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Marriage and Rebellion

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

On January 1, 1684, Daniel Defoe married Mary Tuffley. The economy of England at this time resembled that of what is now called a developing nation. In his The Compleat English Tradesman, Defoe gave ... More


Far-Fetched Facts and Fiction

Neil Rennie

in Far-Fetched Facts: The Literature of Travel and the Idea of the South Seas

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198186274
eISBN:
9780191674471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198186274.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature

Madagascar: or, Robert Drury's Journal, during Fifteen Years Captivity on that Island, published in London in 1729, presents what seems like a paradox. Although the journal is ... More


From Public Journalist to Lunar Philosopher

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0023
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Almost everything Daniel Defoe published provoked attacks upon him and his ideas. He was now a public figure, and if he had some right to complain about slanders concerning him and his life, he also ... More


Enter Henry Baker

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0056
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Some time in 1724 Henry Baker, an aspiring poet with a unique ability to teach deaf children to speak and to give them a general education, began a journey from Enfield to Stoke Newington where he ... More


From Pilloried Libeller to Government Propagandist

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In his letter of July 12, 1703, to William Penn, Daniel Defoe pointed out that he had been urged by some friends to take advantage of his bail to flee. He apparently thought that he might yet avoid ... More


Defoe as Spy and Whig Propagandist

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0024
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Daniel Defoe was to continue his plea for harmony between those forces for unity and moderation in the nation and his attack on the Tories and the High Church in two works that had been drafted ... More


How to Sell Out While Keeping One’s Integrity (Somewhat) Intact in That ‘Lunatick Age’ 1

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0028
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In a series of essays in the Review beginning June 17, 1710, Daniel Defoe expressed his despair over what he saw to be the coming downfall of the Whigs and the triumph of the Tories and High Church. ... More


Creating Fictional Worlds

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0054
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

There was an intimate relationship between Daniel Defoe’s fiction and his way of thinking about the world. His claim to gentility during the crisis over The Shortest Way with the Dissenters had been ... More


These Dangerous Times: Or Wild Doings in This World 1

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0046
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Daniel Defoe chose to retain his identity as a Whig while accepting the policies of what was looking more like a Tory government with each passing day. A crucial moment came with the attempted ... More


Times When Honest Men Must Reserve Themselves for Better Fortunes

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0049
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Whigs such as John Dunton were intent to have Robert Harley executed for treason and all who served him punished. In defending Harley, Defoe was also protecting himself. Henry St John Bolingbroke had ... More


Corrector General of the Press: A Digression on Defoe as a Journalist

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0050
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

It was not until August 24, 1717 that Read’s Weekly Journal noted Daniel Defoe’s apparent control over a large number of journals and particularly over what was the most forceful anti-government ... More


Propagandist for William III

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

From a political standpoint, Daniel Defoe was already what was called a ‘Court Whig’ by the middle of the 1690s, and he retained that identification proudly into the reign of Queen Anne. As Reed ... More


The True-Born Englishman and Other Satires

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0019
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

On February 15, 1700, Daniel Defoe celebrated the coming of the new century by publishing a poem, The Pacificator, on the state of wit and poetry in England. The poem is actually about the politics ... More


An Age of Plot and Deceit, of Contradiction and Paradox

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0020
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

When William III died in March 1702, Daniel Defoe knew that he had lost a patron of a character he would never see again. In his autobiographical Appeal to Honour and Justice of 1715, Defoe expressed ... More


In Limbo Between Causes and Masters

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0026
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Daniel Defoe stayed in Edinburgh to engage in keeping the lines of communication open between England and Scotland and in defending the Union against those, such as the minister James Webster, who ... More


Last Productive Years

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0057
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Free from the obligations of his journalism, Daniel Defoe might have been able to nurse his ailing body and wander in the garden of his house at Stoke Newington contemplating the ‘Chequer-work’ of ... More


Sinking Under the Weight of Affliction

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0058
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Daniel Defoe’s personal letters were preserved by the Baker family, including those wrangling over Sophia’s dowry. But in the letters of June 9, 1729, and August 12, 1730, Defoe wrote as a father ... More


‘Writing History Sheet by Sheet’: Defoe, The Review, and The Storm

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0022
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

On February 19, 1704, Daniel Defoe brought out his first issue of a newspaper entitled A Weekly Review of the Affairs of France: Purg’d from the Errors and Partiality of News-Writers, and Petty ... More


A ‘True Spy’ in Scotland

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0025
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Daniel Defoe left for Scotland on September 13, 1706. If his letters to Robert Harley are any indication of his state of mind, he had spent much of the summer trying to pacify his creditors and to ... More


After Crusoe:: Pirate Adventures, Military Memoirs and the South Sea Scandal

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0053
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

The success of Robinson Crusoe did not appear to change Daniel Defoe’s reputation very much with his fellow authors. Prose fiction was not yet a respectable genre, and Charles Gildon had already ... More


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