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Zooplankton and zoobenthos in high-latitude water bodies

Milla Rautio, Ian A.E. Bayly, John A.E. Gibson, and Marjut Nyman

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The biodiversity of zooplankton and zoobenthos decreases towards high latitudes, though the two poles have different species compositions despite environmental similarities in temperature, habitat ... More


Life Histories: Volume 5

Martin Thiel and Gary A. Wellborn (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190620271
eISBN:
9780197590461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620271.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

Crustaceans are increasingly being used as model organisms in all fields of biology, including neurobiology, developmental biology, animal physiology, evolutionary ecology, biogeography, and resource ... More


Crustacea: Introduction

Claudia Castellani and Marianne Wootton

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an introduction to the Crustacea, one of the most abundant and diverse components of the plankton. Within a single net-haul, the vast diversity within this group, coupled with ... More


Phylum Arthropoda

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0044
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Arthropoda is one of the largest phyla in the animal kingdom, with the insects alone purportedly consisting of several million living species. The other arthropods are estimated to be more than ... More


Evolution and Radiation of Crustacea

Shane T. Ahyong

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The evolution of the Crustacea following their origins in the Cambrian is outlined, with an overview of their paleontological history and global distributions into modern times. Major recent ... More


Invasion of the Poles

Joanna Legeżyńska, Claude De Broyer, and Jan Marcin Węsławski

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Polar Crustacea show high taxonomic and functional diversity and hold crucial roles within regional food webs. Despite the differences in the evolutionary history of the two Polar regions, present ... More


Crustaceans

Peter J. Hayward and John S. Ryland

in Handbook of the Marine Fauna of North-West Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199549443
eISBN:
9780191847943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549443.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The unifying features of the subphylum Crustacea are outlined, and concise descriptions are provided of the morphological characteristics of the major taxonomic groups included. For Ostracoda and ... More


Crustacean Life Cycles—Developmental Strategies and Environmental Adaptations

Jørgen Olesen

in Life Histories: Volume 5

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190620271
eISBN:
9780197590461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620271.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

Crustacea (or Pancrustacea) have explored virtually all possible milieus in different parts of their life cycle, including freshwater, marine, and terrestrial habitats, and even the air (pterygote ... More


Semelparity and Iteroparity

Øystein Varpe and Maciej J. Ejsmond

in Life Histories: Volume 5

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190620271
eISBN:
9780197590461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620271.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

Diversity in reproduction schedules is a central component of life history variability, with life span and age at maturity as key traits. Closely linked is the number of reproductive attempts and if ... More


Life History Perspectives on Voltinism

Carlos San Vicente

in Life Histories: Volume 5

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190620271
eISBN:
9780197590461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620271.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

Patterns of voltinism are well documented in many crustaceans and other invetebrates, and these studies provide diverse insights into species biology, population ecology, and drivers of the evolution ... More


Morphological Adaptations for Digging and Burrowing

Zen Faulkes

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Many crustaceans are highly adapted for digging (submerging into sand or mud) or burrowing (excavating a structure in sand or mud). Some of the mechanisms that crustaceans use for digging include ... More


Swimming Fast and Furious: Body and Limb Propulsion at Higher Reynolds Numbers

Michel A. Boudrias

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

In swimming crustaceans, a cascade of forces at different Reynolds numbers affect bodies, propulsive limbs, and their setae and setules. This chapter reviews major examples of crustaceans swimming at ... More


Circulatory System and Respiration

Christian S. Wirkner and Stefan Richter

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Circulation and respiration are vital functions in all animals, including crustaceans. This chapter deals with the morphology of these coupled systems and their functional aspects. Crustaceans ... More


Functional Anatomy of the Reproductive System

Laura S. Lόpez Greco

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter briefly describes the diversity in the functional morphology of the crustacean reproductive organs from both macroscopic and microscopic approaches. The genital ducts in both females and ... More


Structure of the Nervous System: General Design and Gross Anatomy

Jeremy M. Sullivan and Jens Herberholz

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The myriad behaviors characteristic of crustaceans reflect the diverse lifestyles (pelagic, benthic, terrestrial, parasitic, sessile) of this large taxon. These behaviors are controlled by nervous ... More


Comments on Crustacean Biodiversity and Disparity of Body Plans

Frederick R. Schram

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The science of natural history is built on twin pillars: cataloging the species found in nature, and reflecting on the variety and function of body plans into which these species fit. We often use ... More


Evolution of Crustacean Appendages

Joachim T. Haug, Andreas Maas, Carolin Haug, and Dieter Waloszek

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The evolutionary history of the postantennular appendages of Crustacea is reviewed, including information on limb development early in the evolutionary lineage of this taxon. Further changes of the ... More


The Crustacean Carapace: Morphology, Function, Development, and Phylogenetic History

Jørgen Olesen

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

A carapace (a shield extending from the head region and enveloping a smaller or larger part of the body) is a characteristic feature of many crustaceans. This chapter reviews functional, ontogenetic, ... More


The Crustacean Integument: Structure and Function

Richard M. Dillaman, Robert Roer, Thomas Shafer, and Shannon Modla

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The dorsobranchial exoskeleton of decapods has served as the archetype for studies of the structure and formation of crustacean cuticle. This cuticle consists of four layers: the epi-, exo-, and ... More


The Crustacean Integument: Setae, Setules, and Other Ornamentation

Anders Garm and Les Watling

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The cuticle plays an important role in many aspects of crustacean biology, since it is the interface to the surrounding world. Thus, the cuticle displays many structural specializations all over the ... More


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