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Making the Geneva Conventions

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the major laws that form part of the making of the Geneva Conventions. It discusses the appurtenant laws and organizations that promote protection of civilians. It notes that ... More


International Society and America's War on Terrorism

Jason Ralph

in Defending the Society of States: Why America Opposes the International Criminal Court and its Vision of World Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214310
eISBN:
9780191706615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214310.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The evidence presented in previous chapters contributes to the general argument that the US defends the idea of a society of states because it is in the kind of society that America can preserve a ... More


The Norm against Mercenary Use and International Law

Sarah Percy

in Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the absence of an effective international regulatory regime for mercenaries. The first section examines the argument, made most forcefully by the international lawyer Antonio ... More


The Geneva Conventions of 1949

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the systematic review of the Geneva side of the law which issued in the four Geneva Conventions of the summer of 1949. It notes that the review is discreetly orchestrated by ... More


The Past as Prologue: The Development of the World Opiate Market and the Rise of the International Control Regime

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter reviews the historical development of the world opiate market, including the international policy regime that surrounds it. It explores the period of growth of the opiate market in the ... More


Jus in Bello, Guantanamo Bay, and the War on Terror

Alia Brahimi

in Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199562961
eISBN:
9780191595059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562961.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Examining questions of jus in bello, this chapter begins by applying the principles of proportionality and discrimination to the invasion of Iraq. The analysis then focuses on the Bush ... More


The Extent to which Peacekeeping and other Multi-national Forces have a General ‘Responsibility to Protect’ under International Humanitarian Law

Siobhán Wills

in Protecting Civilians: The Obligations of Peacekeepers

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199533879
eISBN:
9780191714801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533879.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the extent to which international humanitarian law (IHL) may be applicable to peacekeeping forces, and the extent to which this encompasses positive obligations that would ... More


How the Gloves Came Off: Lawyers, Policy Makers, and Norms in the Debate on Torture

Elizabeth Grimm Arsenault

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231180788
eISBN:
9780231543255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180788.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The treatment of detainees at Abu Ghraib prison, Guantánamo Bay, and far-flung CIA "black sites" after the attacks of 9/11 included cruelty that defied legal and normative prohibitions in U.S. and ... More


Torture

Amos N. Guiora

in Constitutional Limits on Coercive Interrogation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195340310
eISBN:
9780199867226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340310.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Defining limits of coercive interrogation is put to the test when an interrogator is sitting across from someone who is not cooperating and the interrogator knows is in possession of information ... More


Hard Reading: Learning from Science Fiction

Tom Shippey

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382615
eISBN:
9781786945167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382615.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book makes an argument for the intellectual ambition and intellectual achievement of science fiction, a genre consistently undervalued by professional literary critics. It is pointed out ... More


Grave Breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions

Guénaél Mettraux

in International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207541
eISBN:
9780191709203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Each of the four Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949 contains a ‘grave breaches’ section, each differing from other categories of war crimes in at least two important respects. First, grave ... More


International Law

Peter Weiss

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the role of international law in helping to prevent war and to minimize the health consequences of war. It provides a history on the role of international law in preventing ... More


“Changed for the Better”: Queer Conventions in Wicked (2003)

Stacy Wolf

in Changed for Good: A Feminist History of the Broadway Musical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195378238
eISBN:
9780199897018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378238.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, American

This chapter demonstrates how Wicked, the blockbuster Broadway musical that opened in 2003, is an exemplar of musical theatre’s generic conventions put to feminist and queer use. This chapter ... More


Introduction: A Revealing Failure by the Critics

Tom Shippey

in Hard Reading: Learning from Science Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382615
eISBN:
9781786945167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382615.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Following on again from the previous chapter, this chapter focuses on the responses of mainstream reviewers to the two alternate histories written by Kingsley Amis, The Alteration (1976), and Russian ... More


The Just Teach One: Early African American Print Project

Nicole N. Aljoe, Eric Gardner, and Molly O’Hagan Hardy

in Teaching with Digital Humanities: Tools and Methods for Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042232
eISBN:
9780252050978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042232.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Nicole J. Aljoe, Eric Gardner, and Molly O’Hagan Hardy describe the development of Just Teach One Early African American Print and its focus on texts excluded from critical and historical narratives ... More


Embracing Diversity – The Role of the Hague Conference in the Creation of Universal Instruments

Hans van Loon

in Diversity and Integration in Private International Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474447850
eISBN:
9781474476492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474447850.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Private International Law

The Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) has been a laboratory for the development, and servicing, of legal instruments to handle the diversity of legal systems, in the interests of ... More


Harmonization of Labor Standards

Junji Nakagawa

in International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604661
eISBN:
9780191731679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyzes international harmonization of labour standards, tracing its history from early efforts in the late 19th century in Europe to developments under the ILO (International Labour ... More


War Crimes in Internal Armed Conflicts

Guénaél Mettraux

in International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207541
eISBN:
9780191709203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the question of whether a war crime can be committed in the context of an internal armed conflict. Although an affirmative answer to this question may appear to be self-evident ... More


Torture: Legitimation and Legality

Ian Hurd

in How to Do Things with International Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196503
eISBN:
9781400888078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196503.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the legal status of torture, assessing the implications of an international ban on torture that coexists with a nontrivial level of torture in practice. This is not simply a ... More


Do the Geneva Conventions Matter?

Matthew Evangelista and Nina Tannenwald (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199379774
eISBN:
9780190690977
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199379774.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The book offers a comparative analysis of state practice with regard to the Geneva Conventions. It seeks to answer three questions of critical importance to understanding their role and impact: (1) ... More


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