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Xerxes: motivation and explanation (Books VII–IX)

Emily Baragwanath

in Motivation and Narrative in Herodotus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231294
eISBN:
9780191710797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231294.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the interaction of ascriptions of motivation with wider patterns of explanation for Xerxes' failure, illustrating how, for example, specific attributions of motive—particularly ... More


The Campaigns of Alexander the Great

David J. Lonsdale

in The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608638
eISBN:
9780191731754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608638.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

By the time of his death in 323 BC, Alexander the Great had added the Persian Empire to Macedon's European territories, thus controlling most of the world as known to the ancient Greeks. In Chapter ... More


Persian Success: Conquest and Kingship, 525–518

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Thanks to Egyptian political discord, Persian conquest of Egypt, undertaken by Cambyses, was surprisingly easy. But the Persians were well aware of the need to hold on to Egypt and the difficulties ... More


Managing Egypt, 518–415

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Persia's Egyptian situation was the key to Persian involvements elsewhere. This meant that with Egypt secure after 518, Darius was free to undertake expansionistic enterprise beyond existing ... More


Losing Egypt, 415–400

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Persia's continuing control of Egypt depended on the continuing submissiveness of independent-minded Delta dynasts, who were very astute in identifying moments of imperial weakness or vulnerability ... More


From Artaxerxes III to Alexander III, 342–332

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0020
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter sorts out the meager evidence for developments between Artaxerxes III's recovery of Egypt in 343/2 and Alexander's takeover of Egypt in 332. Despite apparent Persian success in the 340s, ... More


Herodotus and Eastern Myths and Logoi: Deioces the Mede and Pythius the Lydian

Rosalind Thomas

in Myth, Truth, and Narrative in Herodotus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693979
eISBN:
9780191745324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693979.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the looser type of legend and story patterns familiar to Herodotus' audience. It considers the possibility of legends and stories that seem to belong primarily to the Persian or ... More


Accession

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's accession to the throne as king of the Persian Empire, replacing his father Darius I (the Great). It begins with a background on Darius's rise to power; he had become ... More


The Persian Empire

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter provides an overview of the Persian Empire during Xerxes's reign. After ascending the throne, Xerxes set about the business of governing his empire. The Persian Empire had been founded ... More


The Religion of Xerxes

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's religion, with particular emphasis on his mission to establish Zoroastrianism at the expense of all other religions. According to Shahnameh, Xerxes is a strongly ... More


Invasion (I): The Cornerstone of Greek Freedom

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's invasion of Greece in 480 B.C. When Darius I died in 486 B.C., Xerxes inherited his problems with his kingdom. Perhaps he was always under the shadow of his great ... More


Persepolis

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's preoccupation with the building of Persepolis after his failed campaign in Greece. Persepolis is considered one of the most famous ruins of antiquity. It was begun by ... More


Erōs and Ambition in the Alexander–Caesar

Jeffrey Beneker

in The Passionate Statesman: Erõs and Politics in Plutarch's Lives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695904
eISBN:
9780191741319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695904.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines the Alexander–Caesar, and in particular Plutarch's interpretation of Alexander's victory over the Persian king Darius III and Julius Caesar's victory over his Roman political ... More


Conspiracies

E. Badian

in Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198152873
eISBN:
9780191715136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152873.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Alexander the Great, in one known case, believed in a conspiracy that did not exist, on the part of supporters of Cleitus. Anyone accused of suspecting conspiracies on the part of Alexander, where ... More


Alexander the Great and the Kingship of Asia

Ernst Fredricksmeyer

in Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198152873
eISBN:
9780191715136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152873.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter argues that Alexander the Great's kingship of Asia, as proclaimed in 331 BC, did not mean, as is often thought, the Persian kingship, but was a unique creation of Alexander himself. In ... More


Rural Experiences: The Western Desert

Henry P. Colburn

in Archaeology of Empire in Achaemenid Egypt

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474452366
eISBN:
9781474476454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474452366.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter is concerned with the Dakhla and Kharga Oases in the Western Desert. This was an obscure region, considered by the Egyptians to be outside of Egypt proper. Population there was limited, ... More


Representation and Identity

Henry P. Colburn

in Archaeology of Empire in Achaemenid Egypt

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474452366
eISBN:
9781474476454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474452366.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter considers the construction of individual identities and their representations in various visual media. The prevailing view has been that the 27th Dynasty was characterized by artistic ... More


The Impact of the Persian Wars on Classical Greece 1

P. J. Rhodes

in Cultural Responses to the Persian Wars: Antiquity to the Third Millennium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279678
eISBN:
9780191707261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279678.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines some of the key ways in which the memory of Darius' and Xerxes' campaigns influenced subsequent events (and the ways in which those events were portrayed) until the final ... More


Joining the club: a Tongan ‘akau in New England

Ivan Gaskell

in Curatopia: Museums and the future of curatorship

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526118196
eISBN:
9781526142016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526118196.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter examines the place of Oceanic clubs in New England collections. During the nineteenth century, they occupied an equivocal position in the New England mental repertory as indices of ... More


The politics of Persian autocracy, 424–334 BC

Stephen Ruzicka

in Ancient Tyranny

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748621255
eISBN:
9780748651047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621255.003.0052
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Is there a story of Persian politics in the fourth century BC that can be reconstructed? If so, how does it illuminate other events? Another way to put this is to ask: does Persian autocracy have a ... More


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