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Ancient DNA

Noreen Tuross and Michael G. Campana

in The Science of Roman History: Biology, Climate, and the Future of the Past

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691195988
eISBN:
9781400889730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195988.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines how ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis has helped reconstruct ancient history. It focuses in particular on cases investigating Roman history. History leaves traces in the human genome ... More


Lessons Learned from the Use of DNA Evidence in Srebrenica-related Trials at the ICTY

Kweku Vanderpuye and Christopher Mitchell

in Legacies of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: A Multidisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198862956
eISBN:
9780191895531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862956.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses legal issues associated with the collection, storage, and use of DNA evidence in international and national criminal trials. It draws on experience at the International ... More


Technology needs psychology: how natural frequencies foster insight in medical and legal experts

Ralph Hertwig and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Modern diagnostic technologies such as cancer screening tests or forensic DNA tests confront users with a basic problem, namely that of inferring the accuracy of a diagnostic test on the basis of ... More


Nasca Trophy Head Origins and Ancient DNA

Kathleen Forgey

in The Bioarchaeology of the Human Head: Decapitation, Decoration, and Deformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813035567
eISBN:
9780813041766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035567.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the origins of culturally modified human crania, or “trophy heads,” from the Early Nasca phases (ad 1–450) of the Nasca culture (ad 1–750) of the South Coast of Peru, where ... More


DNA Profiling Techniques

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses issues related to DNA profiling techniques. It explains that DNA analysis is widely regarded as the “ultimate method of biological individualization” and explains the key ... More


Infertile Subjectivities

Marcia C. Inhorn

in The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Middle East

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148885
eISBN:
9781400842629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148885.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter begins with an analysis of Ziad's story, who suffers from a very serious case of male infertility. Because male infertility is not a visible medical condition, most men have no idea that ... More


Preventing a Third Death: Identification of Missing Migrants at the US-Mexico Border

Sara H. Katsanis and Katherine M. Spradley

in Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190909444
eISBN:
9780197539958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909444.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the challenges of identification of migrant remains at the US-Mexico border, highlighting the logistical and ethical considerations for cross-border identifications. Each year ... More


Organic Process

Charles B. Strozier

in Until the Fires Stopped Burning: 9/11 and New York City in the Words and Experiences of Survivors and Witnesses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158985
eISBN:
9780231529921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158985.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the way a day of terror caused by 9/11 became an organic process of fear throughout that fall. The World Trade Center disaster was not a static event that happened one day in ... More


Technologies of Failure, Bodies of Resistance: Science, Technology, and the Mechanics of Materializing Marked Bodies

Josef Barla

in Mattering: Feminism, Science, and Materialism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479833498
eISBN:
9781479842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479833498.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Asking for technology and the body at the same time almost inevitably evokes the question of what kinds of connections extend between the two. But what if it is not so much a question of connections ... More


Mobility in Prehistory and Early Historic Times

D. W. Harding

in Rewriting History: Changing Perceptions of the Past

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198817734
eISBN:
9780191887949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817734.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

For most of the twentieth century migration and invasion were the default explanation of material culture change in archaeology. This model was largely derived from the record of documentary history, ... More


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