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Asceticism, Heresy, and Early Christian Tradition

David G. Hunter

in Marriage, Celibacy, and Heresy in Ancient Christianity: The Jovinianist Controversy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199279784
eISBN:
9780191707391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279784.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Jovinian's accusations against ascetic extremists had a precedent in earlier Christian tradition. Ascetic elitism was opposed by a number of early Christian writers, including 1 Clement, Ignatius, ... More


Concluding Remarks

Richard Finn Op

in Almsgiving in the Later Roman Empire: Christian Promotion and Practice 313-450

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283606
eISBN:
9780191712692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283606.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter starts from the description of Cyprian, the 3rd-century bishop of Carthage, to sum up the principal conclusions of the book: recognition of the pre-eminent place of episcopal almsgiving ... More


Cyprian of Carthage

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The letters and tracts of Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, are one of the main sources for the history of the Church in the mid‐third century, when the problems of the Roman Empire provoked popular ... More


Augustine's Rejection of Posthumous Salvation for Non‐Christians

Jeffrey A. Trumbower

in Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140996
eISBN:
9780199834747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140990.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The seventh chapter documents how and why Augustine of Hippo came to reject all the forms of posthumous salvation outlined in the earlier chapters of this study. His influence over theology in the ... More


From Supremacy to Tyranny, 1533–40: A Sweet and Devout Sermon and The Banquette of Sapience

Greg Walker

in Writing Under Tyranny: English Literature and the Henrician Reformation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283330
eISBN:
9780191712630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283330.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter focuses on two of Elyot’s later dialogues: his translation of a sermon of St. Cyprian counselling the faithful in times of persecution and his collection of adagia, The Banquet of ... More


Orthodox Use of Bread and Water

Andrew McGowan

in Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198269724
eISBN:
9780191683770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269724.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter considers cases where the use of bread and water in eucharistic meals appears in what are otherwise orthodox sources. It discusses evidence from the following texts: the 3rd-century ... More


Constantine and the Donatist Church a.d. 312–37 1

W. H. C. Frend

in The Donatist Church: A Movement of Protest in Roman North Africa

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198264088
eISBN:
9780191682704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264088.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

By the turn of the fourth century, while the theory of Church discipline remained as severe as it had been in the time of Cyprian, its practice tended to sink to the standard of the laxer members. ... More


The Catholic revival and ecumenical endeavour

Geoffrey Rowell

in The Vision Glorious: Themes and Personalities of the Catholic Revival in Anglicanism

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263326
eISBN:
9780191682476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263326.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the influence of the Catholic revival in England during the 1830s that came from ecumenical endeavours. The Oxford Movement began as an assertion of Anglican identity and an ... More


When Killing Is Lawful and Just

Adriana Cavarero and Angelo Scola

in Thou Shalt Not Kill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267347
eISBN:
9780823272341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267347.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Cavarero explores the bellicose rhetoric and ideology of the Hebrew scriptures which advocate the bloody annihilation of the enemies of Israel and its God. In the Christian tradition, pacifism, the ... More


The Consolation Tradition in the Latin Church

Ronald K. Rittgers

in The Reformation of Suffering: Pastoral Theology and Lay Piety in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199795086
eISBN:
9780199950171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795086.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter opens by observing that late medieval clergymen had another source available to them as they ministered to sick and suffering Christians: consolation literature. The chapter examines the ... More


Christian Positions on Animal Sacrifice

Daniel Ullucci

in The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791705
eISBN:
9780199932436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791705.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter analyzes Christian positions on sacrifice from Paul (ca. 50 CE) to Cyprian of Carthage (mid 3rd century). This analysis shows that a rejection of animal sacrifice is not present in the ... More


Crime and Punishment

Adriana Cavarero and Angelo Scola

in Thou Shalt Not Kill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267347
eISBN:
9780823272341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267347.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Here Cavarero reflects on “Crime and Punishment,” a 2010 exhibition at the D’Orsay Museum, which focuses largely on homicide as murder, deflecting any consideration of mass homicide such as war or ... More


Latin Letter Collections before Late Antiquity

Michele Renee Salzman

in Late Antique Letter Collections: A Critical Introduction and Reference Guide

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520281448
eISBN:
9780520966192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281448.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter considers the variety of Latin letter collections that the late antique reader would have inherited. These range from letters by scholars, poets, statesmen, philosophers, orators, ... More


The Learned Press: Divinity

William Poole

in The History of Oxford University Press: Volume I: Beginnings to 1780

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199557318
eISBN:
9780191772320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557318.003.0012
Subject:
History, Cultural History, Economic History

The majority of the officers of the Press and of the university were theologians, and although they were often widely read and actively involved in the research and teaching of other subjects, ... More


Gateways and Borders: Black St. Louis in the 1840s and 1850s

Eric Gardner

in Unexpected Places: Relocating Nineteenth-Century African American Literature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604732832
eISBN:
9781604732849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604732832.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter considers three texts that expand the sense of the black stories located in and even told from within antebellum St. Louis: John Berry Meachum’s 1846 Address to All the Colored Citizens ... More


Toward a People’s History:: The Novels of the Nigerian Civil War

Eleni Coundouriotis

in The People’s Right to the Novel: War Fiction in the Postcolony

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823262335
eISBN:
9780823266357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262335.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter argues that the sizeable body of fiction which constitutes the novels of the Nigerian Civil War articulates a vital argument about democracy. The fiction maps various divides of ... More


From the Origins to the End of the Third Century

H.A.G. Houghton

in The Latin New Testament: A Guide to its Early History, Texts, and Manuscripts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198744733
eISBN:
9780191805905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744733.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Early Christian Studies

The earliest Christian authors writing in Latin, such as Tertullian and Victorinus of Poetovio, seem to have used a Greek New Testament and made their own translations. Cyprian of Carthage, in the ... More


Christ and the Will: Agony in the Garden

Han-luen Kantzer Komline

in Augustine on the Will: A Theological Account

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190948801
eISBN:
9780190948832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190948801.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Centuries before Maximus the Confessor, Augustine had already declared in explicit terms that Christ takes on a human will distinct from his divine will. According to Augustine, possessing a distinct ... More


Conclusion

Han-luen Kantzer Komline

in Augustine on the Will: A Theological Account

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190948801
eISBN:
9780190948832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190948801.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The conclusion comments briefly on the concrete images Augustine uses to represent the will in its various permutations, the matter of defining the Augustinian will, and the contested issue of how ... More


Ambrose and Cyprian, Masters of Augustine

Pier Franco Beatrice and Adam Kamesar

in The Transmission of Sin: Augustine and the Pre-Augustinian Sources

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199751419
eISBN:
9780199979424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751419.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the thought of Augustine's acknowledged masters, Ambrose of Milan and Cyprian of Carthage. It considers whether Augustine was right or wrong in appealing to the testimony of ... More


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