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Natural Selection in the Abstract

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter studies the logic of evolution by natural selection and the origin of the levels of selection question. The abstract nature of the core Darwinian principles, and thus their potential ... More


Nietzsche's New Darwinism

John Richardson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195171037
eISBN:
9780199786084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171039.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Nietzsche wrote in a scientific culture transformed by Darwin. He read extensively in German and about British Darwinists, and his own works dealt often with such obvious Darwinian themes as struggle ... More


Constructing for Understanding

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter shows that the artificial system constructed in this study demonstrates how speech codes, sharing important properties with those of humans, could be created in a population of agents in ... More


Conclusion

Thomas Nagel

in Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This concluding chapter summarizes the main points made in earlier chapters. It emphasizes that philosophy has to proceed comparatively, and the best anyone can do is to fully and carefully develop ... More


Introduction

Tim J. Crow

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This book reflects an attempt to cross the interdisciplinary boundaries between archaeology, palaeontology, neuropsychology, neuroanatomy, genetics and evolutionary theory to approach the problem of ... More


Molecular Evolution and Microbial Phylogeny

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the development of methods by biologists for tracing life back billions of years to investigate early microbial evolution and create a universal phylogeny. These explorations ... More


Why Intelligent Design Is Not Science

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although strongly supported by multiple lines of evidence and relevant to many “real world” problems, Darwinian evolution remains a battleground in the culture wars. A variant of creationism, known ... More


Introduction: Darwin in Deep Heaven

Sanford Schwartz

in C. S. Lewis on the Final Frontier: Science and the Supernatural in the Space Trilogy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374728
eISBN:
9780199871506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374728.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The Introduction situates Lewis’s Space Trilogy in the context of the 1930s and surveys the distinctive features of this study, suggesting that contrary to his self-styled image as an intellectual ... More


Out of the Silent Planet: Cosmic Anthropology: Race and Reason on Planet Mars

Sanford Schwartz

in C. S. Lewis on the Final Frontier: Science and the Supernatural in the Space Trilogy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374728
eISBN:
9780199871506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374728.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter examines the first novel in the series, Out of the Silent Planet. It is based on the premise that the physically damaged but “unfallen” world of Malacandra (Mars) is a sublimated or ... More


That Hideous Strength: A Specter Haunting Britain: Gothic Reenchantment on Planet Earth

Sanford Schwartz

in C. S. Lewis on the Final Frontier: Science and the Supernatural in the Space Trilogy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374728
eISBN:
9780199871506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374728.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter addresses the final volume of the series, That Hideous Strength, which abandons “interplanetary romance” for a story modeled on the terrestrial “supernatural thrillers” of Lewis’s fellow ... More


The Eternal Paradox

John C. Avise

in Inside the Human Genome: A Case for Non-Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393439
eISBN:
9780199775415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393439.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Why do biological imperfections and suffering exist in a world governed by a loving deity? This is the age‐old theodicy dilemma. This chapter examines theological and scientific (evolutionary) ... More


Grandparental and Extended Kin Relationships

Harald A. Euler and Richard L. Michalski

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that grandparenthood may trigger psychological adaptations with relationship-specific features. Grandparental investment cannot be understood adequately without consideration of ... More


Reading Genesis 1–3 in the Light of Modern Science

David Wilkinson

in Reading Genesis after Darwin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

The first chapters of Genesis have been enrolled into scientific creationism by some Christian groups or completely rejected by some scientists for their lack of relevance to the concerns of ... More


Darwin's Bards: British and American Poetry in the Age of Evolution

John Holmes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639403
eISBN:
9780748652174
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639403.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Is a Darwinian universe necessarily a godless one? What might Darwinism tell us about the nature of God? Is Darwinism compatible with immortality, and if not, how can we face death or the loss of ... More


Introduction

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter describes the main themes of the book, placing them within the context of the scientific and cultural milieu from which the eugenics movement and its religious supporters ... More


Re-Imaging the Galapagos

Jil Evans

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores and compares the aesthetics and cogency of two images of the Galapagos Islands: a theistic and a naturalist view of the archipelago and nature itself. While naturalism seems ... More


The ultimate reality

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695270
eISBN:
9780191731945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Like most religions, Christianity begins with claims about ultimate reality. Although many have tried to invalidate all questions of ultimacy, it turns out to be difficult to dismiss such questions ... More


INFORMATION PROCESSING BY BIOLOGICAL AND ARTIFICIAL SMART STRUCTURES

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a brief survey of the history of logical thought, and of the basics of the interplay of natural processes that have led to the evolution of computational intelligence, both ... More


Useful Knowledge as an Evolving System: The View from Economic History

Joel Mokyr

in The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, III: Current Perspectives and Future Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162592
eISBN:
9780199850495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162592.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter develops an evolutionary approach to the process of technological innovation. It shows how a theory of knowledge evolution can be executed in a manner analogous to the Darwinian models ... More


Cosmological and Design Arguments

Alexander R. Pruss and Richard M. Gale

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The cosmological and teleological argument both start with some contingent feature of the actual world and argue that the best or only explanation of that feature is that it was produced by an ... More


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