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The Status of Natural Properties

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the case for natural properties made by David Lewis. Section 5.1 looks at the role such properties play in Lewis’s system. Section 5.2 sets out his reasons for believing in ... More


Philosophical Papers Volume I

David Lewis

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains 15 papers by the influential American philosopher, David Lewis. All previously published (between 1966 and 80), these papers are divided into three groups: ontology, the philosophy ... More


Modality

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that neither the modal realism of David Lewis nor abstract possible worlds reductionism can satisfy Truthmaker or TSB when it comes to truths of de re modality. On the contrary, ... More


Changing the Rules

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines other ways the Argument from Completeness might be attacked. It identifies two strategies that the realist might deploy in order to avoid the difficulties engendered by the ... More


Absences

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is desirable to expel absences from the ontology. Phil Dowe's account of preventions and omissions (which involve absences) indicates that they supervene on actual causal states of affairs. ... More


Classes

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

David Lewis' major contribution to the ontology of classes is to perceive that many‐membered classes are mereological sums of the singletons (unit‐classes of their members: {a, b, c, d, . . .} is ... More


Why Be Humean?

Tim Maudlin

in The Metaphysics Within Physics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In some contemporary metaphysics theories, there is an explicit preference or desire, or in some cases demand, for‘Humean’ theories. Humean, or ‘empiricist’ theories of law and of chance are sought; ... More


Interest‐Relative Invariantism versus Contextualism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is devoted to a thorough-going comparison of Interest-Relativism Invariantism and contextualism. It argues that the contextualist is committed to a worse error-theory than the advocate ... More


Ordinary Objects as Mereological Sums

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

The thesis that ordinary material objects are mereological sums in the standard sense has been remarkably popular among three-dimensionalists and four-dimensionalists alike. This chapter considers ... More


Modal Realism

Charles S. Chihara

in The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The models studied in modal logic are set theoretical structures. So one can regard the model theory of modal logic as a branch of set theory. The philosophical question arises: what is the ... More


Lewis's Animadversions on the Truthmaker Principle

Fraser MacBride

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The early David Lewis was a staunch critic of the Truthmaker Principle. To endorse the principle, he argued, is to accept that states of affairs are truthmakers for contingent predications. But ... More


David Lewis’s Place in Analytic Philosophy

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to one of the most fascinating figures of the twentieth century, David Lewis. The key to understanding this author of so many works in so many areas of philosophy is to see ... More


Demystifying the Physical

Peter Unger

in All the Power in the World

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155617
eISBN:
9780199850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155617.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

When we communicate with each other, we interact with an external reality, quite distinct from each other. Nowadays, we take it that this possibly mysterious external reality, through which we ... More


Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

Timothy McCarthy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145069
eISBN:
9780199833436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145062.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Attempts to offer a response to Quine's arguments for the indeterminacy of reference and translation by developing an original theory of radical interpretation, i.e. the project of characterising ... More


Natural Necessity

Marc Lange

in Laws and Lawmakers Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328134
eISBN:
9780199870042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328134.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Natural necessity is analyzed in terms of “sub-nomic stability” (introduced in Chapter 1). The various species of necessity correspond to the various nonmaximal sets possessing sub-nomic stability. ... More


Two Concepts of Modality: Modal Realism and Modal Reductionism

Alvin Plantinga

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the first part of this chapter, I sketch out three grades of modal realism. After developing modal realism, I examine David Lewis's modal theory. I argue that Lewis's theory satisfies none of the ... More


The Merely Conventional Existence of the World

Jan Westerhoff

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter presents a framework that allows us to make sense of the Madhyamaka view that all objects are conventional truths, that is, merely conventionally existent objects. To do this the chapter ... More


The law‐governed world‐picture

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The idea that science has discovered that our universe is governed by laws of nature is arguably an important part of the modern scientific world‐view. The distinction between laws and other truths ... More


Introduction: Divine Discontent as Religious Faith

Jonathon S. Kahn

in Divine Discontent: The Religious Imagination of W. E. B. Du Bois

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307894
eISBN:
9780199867516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307894.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter begins by introducing the heterodox nature of Du Bois's religious voice. Against David Levering Lewis, it argues that despite Du Bois's hostile comments against religion, Du Bois also ... More


The Problem of Composition

Verity Harte

in Plato on Parts and Wholes: The Metaphysics of Structure

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236757
eISBN:
9780191597640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236751.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Examines several modern accounts of composition—especially David Lewis's, a version of classical extensional mereology—with the aim of framing a shared question about composition. The problem that ... More


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