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The Christology of Theodoret of Cyrus: Antiochene Christology from the Council of Ephesus (431) to the Council of Chalcedon (451)

Paul B. Clayton, Jr.

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198143987
eISBN:
9780191711497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198143987.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Theodoret of Cyrus (c.393-466) was the most able Antiochene theologian in the defence of Nestorius from the Council of Ephesus in 431 to the Council of Chalcedon in 451. While the works of Theodore ... More


Asceticism and Christological Controversy in Fifth-Century Palestine: The Career of Peter the Iberian

Cornelia B. Horn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199277537
eISBN:
9780191604171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199277532.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This book explores anti-Chalcedonian asceticism in Palestine, an area that has so far been relatively neglected in academic studies. Anti-Chalcedonian asceticism in Palestine is significant because ... More


Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Volker L. Menze

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534876
eISBN:
9780191716041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534876.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This study historicizes the formation of the Syrian Orthodox Church in the first half of the 6th century. The Council of Chalcedon in 451 divided eastern Christianity, with those who were later ... More


The Roots of Coptic Christology: Incarnation and Divine Participation in Late Antique Alexandrian Greek Theology

Stephen J. Davis

in Coptic Christology in Practice: Incarnation and Divine Participation in Late Antique and Medieval Egypt

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199258628
eISBN:
9780191718052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258628.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of Alexandrian Christology from the 2nd to the 5th centuries. It then discusses the strong influence of Cyril of Alexandria, the Council of ... More


The Christological Debate, III: From the Second Council of Ephesus (449) to Chalcedon (451)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0054
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Christological debate between 449 and 451 was marked by continuing divisions in the east and became embroiled with the question of the authority of Rome. The anti‐Nestorian position won the ... More


Preaching and Researching an Alexandrian Christology (1834–40)

Benjamin John King

in Newman and the Alexandrian Fathers: Shaping Doctrine in Nineteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548132
eISBN:
9780191720383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548132.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines what Newman had to say between the years of 1834 and 1840 about the doctrine of Christ's person and works. Covering the period from the publication of Arians to Newman's first ... More


Patriarchs, Councils, and Controversies: 300–451

William, S.J. Harmless

in Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162233
eISBN:
9780199835645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162234.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The patriarchs of Alexandria would cast long shadows over the history of Egyptian monasticism. This chapter focuses on the five most influential: Alexander, Athanasius, Theophilus, Cyril, and ... More


What Flesh Is This?

Stephen H. Webb

in Jesus Christ, Eternal God: Heavenly Flesh and the Metaphysics of Matter

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827954
eISBN:
9780199919468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827954.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Robert Jenson has argued that Jesus Christ is eternal, and this chapter demonstrates how Heavenly Flesh Christology can honor that claim. Unfortunately, Heavenly Flesh Christology has received little ... More


The Council of Chalcedon and the Definition of Christian Tradition

David M. Gwynn (ed.)

in Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils 400-700

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311772
eISBN:
9781846316753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316753.002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter explores the place of the Council of Chalcedon in the debate over the nature and interpretation of Christian tradition itself, and also examines the evidence of the Acts of Chalcedon, ... More


Homilies and Reading Communities

Philip Michael Forness

in Preaching Christology in the Roman Near East: A Study of Jacob of Serugh

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198826453
eISBN:
9780191865916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826453.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter addresses the most controversial homily in Jacob of Serugh’s corpus, the Homily on the Council of Chalcedon. Recently discovered manuscripts provide a solid basis for viewing this homily ... More


The Unity of Christ: Devotion to Mary

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

The humanity born of Mary is a divine humanity constituted to be a single person, a single being, and Mary herself is Theotokos, ‘Mother of God’. This chapter discusses devotion to Mary and Virginal ... More


Peter Mongus Struggles with the Past

Edward J. Watts

in Riot in Alexandria: Tradition and Group Dynamics in Late Antique Pagan and Christian Communities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520262072
eISBN:
9780520945623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262072.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter explores how the Council of Chalcedon limited the power of Cyril's successors and bishops of Alexandria, Dioscorus (444–451) and Timothy Aelurus (457–477), by setting their teachings ... More


The Possibility of Incarnation

Richard Swinburne

in The Christian God

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235125
eISBN:
9780191598579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235127.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The Council of Chalcedon declared that one individual, Jesus Christ, had two natures – divine and human. His divine nature must be regarded as consisting of the essential divine properties plus the ... More


Posthumous Orthodoxy

Christine Shepardson

in Melania: Early Christianity Through the Life of One Family

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520292086
eISBN:
9780520965638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292086.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Melania the Younger died more than a decade before the Council of Chalcedon (451 CE) and the ensuing bitter conflicts between Chalcedonian and miaphysite Christians. Nevertheless, the Greek Vita by ... More


The Quinisext Council (692) as a Continuation of Chalcedon

Judith Herrin (ed.)

in Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils 400-700

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311772
eISBN:
9781846316753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316753.010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Studies on the Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon have frequently neglected the canons attached to it. In the oldest Latin version and the Greek manuscript tradition of the Acts of Chalcedon, the ... More


The Council of Chalcedon (451): A Narrative

Richard Price (ed.)

in Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils 400-700

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311772
eISBN:
9781846316753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316753.005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The Council of Chalcedon finally opened on 8 October. Nearly all public sessions were chaired by high government officials, and in practice by their leader, the patrician and general Anatolius. As ... More


Epilogue: The Council of Chalcedon and the Antiochene Legacy

Adam M. Schor

in Theodoret's People: Social Networks and Religious Conflict in Late Roman Syria

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268623
eISBN:
9780520948617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268623.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the legacy of doctrinal and Christological conflict during and after the Council of Chalcedon. It suggests that while the Council of Chalcedon was not a complete triumph for ... More


The Christology of Chalcedon: Neither End nor Beginning

Brian E. Daley, SJ

in God Visible: Patristic Christology Reconsidered

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199281336
eISBN:
9780191746925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199281336.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Most modern narratives of the development of early Christian understandings of the person of Christ suggest that the full, classical understanding of who and what he is was finally reached in the ... More


The Idea of Nicaea at Chalcedon (451)

Mark S. Smith

in The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431-451

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198835271
eISBN:
9780191872938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835271.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The emperor Marcian sought at Chalcedon to solve the problem of Nicaea’s reception once and for all, by presenting his oecumenical council as not only the repetition, but also the completion, of ... More


Introduction: The Philosophical Problem Substance and Nature

Richard Cross

in The Metaphysics of the Incarnation: Thomas Aquinas to Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244362
eISBN:
9780191697357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244362.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Hobbes's anti-scholastic rhetoric reveals his ignorance of the Patristic origin of the phrase ‘union in/according to hypostasis’, or ‘hypostatic union’ (the union of divine and human natures in the ... More


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