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Measuring Attention at the Behavioral Level: Rating Scales and Checklists

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 5 emphasizes the importance of examining attention at both the behavioral and cognitive levels. The current range of attention rating scales and more general Executive Function scales is ... More


Desire: Paraphilia and Distress in DSM-IV

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the concept of paraphilia as defined in the third and current fourth edition of the handbook of the American Psychiatric Association—the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of ... More


Defining Mental Disorder

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0031
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the “official” definition of mental disorders found in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). It defends the DSM definition ... More


A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Peter Zachar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In psychiatry, almost no one questions the legitimacy of asking whether a given psychiatric disorder is real. Similarly, in psychology, scholars debate the reality of such theoretical entities as ... More


Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Jeffrey Poland and Serife Tekin (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The subject of the book is the culture of crisis and controversy that exists in contemporary mental health research, following the publication of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical ... More


The Biologization of Everyday Suffering

Joseph E. Davis

in Chemically Imbalanced: Everyday Suffering, Medication, and Our Troubled Quest for Self-Mastery

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226686547
eISBN:
9780226686714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226686714.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

To express, explain, and validate their suffering and frame intervention, many people draw upon a “grammar” of institutionalized medical concepts and practices. The source of this grammar, the focus ... More


Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

James C. Raines (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Schools have become the default mental health providers for children and adolescents, but they are often poorly equipped to meet the mental health needs of their students. The introduction tackles ... More


Hearing Voices and Other Matters of the Mind: What Mental Abnormalities Can Teach Us About Religions

Robert N. McCauley and George Graham

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190091149
eISBN:
9780190091170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190091149.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

This book endorses an ecumenical naturalism toward all cognition, which will illuminate the long-recognized and striking similarities between features of mental disorders and features of religions. ... More


Game Over?: Internet Addiction, Gold Farming, and the Race Card in a Post-Racial Age

Tara Fickle

in The Race Card: From Gaming Technologies to Model Minorities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781479868551
eISBN:
9781479805686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479868551.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines recent controversies over internet addiction and Chinese gold farmers, players of World of Warcraft who make a living acquiring in-game virtual currency and selling it for real ... More


Neuroimaging in Clinical Psychiatry

Martha J. Farah and Seth J. Gillihan

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Diagnoses in psychiatry are based entirely on behavioral, not biological, criteria: though a small number of practitioners use functional brain imaging as a diagnostic tool, most psychiatrists ... More


Is Brain Stimulation an Alternative to ECT?

Max Fink MD

in Electroconvulsive Therapy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195365740
eISBN:
9780197562604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195365740.003.0016
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Interest in electricity in medicine, especially in psychiatric conditions, is as old as our knowledge of electricity as a controllable phenomenon. At the end of the ... More


Development of the perinatal mental health service in Kyushu Japan: Research and clinical perspective

Keiko Yoshida and Hiroshi Yamashita

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Postnatal depression (PND) in Japan, despite a traditional support system for perinatal women and cultural differences, is no less common than in western ... More


Introduction

Scott Herring

in The Hoarders: Material Deviance in Modern American Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226171685
eISBN:
9780226171852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226171852.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This Introduction refutes the claim that hoarding is a mental illness. It first surveys psychology texts and argues that hoarding has been incorrectly seen as a pathology whose classification can be ... More


Is Narcissistic Personality Disorder Real?

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the diagnosis of personality disorder in general and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in particular. After reviewing the history of the construct of NPD, the reasons why ... More


Introduction: Psychiatric Research and Extraordinary Science

Jeffrey Poland and Şerife Tekin (eds)

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter introduces the core thematic ideas of the present volume: that psychiatric research is in crisis, that it has entered a period of extraordinary science, and that a fully adequate ... More


RDoC’s Metaphysical Assumptions: Problems and Promises

Ginger A. Hoffman and Peter Zachar

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Critics contend that the categories within the DSM are fueling the current crisis in psychiatry because they are not valid. As a remedy, NIMH has established RDoC, a framework of psychological and ... More


Truth and Sanity: Positive Illusions, Spiritual Delusions, and Metaphysical Hallucinations

Owen Flanagan and George Graham

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

We criticize a worrisome trend in contemporary psychiatry that pathologizes normalcy on dubious epistemic grounds, on the naïve premise that mental health has some sort of clear, precise, and firm ... More


Role of the social environmental over the life course in the aetiology of psychiatric disorders

Stephen E. Gilman and Jessica R. Marden

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Psychiatric epidemiology has for decades been searching for the environmental origins of psychiatric disorders. If it is ultimately determined that environmental correlates of disorders are causes, ... More


Current State of Psychiatric Nosology

Michael B. First

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatric classifications categorize how patients present to mental health care professionals and are necessarily utilitarian. From the clinician’s perspective, the most important goal of a ... More


A Novel Framework for Improving Psychiatric Diagnostic Nosology

Shelly B. Flagel, Daniel S. Pine, Susanne E. Ahmari, Michael B. First, Karl J. Friston, Christoph Mathys, A. David Redish, Katharina Schmack, Jordan W. Smoller, and Anita Thapar

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a new framework for diagnostic nosology based on Bayesian principles. This novel integrative framework builds upon and improves the current diagnostic system in psychiatry. ... More


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