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Prejudice, Stigma, and DNA Databases

Helen Wallace

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter discusses how and why innocent people whose DNA profiles are included in DNA databases may be vulnerable to stigmatization or prejudicial treatment. It draws on experiences from the ... More


Genetic Databases and the First Signs of Regulatory Opportunity

Roger Brownsword

in Rights, Regulation, and the Technological Revolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199276806
eISBN:
9780191707605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276806.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter focuses on genetic databases, specifically their use as a regulatory instrument. It begins by considering forensic collections, entertaining the thought that in a community of rights, it ... More


The U.K. National DNA Database

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the National DNA Database (NDNAD) of England and Wales, the oldest and largest national DNA intelligence database, the daily operation of which is managed by FSS Ltd., a ... More


Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Michael Lynch, Simon A. Cole, and Ruth McNally

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

DNA profiling—commonly known as DNA fingerprinting—is often heralded as unassailable criminal evidence, a veritable “truth machine” that can overturn convictions based on eyewitness testimony, ... More


Selective Arrests, an Ever-Expanding DNA Forensic Database, and the Specter of an Early Twenty-First-Century Equivalent of Phrenology

Troy Duster

in Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses the expansion of DNA databases. It begins by pointing out the systematic bias, by race, of a full range of behaviors displayed across the criminal justice system, from the ... More


Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Sheila Jasanoff (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Legal texts have been with us since the dawn of human history. Beginning in 1953, life too became textual. The discovery of the structure of DNA made it possible to represent the basic matter of life ... More


Bayesians, Frequentists, and the Dna Database Search Controversy

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which discusses the controversy among statisticians in the United States over the analysis of DNA database “cold hits,” considers the defense use of Bayesian analysis to unpack and ... More


Applications for Managing the Criminal Justice System

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explains how the theory and models in this volume have been used to make predictions and forecasts of significant importance in managing the Criminal Justice System. In the first ... More


Developments in DNA Profiling Techniques and Technologies

Cheryl Allsop

in Cold Case Reviews: DNA, Detective Work and Unsolved Major Crimes

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198747451
eISBN:
9780191810459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747451.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter provides a brief history of developments in genetic profiling, noting the advances in profiling techniques from the initial discovery by Sir Alec Jeffreys of what was then termed DNA ... More


Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Michael Fortun

Roberto Reis (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Part detective story, part exposé, and part travelogue, this book investigates one of the signature biotechnology stories of our time and, in so doing, opens a window onto the high-speed, high-tech, ... More


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