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Christ as Mediator: A Study of the Theologies of Eusebius of Caesarea, Marcellus of Ancyra, and Athanasius of Alexandria

Jon M. Robertson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212606
eISBN:
9780191707360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212606.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book presents a detailed study of the theological concept (divine mediation) that was central to the Christological controversy of the early 4th century. The subject of this study is the access ... More


Mediation in Eusebius of Caesarea

Jon M. Robertson

in Christ as Mediator: A Study of the Theologies of Eusebius of Caesarea, Marcellus of Ancyra, and Athanasius of Alexandria

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212606
eISBN:
9780191707360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212606.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter analyses Eusebius of Caesarea's understanding of the radical transcendence of God the Father, which influenced his view of the Word as an intervening mediator between the Father and the ... More


Trinitarian Debates from Nicaea (325) to Sirmium (351)

Carl L. Beckwith

in Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the Trinitarian debates from the Council of Nicaea (325) to the synod of Sirmium (351) and the emergence of the creed from Nicaea in the West as a standard of orthodoxy.


Patriarchs, Councils, and Controversies: 300–451

William, S.J. Harmless

in Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162233
eISBN:
9780199835645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162234.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The patriarchs of Alexandria would cast long shadows over the history of Egyptian monasticism. This chapter focuses on the five most influential: Alexander, Athanasius, Theophilus, Cyril, and ... More


Newman and the Alexandrian Fathers: Shaping Doctrine in Nineteenth-Century England

Benjamin J. King

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548132
eISBN:
9780191720383
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548132.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

John Henry (later Cardinal) Newman is widely known to have been devoted to reading the Church Fathers. By exploring which Fathers interested Newman most and when, using both published and archive ... More


The Council at Serdica

Hamilton Hess

in The Early Development of Canon Law and the Council of Serdica

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269755
eISBN:
9780191601163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269757.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The failure of the attempted settlement of the dispute over the teachings of Arius by the Council of Nicaea in 325 resulted in intense turmoil within the Church during the decades to follow, and this ... More


The Meeting of the Council

Susan Wessel

in Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268467
eISBN:
9780191699276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the proceedings at Ephesus I, including the problems of ecclesiastical procedure raised by the council; its relationship to the Council of Nicaea; the role of the emperor in ... More


The Letters to Boniface and Petronius

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

The Easter‐table of Dionysius Exiguus was the continuation of a 95‐year list he attributes to Cyril of Alexandria. He describes his work in two letters—one to Boniface and Bonus written in AD 525/6 ... More


Nicene Orthodoxy

Andrew Louth

in The Origins of the Christian Mystical Tradition: From Plato to Denys

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199291403
eISBN:
9780191710674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291403.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The Council of Nicaea, held in 325, marks a watershed in the history of Christian theology. The precise nature of the difference between the Orthodox and the Arians, between Alexander and Athanasius, ... More


The Council of Nicaea and Its Early Reception

Mark S. Smith

in The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431-451

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198835271
eISBN:
9780191872938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835271.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter sets the scene for the various appeals to Nicaea during the Nestorian controversy, by analysing the nature of Nicaea’s earlier reception. It begins by examining the Council of Nicaea ... More


“To Please the Overseer of All”: The Emperor's Involvement and the Politicization of Theology

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 6 deals with the impact on the controversy of Constantine's intervention and the “criminalization” of doctrinal dissent following the proclamation of Nicene orthodoxy. Thereafter, theological ... More


The Idea of Nicaea in the Two Councils of Ephesus (431)

Mark S. Smith

in The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431-451

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198835271
eISBN:
9780191872938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835271.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter begins by arguing that the debate between Nestorius and Cyril (428–31) was characterized by a deep concern for the authentic interpretation of the Nicene Creed. As the controversy grew, ... More


The Idea of Nicaea at Chalcedon (451)

Mark S. Smith

in The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431-451

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198835271
eISBN:
9780191872938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835271.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The emperor Marcian sought at Chalcedon to solve the problem of Nicaea’s reception once and for all, by presenting his oecumenical council as not only the repetition, but also the completion, of ... More


Early Textual Transmission and Development

Hamilton Hess

in The Early Development of Canon Law and the Council of Serdica

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269755
eISBN:
9780191601163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269757.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Addresses three textual problems: the transmission of the Latin text of the Serdican canons, the early history of the Greek text and its differences from the Latin, and the derivation of a third ... More


Easter and the Passover Moon

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Jesus was crucified at the time of the Passover. Passover is observed on the 14th day of the first month, when the springtime crop is ripe. In a lunar calendar, the 14th day of the month is a full ... More


The Papacy and the Franks

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the rising Frankish power and while becoming the principal political and military defense of the papacy's rights and property, the Franks were not sympathetic to the iconoclasm ... More


Constantine: Lactantius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Arius, and the Council of Nicaea

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0029
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The new situation created by the rise to sole power of a Christian emperor was seen by many Christians as fulfilment of the prophecy that God's word would spread throughout the civilized world but ... More


The Origins of Easter

Ronald Hutton

in The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205708
eISBN:
9780191676758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205708.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the origins of Easter. As the execution and resurrection of its founder were the principal events upon which Christianity has based its claims in Messianism, it was inevitable ... More


Rereading the Council of Nicaea and Its Creed

Lincoln H. Blumell

in Standing Apart: Mormon Historical Consciousness and the Concept of Apostasy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199348138
eISBN:
9780199376735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348138.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter contextualizes the production of the Nicene Creed by examining the primary documentary sources of the Council of Nicaea. LDS members have often cited the Nicene Creed as evidence of ... More


Differences in Theology

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

After the churches of the West became Latin-speaking, difficulties about establishing terms equivalent terms such as Trinitas or ‘three persons in one substance’ began. The doctrine that Father, Son, ... More


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