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Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Arthur S. Reber

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The book is an extended essay on implicit learning, a topic that emerged in recent years as an important but previously overlooked process. Implicit learning is learning that takes place independent ... More


Introduction

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

It is becoming standard for sociologists to preface their books with a brief autobiography. This I have done, emphasizing belief in the potency of politics as the atmosphere of LSE in the 1940s. A ... More


Faith and Its Critics: A Conversation

David Fergusson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569380
eISBN:
9780191702051
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569380.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book discusses numerous wide-ranging, topical issues of faith, using various illustrations from contemporary life. It provides a historical, social, and rhetorical context for the ‘new atheism’, ... More


Monkey in the Middle: Hanuman and His Kin in Transcultural Discourse

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter focuses on a theme implicit in much of the book: the relationship of Hanuman's simian form to the mediatory religious role he assumes and to the “messages” he so effectively delivers. It ... More


Marx and Darwin: A Reconsideration

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Many commentators have claimed that Marx's materialist conception of history owes something to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. Why else, they ask, would Marx have offered to dedicate a ... More


Gay Marriage and Liberal Constitutionalism: Two Mistakes

Robin West

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This argument for gay marriage based on its seamless sameness with straight marriage and the “equality” and equal treatment that sameness demands, deprives us of the opportunity to not only argue for ... More


An Uneasy Engagement: Chinese Ideas of Global Order and Justice in Historical Perspective

Rana Mitter

in Order and Justice in International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251209
eISBN:
9780191599293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251207.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Mitter's study argues that until the late Qing, concepts of international order and justice were alien to China's imperial rulers. Subsequently, however, in the nineteenth and early twentieth ... More


 After the Civil War: Auguste Comte's Theory of History Crosses the Atlantic

Andrew Witmer

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

During the second half of the nineteenth century, American intellectuals found much to argue over in the writings of Auguste Comte. A French social theorist generally credited as the founder of ... More


 World War I and After: Godlessness and the Scopes Trial

Kevin M. Schultz

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In “Godlessness and the Scopes Trial,” Kevin M. Schultz examines the most famous battle over religion in the 1920s, and perhaps the most famous battle in the entirety of the twentieth century, the ... More


HOW THE EXISTENCE OF GOD EXPLAINS THE WORLD AND ITS ORDER

Richard Swinburne

in Is There a God?

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The Universe is governed by very simple laws of nature which exist (together with the boundary conditions of the universe) to produce humans. God may be expected to produce a universe like this ... More


HOW THE EXISTENCE OF GOD EXPLAINS THE EXISTENCE OF HUMANS

Richard Swinburne

in Is There a God?

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Each human being consists of two parts: an immaterial soul (the essential part) and a body. Souls have mental properties (sensations, thoughts, purposes, etc.) while bodies have physical properties ... More


Reading Genesis after Darwin

Stephen C. Barton and David Wilkinson (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

In the ongoing, often fraught dialogue in the West between science and religion, the interpretation of the accounts of creation in the book of Genesis has often been contentious. Coinciding with the ... More


Boas

W. Underhill James

in Humboldt, Worldview and Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748638420
eISBN:
9780748671809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638420.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This short chapter stresses the importance of Franz Boas’ empirical field research for the study of languages and anthropology, and especially for doing away with the idea of ‘primitive’ languages. ... More


Darwinian Renaissance

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the emergence of evolutionary synthesis. Evolutionary synthesis — the coming together of naturalists and geneticists concerning Darwinism and Mendelism — happened in the 1930s ... More


Darwin's Champions

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on champions of Darwin's evolutionary theory, the most prominent being Thomas Henry Huxley in the UK and Ernst Haeckel in Germany. Topics discussed include man's place in nature, ... More


Darwinism and Sociopolitical Thought

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how Darwin succeeded in capturing a wide audience of scientists and non-scientists. Darwinian theory was used to support all types of political and ideological positions, from ... More


“Male and Female He Created Them” (Genesis 1:27): Interpreting Gender after Darwin

Stephen C. Barton

in Reading Genesis after Darwin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

Beginning with Darwin's almost religious awe at the wonder of natural selection, this chapter moves to an account of the ambiguous legacy of Darwin's views on gender, including the support they ... More


Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Edward S. Reed

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book reorients modern psychology by finding a viable middle ground between the study of nerve cells and cultural analysis. The emerging field of ecological psychology focuses on the “human ... More


Genesis before Darwin: Why Scripture Needed Liberating from Science

Francis Watson

in Reading Genesis after Darwin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

It is commonly assumed that "Darwin" represents the triumph of scientific rationality over scripture and superstition—an assumption combining ignorance of history with a philosophically naïve account ... More


Genesis and the Scientists: Dissonance among the Harmonizers

John Hedley Brooke

in Reading Genesis after Darwin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

This chapter examines attempts made to harmonize the creation narratives with geology before the impact of Darwinism. Despite a vastly greater age for the earth and the problem of extinction, ... More


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