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Interest‐Relative Invariantism versus Relativism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Relativism about knowledge-attributions is the thesis that knowledge attributions express propositions the truth of which is relative to a judge. On this view, a knowledge attribution may express a ... More


Introduction: reference and singular thought

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

The discovery of the twin categories of reference and singular thought is widely felt to be one of the landmark achievements of twentieth-century analytic philosophy. On the one hand there is the ... More


The First Person *

Kripke Saul A.

in Philosophical Troubles: Collected Papers, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199730155
eISBN:
9780199918430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730155.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the perplexities some philosophers have felt concerning the simple first person pronoun “I.” It considers the views of David Kaplan, Frege, and David Lewis. It argues that the ... More


Meanings and Knowledge of Meaning

Stephen Schiffer

in The Things We Mean

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199257768
eISBN:
9780191602313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257760.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Knowing what an expression means is neither knowing that it means such and such nor knowing how to do things with the expression; it is being in, or being apt to be in, a certain kind of ... More


Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Joseph Almog and Paolo Leonardi (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Keith Donnellan of UCLA is one of the founding fathers of contemporary philosophy of language, along with David Kaplan and Saul Kripke. Donnellan was and is an extremely creative thinker whose ... More


Rigid Designation, Direct Reference, and Indexicality

Scott Soames

in Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138664
eISBN:
9781400833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the contributions of Saul Kripke and David Kaplan, which are leading elements of a body of work that changed the course of analytic philosophy. It first deals with the views of ... More


Attitudes De Dicto and De Se

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this wide‐ranging paper, Lewis defends the view that propositional attitudes consist in relations to properties, which themselves are sets of possible individuals. In so doing, he champions the ... More


David Lewis on Context

Robert Stalnaker

in The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198739548
eISBN:
9780191864100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739548.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

A critical discussion of David Lewis’s two-dimensional framework for doing semantics. Lewis’s framework has the same abstract structure as David Kaplan’s semantics for demonstratives, where the ... More


Indexicalism: A Paradoxico-Metaphysics

Hilan Bensusan

in Indexicalism: The Metaphysics of Paradox

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474480291
eISBN:
9781399509732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474480291.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chapter 1 presents indexicalism as idea that the world is ultimately best described in terms of indexical expressions like 'here', 'you', 'now', 'outside', 'same' or 'other'. Substantive descriptions ... More


Token-Sense and Type-Sense

José Luis Bermúdez

in Understanding I: Language and Thought

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198796213
eISBN:
9780191837319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796213.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Symmetry Constraint calls for the possibility of token-equivalence in sense between a token of “I” and, for example, a token of “you.” But understanding how to use the first person pronoun “I” is ... More


Words by Convention

Gail Leckie and J. R. G. Williams

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Language Volume 1

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198836568
eISBN:
9780191873744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836568.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Existing metasemantic projects presuppose that word- (or sentence-) types are part of the non-semantic base. This paper proposes a new strategy: an endogenous account of word types, that is, one ... More


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