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A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Peter Zachar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In psychiatry, almost no one questions the legitimacy of asking whether a given psychiatric disorder is real. Similarly, in psychology, scholars debate the reality of such theoretical entities as ... More


Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

James C. Raines (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Schools have become the default mental health providers for children and adolescents, but they are often poorly equipped to meet the mental health needs of their students. The introduction tackles ... More


Is Narcissistic Personality Disorder Real?

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the diagnosis of personality disorder in general and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in particular. After reviewing the history of the construct of NPD, the reasons why ... More


The Probability Dysfunction

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter moves toward a fundamental conceptual reorientation of disorder around risk by engaging directly the three major competing theories within the philosophy of medicine, those of Boorse, ... More


The Practical Ethics of Predictive Markers in Diagnosis: Can Risk Banding Address the Ethical Controversy Surrounding “Psychosis Risk Syndrome” and “Preclinical Alzheimer’s Disease”?

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter illustrates some of the benefits of conceiving of disorder in terms of probability of harm (a Probability Dysfunction), one of which is the possibility to recognize that specific ... More


Introduction

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Approximately 10–20% of students experience a mental health problem during their school-age years. The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) assumes school-based mental health providers will serve these ... More


Specific Learning Disorder

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Students with specific learning disorder (SLD) account for 35% of all students receiving special education services. In the DSM-5, SLD combines four previous diagnoses into one. The Individuals with ... More


Bipolar Disorders

Chris Ahlman

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) does not describe the typical symptoms noted by researchers of pediatric bipolar disorder under bipolar I or II ... More


Depressive Disorders

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

This chapter reviews the literature on depression in youth. Prevalence rates, which increase in the middle and high school years, are discussed, as is the importance of addressing depression in ... More


Eating Disorders

Elizabeth C. Pomeroy and Alice Tate Smith

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Eating disorders among school-age children have become an increasingly serious mental health concern over the past decade. Children and adolescents from 5 to 18 years old are being diagnosed with ... More


Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Shantel D. Crosby, Andy J. Frey, Gary Zornes, and Kristian Jones

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Students who meet criteria for disruptive, impulse control, and conduct disorders generally present with a wide range of challenging behaviors that impede their ability to function appropriately at ... More


Intersection of SFBT and Trauma

Johnny S. Kim and Adam S. Froerer

in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy with Clients Managing Trauma

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190678784
eISBN:
9780190678814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678784.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter lays the framework for the book by defining and discussing trauma as well as describing the many aspects of trauma. An overview on the research on trauma will be presented along with ... More


Substance Abuse and Recovery Through SFBT

Swathi M. Reddy, Kristin Bolton, Cynthia Franklin, and Karla Gonzalez Suitt

in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy with Clients Managing Trauma

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190678784
eISBN:
9780190678814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678784.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter describes how SFBT has been used in the treatment of substance use and relies on the clinical literature to illustrate interventions. Specific ways to engage clients with substance use ... More


Mental Health

Gianni Pirelli

in The Behavioral Science of Firearms: Implications for Mental Health, Law and Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190630430
eISBN:
9780190630454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630430.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

In this chapter, the authors provide a broad overview of diagnosable psychiatric disorders, their symptoms, and examples of current theoretical and empirical thought underlying these conditions. In ... More


The Diagnosis of Schizophrenia

Matthew M. Kurtz

in Schizophrenia and Its Treatment: Where Is the Progress?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199974443
eISBN:
9780190280246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974443.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Philosophers of science have long argued that establishment of reliable classificatory schemes is a crucial first step in the beginning of measurement in any science. This survey of the emergence of ... More


Psychiatric nosology and cognitive enhancement

Dan J. Stein

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

There has been renewed interest in psychiatric classification, with the recent development of the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the 11th edition of ... More


Schizophrenia Genetics: Experimental and Theoretical Approaches

Kenneth F. Schaffner

in Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195171402
eISBN:
9780190464103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171402.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

This chapter on schizophrenia genetics examines the experimental basis of searches for schizophrenia genes, new ways to think about them, and some preliminary results of the post-2005 genome-wide ... More


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