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From Physiognomy to DNA Testing: Developments in the Establishment of Paternity

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Focusing on the establishment of paternity in Egypt and other Muslim countries, this article demonstrates the ramifications of any initiative to reform the traditional concepts of family law. It ... More


Post-Conviction DNA Testing, Actual Innocence, and Cold Cases: A Practitioner’s Guide to Freeing the Innocent, Exhuming the Past, and Resurrecting the Truth—Making a Case for Seeking Justice over Finality

Steven W. Becker

in THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE 2016

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190848194
eISBN:
9780190848217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848194.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The article addresses the dramatic impact that post-conviction DNA testing has had on the criminal justice system in the United States, not only in effecting the release of innocent prisoners who ... More


DNA Tests for Genetic Genealogy

Alan McHughen

in DNA Demystified: Unravelling the Double Helix

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190092962
eISBN:
9780190092993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092962.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter covers the different types of direct to consumer DNA tests for genealogy. They are technically similar but a bit different from those used for medical and health conditions, as genealogy ... More


Certainty vs. Finality: Constitutional Rights to Postconviction DNA Testing

Jay D. Aronson

in Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.003.0065
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter describes how the arrival of DNA profiling, with its special claims to infallibility, intersected with habeas corpus claims, especially in death penalty cases. It investigates whether a ... More


Tracing Windblown Seeds: Genetic Information as a Biometric for Tracking Migrants

Sara H. Katsanis

in Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190909444
eISBN:
9780197539958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909444.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores how genetic information supersedes other technologies as a biometric for migrants lacking proof of identity. It also examines the inherent privacy and societal issues of using ... More


DNA: Up Close and Personal

Alan McHughen

in DNA Demystified: Unravelling the Double Helix

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190092962
eISBN:
9780190092993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092962.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

We now look at personal genetics and genomics, especially important with the rise of companies willing to analyze your own DNA (for a small fee, of course), giving you the raw genetic information ... More


8 A Closer Look: Prosecutors and Post-Conviction DNA Testing

Daniel S. Medwed

in Prosecution Complex: America's Race to Convict and Its Impact on the Innocent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796245
eISBN:
9780814764350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796245.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on prosecutorial resistance to post-conviction DNA testing of biological evidence. It begins with a brief primer on DNA and the scientific basis for DNA testing before moving to ... More


A Closer Look: Prosecutors and Post-Conviction DNA Testing

Daniel S. Medwed

in Prosecution Complex: America's Race to Convict and Its Impact on the Innocent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796245
eISBN:
9780814764350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796245.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on prosecutorial resistance to post-conviction DNA testing of biological evidence. It begins with a brief primer on DNA and the scientific basis for DNA testing before moving to ... More


Ancestry Testing and DNA: Uses, Limits, and Caveat Emptor

Troy Duster

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter explores the increasing direct consumer use of DNA tests for ancestry tracing as well as its capacities and limits. It also examines the use of Ancestral Informative Markers (AIMs) as a ... More


A Techno-Legal Controversy

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reviews a controversy about forensic DNA testing that ran for several years in the late 1980s and early 1990s and which was brought to a head in the legal domain, particularly in ... More


The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference

Ann Morning

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520270305
eISBN:
9780520950146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270305.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

What do Americans think “race” means? What determines one's race — appearance, ancestry, genes, or culture? How do education, government, and business influence our views on race? To unravel these ... More


Improving the Role of Science in Law

Robin Feldman

in The Role of Science in Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368581
eISBN:
9780199867455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368581.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Despite the many times that the law has stumbled in its interactions with science, there are examples where the law has gotten it right. This chapter describes some of these examples, using them to ... More


A Revolution in Forensic Science?

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the scientific revolution in forensic science. The book traces how forensic DNA testing attained such extraordinary status, ... More


Work to Be Done

Jill Elaine Hasday

in Intimate Lies and the Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190905941
eISBN:
9780190930233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905941.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter focuses on law reform. I argue that courts are more likely to reach wise decisions if they begin with a rebuttable presumption that a plaintiff suing a deceptive intimate will have the ... More


The Reproductive State: Nations, Citizens, and Kin

Anindita Majumdar

in Transnational Commercial Surrogacy and the (Un)Making of Kin in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199474363
eISBN:
9780199090822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474363.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality, Marriage and the Family

The birth of the child in transnational commercial surrogacy leads to a protracted process of staking claim. In this chapter, the focus is especially on the national and international laws that are ... More


7 Prosecutorial Resistance to Post-Conviction Claims of Innocence

Daniel S. Medwed

in Prosecution Complex: America's Race to Convict and Its Impact on the Innocent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796245
eISBN:
9780814764350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796245.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on prosecutorial resistance to post-conviction innocence claims that rely on DNA testing. It first considers the procedural hurdles in litigating post-conviction innocence ... More


Prosecutorial Resistance to Post-Conviction Claims of Innocence

Daniel S. Medwed

in Prosecution Complex: America's Race to Convict and Its Impact on the Innocent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796245
eISBN:
9780814764350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796245.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on prosecutorial resistance to post-conviction innocence claims that rely on DNA testing. It first considers the procedural hurdles in litigating post-conviction innocence claims ... More


Legal Discrimination against Unwed Mothers

in Tough Choices: Bearing an Illegitimate Child in Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761291
eISBN:
9780804772396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761291.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In Japan, single unwed mothers experience greater legal discrimination than other single mothers. These legal disadvantages are evident in the family register, a document that makes unwed mothers and ... More


A Former Battered Woman Celebrating Life After

Lorrie Sue McClary

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0074
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In this chapter, the author, a former battered woman, narrates her experience from the time she was released from prison on parole on October 24, 2005 after a few delays, to her finally coming home ... More


Fungal Diagnostics

Shila Seaton and Rohini J. Manuel

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

The field of fungal diagnostics encompasses tests that are performed to help diagnose fungal disease, guide its management, and or monitor the effectiveness of its treatment. For some superficial ... More


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