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t h r e e t h r e e On the Way toward the Precritical Project

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the role that True Estimation of Living Forces (1747) played in Kant’s intellectual development. Section 1 describes Kant’s way of dealing with controversies and discusses his ... More


s i x The New Elucidation The Struggle for Freedom

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s doctoral dissertation, New Elucidation of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition (1755). Section 1 examines the context of the thesis and Kant’s monist contention ... More


n i n e The Newtonian Program of thePrize Essay and Kant's Crisis The Struggle for Freedom

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the aftermath of Only Possible Argument and the Prize Essay (1764). Section 1 examines the curious preface of Kant’s third book, the exchange with Mendelssohn, and Kant’s ... More


: Kant on Freedom of the Will

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay discusses the various conceptions of freedom to be found in Kant's texts, analyzes the connection between them and Kant's moral theory and epistemology, explores the contrast between the ... More


Consciousness, Self-consciousness, and Cognition

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains some of the puzzles about self-consciousness that bedeviled Locke, Leibniz, and Kant’s less well-known predecessors, Wolff, Crusius, and Merian. It presents Leibniz’s unusual ... More


Autonomy, Obligation, and Virtue: An Overview of Kant's Moral Philosophy *

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents an overview of Kant's ethical theory, contrasting it briefly with earlier views such as those of Wolff and Crusius. The ability of rational agents to govern themselves — their ... More


From the critique of Wolffian apperception to the idea of the ‘pre-existence’ of self-consciousness

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

There was a long and lively debate about of Wolff’s account of consciousness and self-consciousness in the eighteenth century; and in this context, non-Wolffian views about personal identity were ... More


The Historical Background of Kant's Critical Teaching

J. N. Findlay

in Kant and the Transcendental Object: A Hermeneutic Study

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246381
eISBN:
9780191680960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246381.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a brief account of the three major influences which shaped Kant's opinions, which provided the background from which he dissented, and which he in great part transposed and ... More


Rio Grande do Sul: Political Regimes and Social Movement Co-Governance

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Chapter 4 focuses on the MST’s educational struggle in Rio Grande do Sul, where the movement first began to experiment with new pedagogical approaches in the early 1980s. Rio Grande do Sul is an ... More


The Problem

Christopher J. Insole

in Kant and the Creation of Freedom: A Theological Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677603
eISBN:
9780191757068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677603.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter traces Kant’s shift from an incompatibilist to a compatibilist conception of human freedom: in the 1750s Kant considers that human freedom does not require the agent to be able to do ... More


Kant’s Analytic Metaphysics and Model of Cognition in the 1760s

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Transcendental Deduction: An Analytical-Historical Commentary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198724858
eISBN:
9780191792397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724858.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with Kant’s writings in theoretical philosophy in the early and mid-1760s, which are characterized by an attempt to develop metaphysics on the basis of an analytic method, which is ... More


From Wolff to Kant: Rational Psychology in the 18th Century

Corey W. Dyck

in Kant and Rational Psychology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688296
eISBN:
9780191767579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688296.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, it is shown that Wolff’s conception of rational psychology was adopted and extended by his successors, including Baumgarten and Meier. Even staunch opponents, like Crusius, who went ... More


Northern Europe 1519–1545: The Age of Melanchthon

Peter Mack

in A History of Renaissance Rhetoric 1380-1620

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199597284
eISBN:
9780191804588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199597284.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses sixteenth-century writers and their contributions to renaissance rhetoric. Philipp Melanchthon (1497–1560) was the dominant figure of this period and he took a personal role in ... More


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