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Introduction

Holloway Kenneth W.

in Guodian: The Newly Discovered Seeds of Chinese Religious and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371451
eISBN:
9780199870653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371451.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter introduces the problem of recently excavated texts from Guodian being seen as nothing more than new ways to support old ideas about the glorious Chinese tradition. Sources of this ... More


The Shenzi Fragments: A Philosophical Analysis and Translation

Eirik Lang Harris

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231177665
eISBN:
9780231542166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177665.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Shenzi Fragments is the first complete translation in any Western language of the extant work of Shen Dao (350–275 B.C.E.). Though his writings have been recounted and interpreted in many texts, ... More


Intellectual Breakthroughs in the Tang-Song Transition

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Sixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178587
eISBN:
9780231542012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

Describing the rise and development of Neo-Confucianism as the third and last major intellectual breakthrough in traditional China, this essay demonstrates the “prime mover” behind the breakthrough ... More


Notes on Some Vegetarian Halls in Hong Kong Belonging to the Sect of Hsien-T’ien Tao (The Way of Former Heaven): (1968)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Members of the Society visited four vegetarian halls at Ngau Chi Wan, Kowloon, belonging to a religious sect called Hsien-t'ien Tao [Xiantian Dao]. The notes in this chapter are based on materials ... More


The Subjectivity of Nature

James Miller

in China's Green Religion: Daoism and the Quest for a Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231175869
eISBN:
9780231544535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175869.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Daoism proposes a radical reversal of the way that modern human beings think about the natural world. Rather than understanding human beings as “subject” who observe the “objective” world of nature, ... More


On Learning

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of an essay in which Zhang continues to explore and expand upon the themes one finds in “On the Dao.” Zhang himself describes the essay as a further ... More


Shen Dao’s Political Philosophy

Eirik Lang Harris

in The Shenzi Fragments: A Philosophical Analysis and Translation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231177665
eISBN:
9780231542166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177665.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Builds up a picture of Shen Dao’s political philosophy by focusing on his analyses of the source, nature, and justification of political organization and order. I argue that his thought can only be ... More


From Self to Sage

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The traditions of Confucianism, Daoism, and their later adoption of and adaptation by Buddhism envisioned a world that, re-described in modern parlance, is composed of shifting, fractal dimensions in ... More


Between the Heavenly and the Human

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Sixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178587
eISBN:
9780231542012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This article traces the origin and development of the first spiritual awakening in Chinese intellectual tradition during what some scholars call the age of “axial breakthrough”. It defines this ... More


Reorientation of Confucian Social Thought in the Age of Wang Yangming

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Sixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178587
eISBN:
9780231542012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

This essay examines how the most notable Neo-Confucian scholar Wang Yangming (1472-1529) re-oriented his Confucian project in the context of Ming despotism. It argues that Confucianism took a ... More


Some Preliminary Observations on the Rise of Qing Confucian Intellectualism

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Seventeenth Century Through Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178600
eISBN:
9780231542005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178600.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This essay describes the internal development of Neo-Confucianism from the Song (960-1279) to the Qing (1644-1911). It sees the central problem in Qing intellectual history as arising from a renewed ... More


Confucianism and China’s Encounter with the West in Historical Perspective

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Seventeenth Century Through Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178600
eISBN:
9780231542005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178600.003.0018
Subject:
History, Asian History

This study takes issue with Samuel P. Huntington’s identification of the Chinese Communists as “Confucians” and discussion of contemporary China in terms of Confucianism. It gives a brief account of ... More


Chan “Dialogues” from the Tang Dynasty

Alan Cole

in Patriarchs on Paper: A Critical History of Medieval Chan Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520284067
eISBN:
9780520959750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284067.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter explores “Chan dialogue,” considering two dialogue texts from the Tang dynasty. The Discourse on the Essentials of Cultivating Mind was, at some point, attributed to Hongren, though its ... More


Bei Dao and World Literature

Jacob Edmond

in A Common Strangeness: Contemporary Poetry, Cross-Cultural Encounter, Comparative Literature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242597
eISBN:
9780823242634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242597.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter reframes the extensive critical debate about translation, globalization, and national and world literatures sparked by the work of Chinese poet Bei Dao 北岛. It argues that Bei Dao’s ... More


Path to Eternity: A Message to Journalists

Kim Iryŏp

in Reflections of a Zen Buddhist Nun

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838782
eISBN:
9780824871468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838782.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

In this chapter, Kim Iryŏp argues that the goal of human beings is to attain peace and calm, exert an independent mind, and achieve life energy or saengmyŏng. According to Iryŏp, this life energy is ... More


Ge Hong’s Doctrine of Xuan Dao

Ji Zhang

in One and Many: A Comparative Study of Plato's Philosophy and Daoism Represented by Ge Hong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835545
eISBN:
9780824871291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835545.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter looks at Ge Hong's doctrine of Xuan Dao in his book Baopuzi, stating that Daoist texts bear similarity to alchemical cycles of transformation to refine essential meanings beneath the ... More


Ge Hong’s Preservation of the One

Ji Zhang

in One and Many: A Comparative Study of Plato's Philosophy and Daoism Represented by Ge Hong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835545
eISBN:
9780824871291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835545.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter turns to Daoist epistemology, specifically, Ge Hong's preservation of the One. Unlike Plato's abstract reasoning, Ge Hong's notion of knowledge is empirical. It neither regards reason as ... More


Two Forms of Enlightenment

Ji Zhang

in One and Many: A Comparative Study of Plato's Philosophy and Daoism Represented by Ge Hong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835545
eISBN:
9780824871291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835545.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter initially looks at various passages mainly in the Republic to understand the theory of Forms that defined ontology in degrees, with an intent to identify the antithesis of transcendence ... More


Zhuangzi

Paul Contino

in Finding Wisdom in East Asian Classics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153973
eISBN:
9780231527194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153973.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on Chinese philosopher Zhuangzhi, who lived in the fourth century bce, in the thick of China's hazardous Warring States period. He witnessed the irritable reaching after fact and ... More


Decentralizing Control and Naturalizing Cosmic Agency: Bodily Conformism and Individualism

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines fourth-century BCE writings that address bodily conformism at a more universal level. Zhuangzi in particular spoke of spiritual attainment in terms of the relatively ... More


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