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Rotation

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the effects of rotation on convection and gravity waves. Flows in the atmospheres, oceans, and liquid cores of terrestrial planets are dominated by the Coriolis forces, as are ... More


Gravitational, Inertial, and Coriolis Force Influences on Nystagmus, Motion Sickness, and Perceived Head Trajectory

James R. Lackner and Paul DiZio

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0033
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

An intricate pattern of stimulation is generated when a rotating individual tilts his head about an axis that is not parallel to the axis of rotation. His semicircular canals undergo cross-coupled ... More


Rotational Dynamics

Oliver Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The successful description of the motion of a rigid body is one of the triumphs of Newtonian mechanics. Having learned in the previous chapter how to specify the position and orientation of a rigid ... More


The Influence of Rotation, Stratification, and Magnetic Fields on Turbulence

P. A. Davidson

in Turbulence: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198722588
eISBN:
9780191789298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722588.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

Chapter 9 explores turbulence in the geophysical context. The emphasis is on the influence of a strong background rotation, a background stable stratification, or an ambient magnetic field on the ... More


Physics and Dynamics of the Atmosphere

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter describes the basic physics and thermodynamics of the atmosphere, starting from the ideal gas law and the hydrostatic equation, from which the lapse rate in the troposphere is derived. ... More


Floating Magnetic Buoys

Arnab Rai Choudhuri

in Nature’s Third Cycle: A Story of Sunspots

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199674756
eISBN:
9780191752469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674756.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes how the idea of magnetic buoyancy can be developed to explain various aspects of bipolar sunspots, including their tilts as given by Joy’s law. The chapter discusses how our ... More


The restricted three body problem

S. G. Rajeev

in Advanced Mechanics: From Euler's Determinism to Arnold's Chaos

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199670857
eISBN:
9780191775154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670857.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter includes a detailed study of the three body problem where one of the bodies is infinitesimal and the other two are in circular motion. This applies to the Sun-Jupiter-Asteroid, ... More


Rotating Shallow-Water Models with Full Coriolis Force

Vladimir Zeitlin

in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: Understanding (almost) everything with rotating shallow water models

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198804338
eISBN:
9780191842627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804338.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The derivation of the rotating shallow-water model by vertical averaging is carried on in the tangent plane approximation without neglecting the vertical component of the Coriolis force, and ... More


Physics and Geometry

David D. Nolte

in Introduction to Modern Dynamics: Chaos, Networks, Space, and Time

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198844624
eISBN:
9780191880216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844624.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter emphasizes the importance of a geometric approach to dynamics. The central objects of interest are trajectories of a dynamical system through multidimensional spaces composed of ... More


An Introduction To Single-Point Closure Methodology

Brian E. Launder

in Simulation and Modeling of Turbulent Flows

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195106435
eISBN:
9780197561003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195106435.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

The material presented in Section 1 will replicate that covered in earlier chapters. It may nevertheless be helpful to include it to familiarize the reader both with ... More


Flow Over Hills

J. C. Kaimal and J. J. Finnigan

in Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flows: Their Structure and Measurement

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195062397
eISBN:
9780197560167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195062397.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

We now move on to the next obstacle to understanding how the boundary layer behaves in general through the study of flow over ridges and hills. In Chapter 4 we ... More


Flow Over Changing Terrain

J. C. Kaimal and J. J. Finnigan

in Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flows: Their Structure and Measurement

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195062397
eISBN:
9780197560167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195062397.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

The micrometeorologist setting out to find a field site that satisfies the requirements of horizontal homogeneity will soon be reminded that most of the earth’s ... More


Relevant Subjects

Adrian F. Tuck

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199236534
eISBN:
9780191917462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199236534.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

Atmospheric composition played an important part in the development of chemistry, following the work of Priestley, Lavoisier, and Dalton. Since air is a mixture of ... More


Surface Wind Waves

Eric B. Kraus and Joost A. Businger

in Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195066180
eISBN:
9780197560204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195066180.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Rhythmic and monotonously repetitive, but quite unpredictable in its details, the structure of the sea surface is an epitome of the natural world. Surface waves have ... More


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