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Moral Intuitions, Cognitive Psychology, and the Harming/Not-Aiding Distinction

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Previous chapters have made liberal use of intuitive judgments about cases and principles. The book has also discussed the difference of opinion between some nonconsequentialists and some ... More


A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Jie W. Weiss and David J. Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Ward Edwards is well known as the father of behavioral decision making. In his 1954 Psychological Bulletin paper on decision making, he brought psychological ideas into what had been the province of ... More


The Collapse of Cold War Rationality

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From the 1970s well into the 1990s, psychological research on human rationality was dominated by the so-called heuristics-and-biases approach as developed by Daniel Kahneman, Amos Tversky, and ... More


Bearing Up in The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African

Daniel M. Gross

in Uncomfortable Situations: Emotion between Science and the Humanities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226485034
eISBN:
9780226485171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226485171.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Methodologically, chapter 2 offers a corrective to certain cognitive and Darwinist approaches to literature while developing a more detailed example of emotion, or affect criticism. It picks up a ... More


Mixed Feelings in Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility

Daniel M. Gross

in Uncomfortable Situations: Emotion between Science and the Humanities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226485034
eISBN:
9780226485171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226485171.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Mixed feelings, the topic of Chapter 4, are famously at the heart of Jane Austen's novel Sense and Sensibility (1811), and we think we know what that means, like a recipe: combine two parts a feeling ... More


Decision Making

Robert G. Hagstrom

in Investing: The Last Liberal Art, Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160100
eISBN:
9780231531016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160100.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the importance of decision making in the art and science of investing. It begins by looking at Shane Frederick's research on cognitive reasoning, and in particular how readily ... More


Psychology

Robert G. Hagstrom

in Investing: The Last Liberal Art, Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160100
eISBN:
9780231531016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160100.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the relevance of psychology to the world of investing. Psychologists are concerned with understanding all workings of the brain—the part that controls cognition (the process of ... More


Health and Happiness

Daniel M. Hausman

in Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190233181
eISBN:
9780190233204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233181.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Paul Dolan and others have suggested that health should be evaluated in terms of mental states or subjective experience rather than by preferences. This chapter examines Dolan and Kahneman’s argument ... More


Are Intuitions Heuristics?

S. Matthew Liao

in Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199357666
eISBN:
9780199357697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357666.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many philosophers appeal to intuitions as evidence for the truth of philosophical claims. However, what, if anything, gives intuitions their evidentiary status? In recent years, it has become ... More


Alternative Measures and Taxonomies

Aaron Z. Zimmerman

in Belief: A Pragmatic Picture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198809517
eISBN:
9780191846854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809517.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Those advancing formal models of rational choice, action, and judgment tend to follow F. Ramsey (1931) in defining degrees of belief in terms of a person’s willingness to risk money, happiness, and ... More


VALUE IN NEOCLASSICAL ECONOMICS

Patrick L. Anderson

in The Economics of Business Valuation: Towards a Value Functional Approach

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804758307
eISBN:
9780804783224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758307.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The neoclassical model is familiar to generations of college students. This chapter reviews the emergence of the neoclassical or “marginalist” school of economics in the late 19th century, and its ... More


Epilogue

Ivan Moscati

in Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The epilogue reviews the key passages in the history of economists’ ideas, discussions, and research on the measurability of utility between 1870 and 1985 and points to three main research programs ... More


How One Becomes What One Is: The Case for a Nietzschean Conception of Character Development

Mark Alfano

in Questions of Character

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199357703
eISBN:
9780199357734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357703.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter makes a novel argument to the effect that Nietzsche’s conception of character is to be commended on empirical grounds. The chapter draws three ideas from Nietzsche: the disunity of the ... More


The Disparity

Quassim Cassam

in Self-Knowledge for Humans

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199657575
eISBN:
9780191793110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657575.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Key aspects of the disparity between homo sapiens and homo philosophicus are identified and discussed. These include ‘fast thinking’ in Kahneman’s sense, belief-perseverance, attitude-recalcitrance, ... More


Halfway to Modernity

Neil Coffee

in Gift and Gain: How Money Transformed Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190496432
eISBN:
9780190496456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496432.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter summarizes the argument for the historical decline in Roman gift culture due to increasing commodity culture, drawing together the various strands of evidence. Cross-culturally, it ... More


Justified Belief and Epistemically Responsible Action

Hilary Kornblith

in A Naturalistic Epistemology: Selected Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712459
eISBN:
9780191780783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712459.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A theory of justified belief is presented which ties the notion of justification to that of responsibility. A belief is said to be justified just in case it is the product of epistemically ... More


Rationalizability and Irrationality

Scott Sehon

in Free Will and Action Explanation: A Non-Causal, Compatibilist Account

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198758495
eISBN:
9780191818394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758495.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One might object that the teleological account overemphasizes rationalizability and thereby ties agency too closely to rationality. This chapter clarifies and defends the teleological account by ... More


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