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Economic evaluation of dengue prevention

Donald S. Shepard and Jose A. Suaya

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease which threatens half the world's population. This chapter first briefly examines an existing technology, larviciding, to control the mosquito which transmits ... More


Economic evaluations of interventions for children in the developing world: The WHO-CHOICE approach

Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Moses Aikins, Robert Black, Lara Wolfson, Raymond Hutubessy, and David B. Evans

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There are logistical and analytical challenges when conducting economic evaluations in the developing world, ranging from lack of data on costs to determining generalizability. This chapter describes ... More


Conclusion and Reflections

Paul S.F. Yip

in Suicide in Asia: Causes and Prevention

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099425
eISBN:
9789882207431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099425.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Suicide has become a worldwide public health concern. The situation is more serious in Asia in terms of the disability-adjusted life years (DALY). It is estimated that about 2.5% of loss of DALY is ... More


Saving People from the Harm of Death

Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many people believe that death is one of the worst things that can happen to us. At the same time, the incident of death cannot be experienced. This raises philosophical questions about how and to ... More


Health Status and the Public Health System in India

V. Sujatha

in Sociology of Health and Medicine: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198099130
eISBN:
9780199082995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099130.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter we present sociologically significant aspects of the public health system under eight sections, broadly covering the themes: Health status of the population, Health care delivery and ... More


Introduction: Perspectives on Evaluating Deaths and Their Relevance to Health Policy

Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There have been debates in both philosophy and the field of population health on the issue of how mortality can and should be measured. In population health, the intention has been to produce ... More


Measuring Global Health1

Kristin Voigt

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780748646920
eISBN:
9780748676682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Summary measures of population health combine information about morbidity and premature mortality within a single ‘metric’. Particularly prominent at the international level is the Global Burden of ... More


Age and the Disvalue of Death

Joseph Millum, Espen Gamlund, Emery Ngamasana, and Carl Tollef Solberg

in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Summary measures of health or well-being must assign a value to averting death and relate it to the value of preventing or curing morbidity. The authors address two key questions about how to value ... More


The Burden of Mental Disorders

William W. Eaton, O. Joseph Bienvenu, Gerald Nestadt, Heather E. Volk, and James C. Anthony

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes seventeen important mental disorders and reviews studies of the prevalence of the disorders from around the world, presenting median and interquartile ranges for more than four ... More


Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering

Daniel M. Hausman

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190233181
eISBN:
9780190233204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233181.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Those who are responsible for health policy want to know how seriously diseases, injuries, and risk factors diminish health and how significantly different policies improve health. To provide this ... More


Key elements for a new governance of addictive substances and behaviours

Peter Anderson, Fleur Braddick, Patricia Conrod, Antoni Gual, Matilda Hellman, Silvia Matrai, David Miller, David Nutt, Jürgen Rehm, Jillian Reynolds, and Tamyko Ysa

in New Governance of Addictive Substances and Behaviours

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198759836
eISBN:
9780191820809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759836.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In 2009, the European Commission, through the Social Sciences and Humanities division of the FP7 research programme, challenged Europe to build balanced anti-addiction policies, endorsed by ... More


Applying the Capability Approach in Health Economic Evaluations: A Sufficient Solution

Paul Mark Mitchell, Tracy E. Roberts, Pelham M. Barton, and Joanna Coast

in What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199385263
eISBN:
9780199385270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385263.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Health economic evaluation is an analytic approach to aid decision-making between interventions competing for resources from the same “pot.” The objective of these evaluations is typically to ... More


People Aren’t Replaceable: Why It’s Better to Extend Lives than to Create New Ones

Michelle Hutchinson

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to commonly used global health metrics such as the Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY), saving an infant’s life seems to be no better than letting that infant die and bringing into existence ... More


Quantifying the Harm of Death

Erik Nord

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In economic evaluation of health interventions and in measurements of burden of disease, the harm of death is routinely quantified. Can this make sense? I review approaches to measuring willingness ... More


Life Years at Stake: Justifying and Modeling Acquisition of Life Potential for DALYs

Andreas Mogensen

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In quantifying the global burden of disease in terms of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), we must determine both Years of Life Lost (YLLs) and Years Lost to Disability (YLDs). In setting ... More


Putting a Number on the Harm of Death

Joseph Millum

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Donors to global health programs and policymakers within national health systems have to make difficult decisions about how to allocate scarce health care resources. Principled ways to make these ... More


Epicurean Challenges to the Disvalue of Death

Carl Tollef Solberg

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In global health, several practices rely on the assumption that death has a disvalue for those who die. This includes the fact that we prioritize extending human lives rather than creating new ones, ... More


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