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Waqfs of Cyrenaica and Italian Colonialism in Libya (1911–41)1

Anna Maria Medici

in Held in Trust: Waqf in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774163937
eISBN:
9781617970924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

An example of contending definitions of waqf is offered in this chapter's view at Cyrenaica under Italian colonial rule, where Muslims initially attributed the legitimacy of waqf to Qur'anic ... More


The Free French in the Battle for North Africa, 1942: Military Action and Its Political Presentation1

Rémy Porte

in El Alamein and the Struggle for North Africa: International Perspectives from the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9789774165818
eISBN:
9781617971297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165818.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

When France fell in June 1940, General de Gaulle, outraged, issued the call to arms that began the gathering of the Free French forces that became of great political importance for France. From ... More


The Italian Empire

Richard Bosworth and Giuseppe Finaldi

in Empires at War: 1911-1923

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198702511
eISBN:
9780191772207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702511.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

It is a commonplace that early twentieth-century Italy was the ‘least of the Great Powers’ and only possessed an ‘empire of rags and patches’. Often an acknowledgement of its weakness is accompanied ... More


Civil Resistance in Libya during the Arab Spring

George Joffé

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Despite the autocratic nature of the Gaddafi regime in Libya, its weakness in Cyrenaica (Libya’s eastern province) became apparent in the 1990s. A series of protests there over specific issues—the ... More


Barqa Reborn?: Eastern Regionalism and Libya’s Political Transition

Sean Kane

in The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190210960
eISBN:
9780190492151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210960.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines Libya’s eastern region from September 2011 to June 2012 and the socioeconomic drivers behind the growth of Islamism and “federalism”. It charts its history as a traditional and ... More


Cyrenaica

Ariel I. Ahram

in Break all the Borders: Separatism and the Reshaping of the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190917371
eISBN:
9780190917418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917371.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 examines the separatist conflict in Cyrenaica, eastern Libya. With the central government effectively moribund, federalists sought to take over ports and oil facilities in the east. ... More


War in the Italian Colonies

Vanda Wilcox

in The Italian Empire and the Great War

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198822943
eISBN:
9780191861796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198822943.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

In August 1915 Italy declared war on the Ottoman Empire. While it sent no troops to the main Allied fronts against the Ottomans, it fought this enemy both at sea and on land, in a form of proxy ... More


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