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 The Cuban Climax

Angela M. Lahr

in Millennial Dreams and Apocalyptic Nightmares: The Cold War Origins of Political Evangelicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195314489
eISBN:
9780199872077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314489.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Evangelicals in the United States held ambivalent, sometimes contradictory, attitudes about Castro's Cuba that revealed the multifarious influences on evangelical religious and political identity. ... More


Contested Skies: US-USSR Competition for African Civil Aviation Markets and the Cuban Missile Crisis

Philip E. Muehlenbeck

in Betting on the Africans: John F. Kennedy's Courting of African Nationalist Leaders

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195396096
eISBN:
9780199932672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396096.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

Chapter eleven details the immense effort that the State Department made during 1961–62 to curtail Soviet civil air service to Africa. Precluding Moscow from obtaining commercial landing and ... More


Defensive War: The Cuban Missile Crisis and Cambodian Incursion

Mariah Zeisberg

in War Powers: The Politics of Constitutional Authority

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157221
eISBN:
9781400846771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157221.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter analyzes presidential conduct by showing how presidents can augment their authority to engage in independent acts of war. Specifically, it assesses Kennedy's behavior in the Cuban ... More


The Kennedy-Castro Years

David A. Welch

in Fifty Years of Revolution: Perspectives on Cuba, the United States, and the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813040233
eISBN:
9780813043852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813040233.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

David A. Welch argues that the Cuban Missile Crisis was a microcosm of U.S.-Cuban relations during the Kennedy years. In 1962, Soviet Chairman Nikita Khrushchev's attempt to sneak strategic nuclear ... More


The Mechanisms of Nuclear Crisis Outcomes

Matthew Kroenig

in The Logic of American Nuclear Strategy: Why Strategic Superiority Matters

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190849184
eISBN:
9780190870591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190849184.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the effect of nuclear superiority on crisis outcomes in a series of short case studies of the most important nuclear crises of the nuclear era: the Cuban Missile Crisis, the ... More


Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001

Milo Jones and Philippe Silberzahn

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785808
eISBN:
9780804787154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785808.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The CIA was created in 1947 in large part to prevent another Pearl Harbor. On at least four dramatic occasions, the Agency failed at this task: prior to in the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, the ... More


The Johnson-Nixon-Castro Years: Superpower Containment of Cuba

William O. Walker III

in Fifty Years of Revolution: Perspectives on Cuba, the United States, and the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813040233
eISBN:
9780813043852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813040233.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This essay argues that the United States and the Soviet Union endeavored to thwart attempts by Cuba to become a prominent international actor from the mid-1960s through the early 1970s. They did so ... More


Too Big to Spank: JFK, Nuclear Hegemony, & the Limited Test Ban Treaty, 1962–1963

Shane J. Maddock

in Nuclear Apartheid: The Quest for American Atomic Supremacy from World War II to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833551
eISBN:
9781469604220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895849_maddock.11
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter explains how John F. Kennedy (JFK) placed a greater emphasis on controlling proliferation. It also details why JFK settled for a limited test ban treaty when both a comprehensive testing ... More


Cuban Crises: Canada–US Relations and Cuba, 1962

Asa McKercher

in Camelot and Canada: Canadian-American Relations in the Kennedy Era

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190605056
eISBN:
9780190605087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190605056.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

In response to revelations in October 1962 that the Soviet Union was installing nuclear missiles in Cuba, President John F. Kennedy blockaded the island, sparking the most significant crisis of the ... More


Saving the Planet from Nuclear Weapons and the Human Mind

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Framed around debates concerning the Cuban Missile Crisis, this chapter investigates three contrasting approaches to the intersection of psychology with nuclear strategy. The first is Herman Kahn’s ... More


Real Existing Third Worldism: National Development in the Age of Ideologies

Jeffrey James Byrne

in Mecca of Revolution: Algeria, Decolonization, and the Third World Order

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199899142
eISBN:
9780190498979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899142.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the construction of the postcolonial Algerian state, the FLN’s adoption of socialism, and independent Algeria’s efforts to achieve “economic decolonization.” The Algerian ... More


The Nuclear Age and the Cold War

Colin S. Gray

in The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608638
eISBN:
9780191731754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608638.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In examining the Soviet‐American Cold War of 1945–91, Colin Gray posits seven categories of context: political, sociocultural, economic, technological, geographical‐geopolitical, historical, and ... More


New Frontiers: Development and Struggle, 1961–1963

Jeremy Friedman

in Shadow Cold War: The Sino-Soviet Competition for the Third World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469623764
eISBN:
9781469625188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469623764.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses Nikita Khrushchev's efforts to establish socialism in the developing world from 1961 through 1963. It also describes the growing challenge presented by Chinese accusations that ... More


Paradigm Shifts in Security Strategy: Why Does It Take Disasters to Trigger Change?

Dominic D. P. Johnson and Elizabeth M. P. Madin

in Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253476
eISBN:
9780520934313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253476.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on paradigm shifts in security strategy. It suggests that it takes disasters to trigger change because dangers that remain hypothetical fail to trigger appropriate sensory ... More


End of an Era

Edward Kaplan

in To Kill Nations: American Strategy in the Air-Atomic Age and the Rise of Mutually Assured Destruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452482
eISBN:
9780801455506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452482.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter addresses the impact of new ideas on the Berlin and Cuban Missile crises, plans for nuclear warfare, weapons for future war, and the US Air Force. During the one thousand days of the ... More


Camelot’s Strategist

Ingo Trauschweizer

in Maxwell Taylor's Cold War: From Berlin to Vietnam

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813177007
eISBN:
9780813177038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177007.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

In Chapter 4 I assess Taylor’s influence in the Kennedy administration and his contribution to the lack of trust by civilian leaders in the JCS after the Bay of Pigs fiasco. I also discuss Taylor’s ... More


Introduction

Christopher Gair

in The American Counterculture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619887
eISBN:
9780748671137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619887.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter provides a selective overview of the place of the counterculture in the ‘long 1960s’ – the period from the Woolworth’s lunch-counter sit-ins in Greensboro, NC, through the election of ... More


The Correlates of Nuclear Crisis Outcomes

Matthew Kroenig

in The Logic of American Nuclear Strategy: Why Strategic Superiority Matters

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190849184
eISBN:
9780190870591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190849184.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Does the nuclear balance of power matter for nuclear coercion? To answer this question, this chapter conducts a large-N statistical analysis, examining empirical evidence from high-stakes crises ... More


Adapting the Absurd Apocalypse: Eugene Burdick's and Harvey Wheeler's Fail-Safe and its Cinematic Progeny

Nicholas Ruddick

in Future Wars: The Anticipations and the Fears

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846317552
eISBN:
9781846317224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846317552.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter analyzes the novel Fail-Safe (1962) by Eugene Burdick and Harvey Wheeler, which was also the source text of a film of the same title (1964) directed by Sidney Lumet. It shows that in ... More


Bear Any Burden: Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson

Harold H. Bruff

in Untrodden Ground: How Presidents Interpret the Constitution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226211107
eISBN:
9780226211244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226211244.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

President John Kennedy addressed two foreign policy crises unilaterally, with different results. At the Bay of Pigs, he endorsed a covert scheme that failed; in the Cuban Missile Crisis, he averted ... More


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