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Augustinian Synthesis to Aristotelian Amalgam

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the 13th century, natural philosophy changed status from an enterprise of marginal significance into one that formed the principal point of entry into the understanding of the world and our place ... More


Reconstructing Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many of the perceived failures of Aristotelian natural philosophy in the late 16th and early 17th centuries were put down to his conception of method. In fact, both defenders of Aristotle and his ... More


Historical Constellations and Copernican Contexts

Karl Ameriks

in Kant and the Historical Turn: Philosophy as Critical Interpretation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199205349
eISBN:
9780191709272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205349.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses methodological issues concerning the most extensive research on this era, the massive ‘Jena Project’ directed by Dieter Henrich (who, along with Hans-Georg Gadamer, was one of ... More


Robert Bellarmine and the Catholic Church: Questions of Power and Authority

Stefania Tutino

in Empire of Souls: Robert Bellarmine and the Christian Commonwealth

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199740536
eISBN:
9780199894765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740536.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The final chapter closes back on the Roman Curia, and it explains how, in Bellarmine’s view, the dynamics and mechanics of its power worked. The first section of this chapter illustrates the ... More


Experiencing Evolution: Psychological Responses to the Claims of Science and Religion

Ronald L. Numbers

in Science and Christianity in Pulpit and Pew

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195320374
eISBN:
9780199851379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320374.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter looks at possible conflict created by the idea of evolution. Although evolution provoked far fewer psychological crises than is sometimes assumed, this discussion reveals that some ... More


Galileo's Telescope

Howard Marchitello

in The Machine in the Text: Science and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608058
eISBN:
9780191729492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter discusses one of the great revolutions in early modern cosmology: the discovery of blemishes on the sun. In his Letters on Sunspots, Galileo understood these spots to constitute ... More


Compromises: Viviani, Auzout, Leibniz (1654–1704)

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates what might be called a third wave of reactions to Galileo's trial, covering the period between 1654 and 1704 and most significantly represented by the figures of Vincenzio ... More


Incompetence or Enlightenment?: Pope Benedict XIV (1740–1758)

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Prospero Lambertini was elected Pope Benedict XIV; he reigned until 1758. His reputation for enlightenment was generally well deserved. It was during his papacy that two important events in the ... More


Galileo's Instruments of Credit: Telescopes, Images, Secrecy

Mario Biagioli

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226045610
eISBN:
9780226045634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226045634.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In six short years, Galileo Galilei went from being a somewhat obscure mathematics professor running a student boarding house in Padua to a star in the court of Florence to the recipient of dangerous ... More


From Brass Instruments to Textual Supplements

in Galileo's Instruments of Credit: Telescopes, Images, Secrecy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226045610
eISBN:
9780226045634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226045634.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book proposes radical new interpretations of several key episodes of Galileo's career, including his early telescopic discoveries of 1610, the dispute over sunspots, and the conflict with the ... More


The First Jewish Copernican: Rabbi Joseph Solomon Delmedigo

Jeremy Brown

in New Heavens and a New Earth: The Jewish Reception of Copernican Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199754793
eISBN:
9780199345083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754793.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the life and legacy of Joseph Delmedigo (1591-1655). Delmedigo studied medicine in the University of Padua, where he was a student of Galileo. In 1628 Delmedigo published Sefer ... More


“Copernicus is the Son of Satan.” The First Jewish Rejections of Copernicus

Jeremy Brown

in New Heavens and a New Earth: The Jewish Reception of Copernican Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199754793
eISBN:
9780199345083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754793.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the first Jewish rejections of Copernicus. It opens with Fernando Cardoso (1604-1683) who was born in born in Portugal and raised as a Catholic, but ended his life living in ... More


The Eighteenth Century: Jews and Copernicus in the Newtonian Era

Jeremy Brown

in New Heavens and a New Earth: The Jewish Reception of Copernican Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199754793
eISBN:
9780199345083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754793.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

By 1700 the Newtonian model, which included the heliocentric solar system, was being taught at Yale and Oxford, although Copernicanism was much slower to gain acceptance elsewhere. There was still ... More


Conclusion

Jeremy Brown

in New Heavens and a New Earth: The Jewish Reception of Copernican Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199754793
eISBN:
9780199345083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754793.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The conclusion opens with a review of the current state of the science-religion debate in both the US and internationally, and shows that the rejection of scientific theories like evolution is ... More


Kepler Sets the Earth in Motion

in Fictions of the Cosmos: Science and Literature in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226011226
eISBN:
9780226011240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226011240.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines Johannes Kepler's book about the movement of Earth called Dream. It suggests that this book is inseparable from the context of an abstract space of hypotheses and that it ... More


Two Legends

Andrew Steane

in Faithful to Science: The Role of Science in Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198716044
eISBN:
9780191784286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716044.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Two historical episodes are presented: the trial of Galileo and the Wilberforce/Huxley ‘debate’ (really a brief exchange). The legendary versions are put to one side while taking a brief look at what ... More


A Commotion over Motion

David S. Sytsma

in Richard Baxter and the Mechanical Philosophers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190274870
eISBN:
9780190274894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274870.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter addresses Baxter’s response to Copernicanism, substantial forms, Descartes’s laws of motion, and Henry More’s variant of mechanical philosophy. Baxter was far more concerned about ... More


Free Philosophizing

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focusses on Galileo’s support for Nicholas Copernicus’ idea that the Earth and the other planets all revolved around the Sun. His theologically informed intellectual optimism made him ... More


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