the Self

Barbara Gail Montero

in Thought in Action: Expertise and the Conscious Mind

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199596775
eISBN:
9780191822308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596775.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In expert bodily actions, especially those that appear effortless, it is sometimes claimed that the self is lost; for example, when running a marathon, it might be said the self dissolves into ... More


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