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 Moya: African Charismatic Initiatives and Classical Pentecostal Missionaries

Ogbu Kalu

in African Pentecostalism: An Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195340006
eISBN:
9780199867073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340006.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter begins with a description of charismatic flares in missionary churches from 1920 to 1960. It then considers the typology of classical Pentecostalism in African from 1901 to 1960, and ... More


The Filioque from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Century

Edward A. Siecienski

in The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372045
eISBN:
9780199777297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Although an uneasy peace was maintained in the years after Photius, during the tenth and eleventh centuries political, cultural, and religious factors rapidly drove East and West further part. The ... More


 The Legacy of Engagement

Jane Idleman Smith

in Muslims, Christians, and the Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195307313
eISBN:
9780199867875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307313.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

For more than fourteen centuries Christians and Muslims have lived in proximity and in one way or another have interacted with each other. The responses of each community have been guided both ... More


 Political Priests

David Domke and Kevin Coe

in The God Strategy: How Religion Became a Political Weapon in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326413
eISBN:
9780199870431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326413.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the first religious signal: speaking the language of the faithful. Two types of presidential communications — invocations of God and invocations of faith — are examined in all ... More


Crusading for Freedom at Home and Abroad

Wendy L. Wall

in Inventing the "American Way": The Politics of Consensus from the New Deal to the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195329100
eISBN:
9780199870226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329100.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Beginning in the late 1940s, government officials and an array of private elites worked to enlist civil society in general—and immigrants and their children in particular—in efforts to project the ... More


The Emergence of the King's Firm Purpose, 1382–84

Christopher Fletcher

in Richard II: Manhood, Youth, and Politics 1377-99

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546916
eISBN:
9780191720826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546916.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

When Richard II began to assert himself at the age of 15, it was still ambiguous whether he was of an age to exert his full authority. This chapter focuses on one strategy the king pursued to remedy ... More


The Effects of the Fourth Crusade 1204–1261 1

J. M. Hussey

in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198264569
eISBN:
9780191601170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198264569.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The effects of the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1204 and the subsequent establishment of a Latin Empire in the area covered by the Orthodox Church as a result of the Fourth Crusade are discussed. ... More


Conquest and Its Justifications: Jihad, Crusade,

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter is devoted to the development of the concepts of jihad, Crusade, and reconquista. It shows that, in both Christian and Muslim territories, ideologies of holy war were often used to ... More


A Christian Millennium: Greece in Byzantium—How the Empire Worked at its Edge

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter focuses on the period when Greece was essentially a minor province of the Christian Roman empire of Byzantium. During “The Dark Ages,” there was a very slow and uncertain shift from a ... More


The Collapse of the Byzantine Empire in the Twelfth Century: A Study of a Medieval Economy

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the collapse of the Byzantine Empire in the twelfth century. Between the tenth and twelfth centuries, the Byzantine state machinery was extremely sophisticated. It directed a ... More


Byzantine Kythera

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter offers a historical background on the island of Kythera during the Byzantine period. During the early Christian and Byzantine era, Kythera maintained the same close connection to the ... More


Invisible Weapons: Liturgy and the Making of Crusade Ideology

M. Cecilia Gaposchkin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501705151
eISBN:
9781501707988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705151.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In 1098, three years into the First Crusade and after a brutal eight-month siege, the Franks captured the city of Antioch. Two days later, Muslim forces arrived with a relief army, and the victors ... More


Social Welfare Policy, Living Standards, and Self-Help, 1861–1908

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the Crusade Against Outrelief and its effects on working-class behavior. The increased use of the workhouse caused a sharp decline in the share of the population receiving poor ... More


Old Age Poverty and Pauperism

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter demonstrates how the aged coped economically and the extent of their reliance on the Poor Law from the 1860s to 1908. The share of working-class persons 65 and older receiving poor ... More


Defenders of the Holy Land: Relations between the Latin East and the West, 1119-1187

Jonathan Phillips

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205401
eISBN:
9780191676611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205401.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The triumph of the First Crusade (1095–1099) led to the establishment of a Latin Christian community in the Levant. Remarkably, despite growing pressure from the neighbouring Muslim powers, and the ... More


Bernard of Clairvaux: An Inner Life

Brian Patrick McGuire

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501751042
eISBN:
9781501751554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501751042.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This intimate portrait of one of the Middle Ages' most consequential men, delves into the life of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux to offer a refreshing interpretation that finds within this grand ... More


Introduction

Jonathan Phillips

in Defenders of the Holy Land: Relations between the Latin East and the West, 1119-1187

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205401
eISBN:
9780191676611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205401.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The triumph of the First Crusade led to the establishment of a Latin Christian community in the Levant. The relationship between the Latin East and western Europe in the years between the major ... More


Colonizing Christianity: Greek and Latin Religious Identity in the Era of the Fourth Crusade

George E. Demacopoulos

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780823284429
eISBN:
9780823285976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823284429.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book employs postcolonial critique to analyze the transformations of Greek and Latin religious identity in the wake of the Fourth Crusade. Through close readings of texts from the period of ... More


Patriarch

Jean Dunbabin

in A Hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the Fourteenth-Century Church

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222910
eISBN:
9780191678523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222910.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

While he was at Avignon, on March 27 1329, Pierre was appointed Patriarch of Jerusalem, a venerable title of high prestige. The deciding factor in Pierre's acceptance was the hope, current in the ... More


The Last Years

Jean Dunbabin

in A Hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the Fourteenth-Century Church

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222910
eISBN:
9780191678523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222910.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

While the theologians wrangled, plans for the crusade went on apace. To this end, the patriarch and King Philip VI worked hand-in-glove and they were rewarded by early victories. But during the ... More


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