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Postclosure

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which examines the postclosure phase of the history of DNA profiling, discusses the extraordinary credibility currently assigned to DNA profiling and some of the legal implications of ... More


Science, Common Sense, and DNA Evidence

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines Regina v. Adams, a court case in the United Kingdom that challenged DNA evidence. It explains that the defense effectively attacked the credibility of the DNA evidence and ... More


Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Michael Lynch, Simon A. Cole, and Ruth McNally

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

DNA profiling—commonly known as DNA fingerprinting—is often heralded as unassailable criminal evidence, a veritable “truth machine” that can overturn convictions based on eyewitness testimony, ... More


Deconstructing Probability in The Case R. V. Deen

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which examines the interrogations of expert witnesses and the techniques for building up and attacking credibility, focusing on the Regina v. Deen, explains that this case was the first ... More


Finality?

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which discusses some implications of the exceptional and extraordinary power now granted to DNA profiling, suggests that the transition of DNA profiling from fallibility to ... More


“The Hand of God”: DNA and Victim Subjectivity in Sexual Assault Intervention

Sameena Mulla

in The Violence of Care: Rape Victims, Forensic Nurses, and Sexual Assault Intervention

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479800315
eISBN:
9781479878901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479800315.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses the role of DNA in sexual assault forensic examinations, the popular imagination, and as an element of the narratives of victimization that sexual assault victims describe in ... More


Chains of Custody and Administrative Objectivity

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the arguments about practical errors in the use of forensic DNA evidence, especially in relation to the so-called called “chains of custody” or “continuity of evidence.” It ... More


Blinded by Science on the Road to Abolition?

Simon A. Cole and Jay D. Aronson

in The Road to Abolition?: The Future of Capital Punishment in the United States

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814762172
eISBN:
9780814762547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814762172.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the role of science in arguments calling for the abolition of the death penalty. It discusses three important milestones of the recent abolitionist struggle in which the ... More


Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters

Henry Erlich, Eric Stover, and Thomas J. White (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190909444
eISBN:
9780197539958
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909444.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Forensic DNA evidence has helped convict the guilty, exonerate the wrongfully convicted, identify victims of genocide, and reunite families torn apart by war and repressive regimes. Yet many of the ... More


In Denial: Prosecutors’ Refusal to Accept Proof of an Inmate’s Innocence

Daniel S. Medwed

in Prosecution Complex: America's Race to Convict and Its Impact on the Innocent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796245
eISBN:
9780814764350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796245.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on prosecutors' refusal to accept proof of an inmate's innocence after trial, including DNA evidence. Prosecutors have used a range of arguments to explain away exculpatory DNA ... More


Jurors Overvalue Expert Testimony

Brian H. Bornstein and Edie Greene

in The Jury Under Fire: Myth, Controversy, and Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190201340
eISBN:
9780190201357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190201340.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Trials are becoming increasingly complex. Much of this complexity is due to scientific or other technical evidence presented by expert witnesses, which is often hard for jurors to understand. By ... More


9 In Denial: Prosecutors’ Refusal to Accept Proof of an Inmate’s Innocence

Daniel S. Medwed

in Prosecution Complex: America's Race to Convict and Its Impact on the Innocent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796245
eISBN:
9780814764350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796245.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on prosecutors' refusal to accept proof of an inmate's innocence after trial, including DNA evidence. Prosecutors have used a range of arguments to explain away exculpatory DNA ... More


Failures of the Prosecutor’S Duty to “do Justice” in Extraordinary and Ordinary Miscarriages of Justice

Robert P. Mosteller

in The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199844807
eISBN:
9780190260033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199844807.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter considers the relationship between the American prosecutor and the wrongful conviction phenomenon, as illustrated by contemporary miscarriages of justice. It examines the “Duke Lacrosse ... More


Not Guilty: Are the Acquitted Innocent?

Daniel Givelber and Amy Farrell

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732175
eISBN:
9780814725344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732175.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

As scores of death row inmates are exonerated by DNA evidence and innocence commissions are set up across the country, conviction of the innocent has become a well-recognized problem. But the U.S. ... More


Heritage

David Chidester

in Wild Religion: Tracking the Sacred in South Africa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520273078
eISBN:
9780520951570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273078.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter shows how South Africa has tried to domesticate religion in national heritage sites such as the Freedom Park, a presidential legacy project of Thabo Mbeki. The unleashing of indigenous ... More


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