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Why Intelligent Design Is Not Science

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although strongly supported by multiple lines of evidence and relevant to many “real world” problems, Darwinian evolution remains a battleground in the culture wars. A variant of creationism, known ... More


INFORMATION PROCESSING BY BIOLOGICAL AND ARTIFICIAL SMART STRUCTURES

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a brief survey of the history of logical thought, and of the basics of the interplay of natural processes that have led to the evolution of computational intelligence, both ... More


Molecular Evolution and Microbial Phylogeny

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the development of methods by biologists for tracing life back billions of years to investigate early microbial evolution and create a universal phylogeny. These explorations ... More


Design Discourse

Alvin Plantinga

in Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812097
eISBN:
9780199928590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812097.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 7 focused on cosmological fine-tuning arguments for the conclusion that our world has been designed. This chapter considers biological arguments for the same conclusion. Chief among these is ... More


The Dynamic Genome: A Darwinian Approach

Antonio Fontdevila

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199541379
eISBN:
9780191728532
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541379.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

The ever‐increasing knowledge of whole genome sequences is unveiling a variety of new structures and mechanisms that impinge on current evolutionary theory. The origin of species, the evolution of ... More


Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and Evolution

Edward J. Larson

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154719
eISBN:
9780199849505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154719.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book traces the coverage, or lack thereof, of evolution in textbooks used in American public schools from the mid–1800s to the present. While the teaching of Darwinian evolution was common and ... More


Process Thinking and Collectivist Environmental Ethics

Clare Palmer

in Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269526
eISBN:
9780191683664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269526.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Contrary to the individualist approaches that were discussed in the previous chapters, some environmental ethicists have considered a collectivist approach. The two different approaches are not ... More


Inventing a psychology of language

Willem J.M. Levelt

in A History of Psycholinguistics: The Pre-Chomskyan Era

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653669
eISBN:
9780191742040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653669.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter takes a look at efforts to identify the origins of language. It studies research that was conducted on language from the Enlightenment until the romanticism period, and then identifies ... More


Cosmological and Design Arguments

Alexander R. Pruss and Richard M. Gale

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The cosmological and teleological argument both start with some contingent feature of the actual world and argue that the best or only explanation of that feature is that it was produced by an ... More


“Radical” or “Conservative”? The Origin and Early Reception of Punctuated Equilibrium

David Sepkoski

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter investigates the origin and early history of the theory of punctuated equilibrium, from its first articulation in 1971 through subsequent revision and reaction into the early 1980s. It ... More


Evolution

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

After having discussed how life might have originated in the early Earth (chapter 6), chapter 7 looks at how living organisms evolve by natural selection. It does that from a quantitative ... More


Gill Gymnastics

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Mushrooms release astonishing numbers of spores. A large bracket fungus discharges 30 billion spores every day, which amounts to five trillion spores during its six months of activity each year. ... More


The ultimate reality

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695270
eISBN:
9780191731945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Like most religions, Christianity begins with claims about ultimate reality. Although many have tried to invalidate all questions of ultimacy, it turns out to be difficult to dismiss such questions ... More


The Informational Nature of Biological Causality

Alvaro Moreno and Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the kind of organization that is required to support Darwinian evolution, with particular interest in the type of material mechanisms and causal relationships underlying that ... More


The Kinetic Theory of Culture

Tim Lewens

in Cultural Evolution: Conceptual Challenges

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199674183
eISBN:
9780191810688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674183.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter makes a case for kinetic theories of culture as the most informative approaches to cultural evolution. The meme theory is dismissed on the grounds that it assumes the existence of ... More


Purpose and Cause

Andrew Steane

in Science and Humanity: A Humane Philosophy of Science and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198824589
eISBN:
9780191863370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824589.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The distinction between purpose (‘in order that what?’) and cause (‘owing to what?’) is spelled out. The aim is to unpick the confusion of these concepts that takes place in the writing of Richard ... More


The Gender of Automata in Victorian Britain

M. Norton Wise

in Genesis Redux: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Artificial Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226720807
eISBN:
9780226720838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720838.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter looks at a problem regarding sex ratios, those involving automata, and explores the implications of Darwinian evolution for Victorian ideas about women, as instantiated in the ... More


Science and Humanity: A Humane Philosophy of Science and Religion

Andrew Steane

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198824589
eISBN:
9780191863370
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824589.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This volume offers an in-depth presentation of the structure of science and the nature of the physical world, with a view to showing how it complements and does not replace other types of human ... More


The Structure of Science, Part 2

Andrew Steane

in Science and Humanity: A Humane Philosophy of Science and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198824589
eISBN:
9780191863370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824589.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The discussion of the previous chapter is extended to the rest of science, especially biology. The Embodiment Principle is introduced. This is a statement intended to capture correctly how scientific ... More


The Decline of Authority

Keith Thomson

in Private Doubt, Public Dilemma: Religion and Science since Jefferson and Darwin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300203677
eISBN:
9780300213409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300203677.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses how the word “evolution” can also be applied more generally to change. Darwinian evolution emerged alongside various new social movements involving change rather than stasis, ... More


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