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Quantum dots

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Interaction effects in quantum-confined systems give rise to the Coulomb blockade phenomenon in electronic transport. This chapter discusses the Coulomb blockade phenomenon in quantum dots. As a ... More


Spin-transfer torques and nanomagnets

Daniel C. Ralph and Robert A. Buhrman

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents simple ideas for understanding how spin-polarized currents can be used to exert spin-transfer torques in magnetic devices. The chapter reviews recent progress for measuring the ... More


Single-electron effects

Tero T. Heikkilä

in The Physics of Nanoelectronics: Transport and Fluctuation Phenomena at Low Temperatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199592449
eISBN:
9780191747618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592449.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of Coulomb blockade, which takes place in small junctions. It first explains conditions of observing Coulomb blockade in single- or multiple junction systems and ... More


Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Thomas Ihn

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents the physics of semiconductor nanostructures with emphasis on their electronic transport properties. At its heart are five fundamental transport phenomena: quantized conductance, ... More


Phenomena and devices at the quantum scale and the mesoscale

Sandip Tiwari

in Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Unique nanoscale phenomena arise in quantum and mesoscale properties and there are additional intriguing twists from effects that are classical in origin. In this chapter, these are brought forth ... More


GRANULAR METALS

V.F. Gantmakher

in Electrons and Disorder in Solids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567561
eISBN:
9780191718267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567561.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter demonstrates approaches to the treatment of macroscopically inhomogeneous materials. The conception and criteria of granularity are introduced and experimental examples of ... More


Dissipative and conservative nonlinearity in carbon nanotube and graphene mechanical resonators

J. Moser, A. Eichler, B. Lassagne, J. Chaste, Y. Tarakanov, J. Kinaret, I. Wilson‐Rae, and A. Bachtold

in Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews several types of nonlinear behaviour in nanotubes and graphene resonators. It first discusses a scenario where damping is described by a nonlinear force. Several experimental ... More


Quantum dots

Tero T. Heikkilä

in The Physics of Nanoelectronics: Transport and Fluctuation Phenomena at Low Temperatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199592449
eISBN:
9780191747618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592449.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Quantum dots are small islands connected to typically metallic electrodes. Their small size shows up in the large spacing of the single-electron energy levels inside these islands. This chapter ... More


Nanoscale transport and molecular junctions

Carsten A. Ullrich

in Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory: Concepts and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563029
eISBN:
9780191775130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563029.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the formal framework and applications of time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) to nanoscale transport. It begins with a brief overview of the basic concepts of ... More


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