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Disease, Colonialism, and the State: Malaria in Modern East Asian History

Ka-che YIP (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622095878
eISBN:
9789882206854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622095878.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Studying malaria in modern East Asia in the context of the global history of the disease, this book fills an important gap in our understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and political ... More


Wanted: Dead or Dead

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Many people are afraid of pesticides, but these chemicals can be used with safety and effectiveness to help control many kinds of biting and stinging pests. The use of insecticides has changed a ... More


Epilogue Risk, Benefit, and Uncertainty

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines neonicotinoids, synthesized compounds from nicotine and related insecticidal compounds. Agricultural usage of neonicitinoids exploded when the EPA cancelled the registrations of ... More


From Medical Research to Biological Warfare

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0051
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Campaigns against insects in the east became entwined with preparations for biological warfare. The idea of unleashing disease pathogens to destroy Nazi Germany's enemies fascinated disinfection ... More


Clinical Trials on Trial

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0052
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Before World War II ended, allied medical experts devised stringent measures to prevent a massive ‘blow up’ of epidemic typhus in Germany. The United States of America Typhus Commission (USATC) ... More


Contaminated Fish: Protecting Communities Through Community Education and Reducing Availability

Marita Santos, Janice Lewis, and Janet Scully

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

In the late 1990’s the US Environmental Protection Agency designated the Palos Verdes Shelf off the coast of Los Angeles County as a superfund site due to heavy contamination with DDT ... More


Harvesting the Future

Howard G. Wilshire, Richard W. Hazlett, and Jane E. Nielson

in The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195142051
eISBN:
9780197561782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195142051.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

For most of two centuries, the United States was a nation of small farms and many farmers, raising much of their own food along with one or more cash crops and ... More


Eco-Warriors: The Environmental Movement and the Growth of Ecological Wisdom, 1960s–1970s

Jeremy L. Caradonna

in Sustainability: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199372409
eISBN:
9780197562932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372409.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

One of the marks that distinguishes sustainability from classic environmentalism is the former’s cheery optimism. Indeed, reading side by side the 2005 guidebook ... More


Worlds Collide at Love’s Canal

Richard S. Newman

in Love Canal: A Toxic History from Colonial Times to the Present

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195374834
eISBN:
9780197562673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195374834.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Pollution and Threats to the Environment

In 1938, Hooker Electrochemical confronted a future without its founder when Elon died in a tragic automobile accident. The longtime patriarch was just 68 ... More


Widening the Circle of Influence

Richard S. Newman

in Love Canal: A Toxic History from Colonial Times to the Present

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195374834
eISBN:
9780197562673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195374834.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Pollution and Threats to the Environment

Although known as “Mr. Clean” for his longtime environmental advocacy, Edmund Muskie had little knowledge of the American hazardous waste grid until 1978. ... More


Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Frederick Rowe Davis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Rachel Carson's eloquent book Silent Spring stands as one of the most important books of the twentieth century and inspired important and long-lasting changes in environmental science and government ... More


The Budding Movement for Pesticide Reform, 1962–1972

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the budding movement for pesticide reform during the period 1962–1972. It begins with a discussion of Rachel Carson’s 1962 book Silent Spring, which introduced the public to the ... More


The weather: Nothing but turbulence . . . and don’t mind the gap

Shaun Lovejoy

in Weather, Macroweather, and the Climate: Our Random Yet Predictable Atmosphere

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190864217
eISBN:
9780197559895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864217.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

“This afternoon, the sky will start to clear, with cloud shreds, runners, and thin bars followed by flocks.” If Jean- Baptiste Lamarck (1744–1829) had had his way, ... More


Proton and 19F NMR Spectroscopy of Pesticide Intermolecular Interactions

Sharon J. Anderson

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Sorption of organic pollutants by soils and sediments is one of the main chemical processes that controls pollutant migration in the environment. ... More


Toxicology Emerges in Public Health Crises

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter describes how toxicology emerged with the rise of public health crises in Chicago. With the industrialization of meat production in Chicago and the rise of novel technologies in ... More


DDT and Environmental Toxicology

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines the different harmful effects of DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) to different species in the environment. At the beginning of World War II, economic entomologists ... More


What’s the Risk?: Legislators and Scientists Evaluate Pesticides

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines the different risks associated with exposures to pesticides and analyzes hearings held by legislators to determine the implications of pesticides for public health. Throughout ... More


Rereading Silent Spring

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, a bestseller which alerted Americans to the hazards of insecticides. Carson's prose revealed hazards found with the indiscriminate use of DDT and ... More


Pesticides and Toxicology after the DDT Ban

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the use of different pesticides after the banning of DDT in 1972. Based on the message from Silent Spring, many Americans considered DDT as the most harmful insecticide due to ... More


Dr. Spock, Daisy Girl, and DDT: A Prehistory of Environmental Icons

Finis Dunaway

in Seeing Green: The Use and Abuse of American Environmental Images

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226169903
eISBN:
9780226169934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169934.003.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter presents three sets of images as together constituting a prehistory of environmental icons: advertisements against nuclear testing produced by SANE (the National Committee for a Sane ... More


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