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A New Phase of Charles Wesley's Ministry

Gareth Lloyd

in Charles Wesley and the Struggle for Methodist Identity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199295746
eISBN:
9780191711701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295746.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

After retiring from the itinerancy in 1756, Charles Wesley exercised a localized preaching and pastoral ministry in Bristol, and then from 1771, in London. He also established himself as the foremost ... More


Blind Men before a Fire: Empiricism and the Idea of God

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that Hume's theory of ideas has deep roots in Hobbes's account of the nature and origin of our ideas, as presented in both Human Nature and Leviathan. Although Hume modifies ... More


The Argument a Priori and Hume's “Curious Nostrum”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although most philosophers would agree with the suggestion that Hume's treatment of the problem of causation “is the center‐piece of the Treatise” (or, at least, of Book I), they also generally hold ... More


The Rise and Fall of British Arianism

Maurice Wiles

in Archetypal Heresy: Arianism Through the Centuries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245918
eISBN:
9780191600814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245916.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Looks briefly at anti‐Trinitarian tendencies in sixteenth‐ and seventeenth‐century Britain (with special attention to Ralph Cudworth and John Locke), but concentrates on the eighteenth century, when ... More


Brace v. Cudworth, 1680–1682: A Written Contract

Lawrence Stone

in Uncertain Unions: Marriage in England 1660–1753

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202530
eISBN:
9780191675386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202530.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter presents a case study on the marriage contract in England, focusing on the case Brace v. Cudworth which was seen in court in 1682. The case was filed by John Brace to reclaim Mary ... More


Animal Spirits and Living Fibres

Ann Thomson

in Bodies of Thought: Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199236190
eISBN:
9780191717161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236190.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

A study of the aspects of 17th‐century medicine and physiological research which could be used by those who wished to dispense with the immaterial soul, in particular conceptions of active matter ... More


‘A Dead Cadaverous Thing’

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In England, ontological mechanism comes under fire. Figures such as Ralph Cudworth and Henry More argue that this ontology is too impoverished to explain such phenomena as cohesion, gravity, the ... More


Metaphysical alternatives: conceptions of identity, morality, and the afterlife

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with an examination of those seventeenth-century contributions prior to Locke that cannot be classed as either scholastic or Cartesian, such as those by Spinoza and the Cambridge ... More


Self‐Determination

Vere Chappell

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on self-determination. For many 17th-century thinkers, self-determination is the mark of free agency: a free agent is one who determines himself, and conversely. The doctrine of ... More


How the Stoics Became Atheists

Christopher Brooke

in Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought from Lipsius to Rousseau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152080
eISBN:
9781400842414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152080.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores the wider and largely Continental story of how the Stoics became atheists. The Neostoicisms of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century had been explicitly intended as ... More


The Autonomy of Ethics: (i) Cudworth

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Ralph Cudworth, a 17th-century writer who anticipated Professor Moore’s opinion that ‘good is indefinable’. Although Cudworth had a bad argument for this opinion, he still had ... More


The Autonomy of Ethics: (2) Clarke to Reid

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a number of concepts in moral philosophy in view of Samuel Clarke and Thomas Reid. A number of other moral philosophers are included in the discussion, such as Moore, Cudworth, ... More


Whichcote and the Cambridge Platonists on Human Nature: An Interpretation and Defense

John Russell Roberts

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume VI

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659593
eISBN:
9780191745218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659593.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Benjamin Whichcote developed an account of human nature that attempts to reconcile the obligations of reason with those of the Christian faith. The chapter offers an interpretation of his account as ... More


Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Normative ethical theories generally purport to be explanatory—to tell us not just what is good, or what conduct is right, but why. Drawing on both historical and contemporary approaches, Mark ... More


Women Philosophers of Seventeenth-Century England: Selected Correspondence

Jacqueline Broad (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190673321
eISBN:
9780190673369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673321.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This volume is an edited collection of private letters and published epistles to and from English women philosophers of the early modern period (c. 1650–1700). It includes the letters and epistles of ... More


Hume and the Sensible Qualities

Kenneth P. Winkler

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The aim of this chapter is to understand better Hume's response to what he calls the "fundamental principle" of the modern philosophy, the opinion that "colors, sounds, tastes, smells, heat and cold" ... More


Damaris Cudworth Masham (1659–1708)

Jacqueline Broad (ed.)

in Women Philosophers of Seventeenth-Century England: Selected Correspondence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190673321
eISBN:
9780190673369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673321.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter contains selected letters from the private correspondence of the moral philosopher Damaris Cudworth Masham. It includes some of Masham’s letters to and from her close friend John Locke, ... More


“Moral Magick”:: Cambridge Platonism and the Third Earl of Shaftesbury

Seth Lobis

in Virtue of Sympathy: Magic, Philosophy, and Literature in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300192032
eISBN:
9780300210415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300192032.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Against the idea of a linear “disenchantment of the world,” this chapter makes a case for the persistence of magical views of sympathy in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The ... More


Objections to Divine Command Theory

C. Stephen Evans

in God and Moral Obligation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199696680
eISBN:
9780191744266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696680.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Chapter 4 explains and responds to a number of objections that have been raised against a divine command account of moral obligations. These objections include the Euthyphro problem, the ... More


Réaumur’s Crayfish Experiments in Hartsoeker’s Système: Regeneration and the Limits of Mechanism

Catherine Abou-Nemeh

in The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199987313
eISBN:
9780199346240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987313.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter investigates the ways in which Nicolas Hartsoeker challenged Descartes’ mechanical model of nature along the lines of the Cambridge Platonists Henry More and Ralph Cudworth, in light of ... More


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