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The Roots of Coptic Christology: Incarnation and Divine Participation in Late Antique Alexandrian Greek Theology

Stephen J. Davis

in Coptic Christology in Practice: Incarnation and Divine Participation in Late Antique and Medieval Egypt

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199258628
eISBN:
9780191718052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258628.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of Alexandrian Christology from the 2nd to the 5th centuries. It then discusses the strong influence of Cyril of Alexandria, the Council of ... More


The Nestorian Crisis

Paul B. Clayton, Jr.

in The Christology of Theodoret of Cyrus: Antiochene Christology from the Council of Ephesus (431) to the Council of Chalcedon (451)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198143987
eISBN:
9780191711497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198143987.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the Christological concepts and terms employed by Theodoret in the Nestorian controversy and in the movements that eventually led to a shaky peace with Cyril in the years 432-5. ... More


Nestorianism Countered: Cyril's Theology of theDivine Kenosis

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Having briefly surveyed various inadequate approaches to the Nestorian controversy, the author shows that the protection of the unqualified divine impassibility from being compromised by any ... More


The Nestorian Controversy

Bernard Green

in The Soteriology of Leo the Great

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534951
eISBN:
9780191715990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534951.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The Nestorian controversy was Leo's first major experience of theological controversy. His reliance on yet disappointment with Cassian as a theological expert showed how much Leo had to learn. His ... More


Patriarchs, Councils, and Controversies: 300–451

William, S.J. Harmless

in Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162233
eISBN:
9780199835645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162234.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The patriarchs of Alexandria would cast long shadows over the history of Egyptian monasticism. This chapter focuses on the five most influential: Alexander, Athanasius, Theophilus, Cyril, and ... More


The Greek Fathers

Edward A. Siecienski

in The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372045
eISBN:
9780199777297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

While it would be inaccurate to claim that the Greek patristic corpus explicitly addressed the procession of the Spirit from the Son (positively or negatively) as later theology would understand it, ... More


Grace as the Sharing of Divine Communion in Cyril's Early Writings

Donald Fairbairn

in Grace and Christology in the Early Church

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256143
eISBN:
9780191600586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256144.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter deals with Cyril of Alexandria's writings prior to the Nestorian controversy and asserts that Cyril sees salvation as God's action through the incarnation to rescue humanity from a ... More


The Soteriology of Leo the Great

Bernard Green

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534951
eISBN:
9780191715990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534951.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Leo the Great was the beneficiary of the consolidation over the course of the preceding century of the power of the papacy in Rome and the Christianization of the city. That process reveals the ... More


The Eutychian Crisis

Paul B. Clayton, Jr.

in The Christology of Theodoret of Cyrus: Antiochene Christology from the Council of Ephesus (431) to the Council of Chalcedon (451)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198143987
eISBN:
9780191711497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198143987.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Cyril of Alexandria died in 444 and was succeeded by his nephew Dioscorus. His intrigues with Eutyches and Chrysaphius in Constantinople soon led to the outbreak of the Eutychian crisis, Eutyches' ... More


The Christological Debate, I: To the First Council of Ephesus (431)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0052
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Discusses the debate about the nature of Christ and its repercussions from its origins to the Council of Ephesus in 431. Divisions on the question were by no means clear‐cut in their relation to ... More


The Christological Debate, II: From Reunion (433) to a Breakdown of Unity (449)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0053
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Continues the history of the Christological debate from the Formulary of Reunion in 433 to the break down of unity and deposition of Flavian, bishop of Constantinople in 449. The western emperor ... More


Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic

Susan Wessel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268467
eISBN:
9780191699276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

What were the historical and cultural processes by which Cyril of Alexandria was elevated to canonical status while his opponent, Nestorius, Bishop of Constantinople, was made into a heretic? In ... More


The Alexandrian Tradition II: The Imposition of Episcopal Control

Norman Russell

in The Doctrine of Deification in the Greek Patristic Tradition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205974
eISBN:
9780191695636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205974.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the imposition of Episcopal control in Alexandria, looking at the fall of independent teachers such as Athanasius, Apollinarius of Laodicea, and Cyril of Alexandria, and at the ... More


God's Own Son as the Source of Grace in Cyril's Later Writings

Donald Fairbairn

in Grace and Christology in the Early Church

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256143
eISBN:
9780191600586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256144.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter deals with Cyril's writings during and after the controversy and argues that for Cyril, one cannot view the christological union as a communion between God and the assumed man. Instead, ... More


The Classical Alexandrian Cycle

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Theophilus of Alexandria published a 100‐year Paschal list beginning in the first consulship of Theodosius, AD 380. That year corresponds to the first of the classical Alexandrian cycle, but it is ... More


The Letters to Boniface and Petronius

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

The Easter‐table of Dionysius Exiguus was the continuation of a 95‐year list he attributes to Cyril of Alexandria. He describes his work in two letters—one to Boniface and Bonus written in AD 525/6 ... More


What Flesh Is This?

Stephen H. Webb

in Jesus Christ, Eternal God: Heavenly Flesh and the Metaphysics of Matter

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827954
eISBN:
9780199919468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827954.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Robert Jenson has argued that Jesus Christ is eternal, and this chapter demonstrates how Heavenly Flesh Christology can honor that claim. Unfortunately, Heavenly Flesh Christology has received little ... More


Introduction: Theodore and Cyril in Context

Hauna T. Ondrey

in The Minor Prophets as Christian Scripture in the Commentaries of Theodore of Mopsuestia and Cyril of Alexandria

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198824534
eISBN:
9780191864131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824534.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This introductory chapter establishes the scope and significance of the study. In addition to his Christology, Theodore’s Old Testament commentaries were implicated at Constantinople II for their ... More


“Every Spiritual Vision Looks to the Mystery of Christ”: The Theological Nature of Exegesis

Matthew R. Crawford

in Cyril of Alexandria's Trinitarian Theology of Scripture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198722625
eISBN:
9780191789328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722625.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

This chapter begins by setting forth a distinction Cyril makes between two kinds of illumination, one according to creation, and one according to redemption. While the former consists of basic human ... More


Grace and Christology in the Early Church

Donald Fairbairn

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256143
eISBN:
9780191600586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256144.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This book addresses the question of whether the fifth‐century pronouncements about Christ's person were reflective of a genuine theological consensus in the early Church, or whether they were merely ... More


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