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Between Scylla and Charybdis: Improving the Cost Effectiveness of Public Pension Retirement Plans

M. Barton Waring

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Unless defined benefit pension plans are managed much better and more cost-effectively, they will be replaced by defined contribution plans. Benefit and contribution policies need to be carefully ... More


Conventional Realism and Political Inquiry: Channeling Wittgenstein

John G. Gunnell

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226661278
eISBN:
9780226661308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226661308.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book is an exploration of the relationship between philosophy and various forms of political inquiry and is specifically and primarily devoted to advancing an argument for conventional realism. ... More


Firearms, Bullets, and Analogous Projectiles

William H. Boothby

in Weapons and the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199569946
eISBN:
9780191705250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569946.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the lawfulness of firearms and of the bullets and other projectiles they fire. The early rule prohibiting explosive bullets and the degree of its modern relevance are ... More


Plenitude, Convention, and Ontology 1

John Hawthorne

in Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199291236
eISBN:
9780191710612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291236.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the following scenario: I bring a watch to a watchmaker, who dismantles it. Two communities look on. When I go back to the watchmaker the following week members of one ... More


The Christmas Truce: Myth, Memory, and the First World War

Terri Blom Crocker

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166155
eISBN:
9780813166650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166155.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The 1914 Christmas truce, when enemy soldiers met, fraternized, and even played football in No Man’s Land during the first year of the First World War, is commonly perceived as a manifestation of the ... More


In Search of a Theory of Minor Powers in Interstate Asymmetric Conflict

Marinko Bobić

in Why Minor Powers Risk Wars with Major Powers: A Comparative Study of the Post-Cold War Era

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781529205206
eISBN:
9781529205244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529205206.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The second chapter presents the theoretical framework of minor powers in asymmetric interstate conflicts, in line with problem-driven pragmatism. The framework examines how foreign support, window of ... More


Rethinking anti-racism

Chris Gilligan

in Northern Ireland and the Crisis of Anti-Racism: Rethinking Racism and Sectarianism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780719086526
eISBN:
9781526128621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086526.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter draws on the work of Karl Marx to critique the Race Relations approach. The author argues that conventional social science (which underpins Race Relations theory) is, in its ... More


Mrs. Warren’s Profession: The Walled Gardens

Tony Jason Stafford and R. F. Dietrich

in Shaw's Settings: Gardens and Libraries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813044989
eISBN:
9780813046747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044989.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Shaw is not concerned with the personal issue of prostitution for Kitty Warren but seeks to treat the pervasive presence of hypocrisy in all of society and to expose society’s habit of pretending one ... More


The Ottawa and Budapest Conferences

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter four covers initial rounds of the Ottawa and Budapest talks, where each side took the attitude that the other should make compromises. This may have reflected the powerful elements of the ... More


Interim Negotiations

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter five covers an interim period beginning with the Budapest round's failure. Politicians retook control and established, for the first time, the parameters of the regime they sought – a ... More


Analyzing Sources of Adaptation

Robyn Klingler-Vidra

in The Venture Capital State: The Silicon Valley Model in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501723377
eISBN:
9781501723384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501723377.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter Seven analyzes the findings of the empirical investigations of Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. The critical finding is that domestically-rooted norms are central to states’ distinct learning ... More


Chemical weapons and false hierarchies

Michelle Bentley

in Syria and the Chemical Weapons Taboo: Exploiting the Forbidden

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526104717
eISBN:
9781526120861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526104717.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Chapter 5 analyses the ways in which the taboo has had a detrimental impact on the Syrian conflict. In particular, it focuses on the how specific weapons are perceived within a conflict, where the ... More


Antinomies of War

David Betz

in Carnage and Connectivity: Landmarks in the Decline of Conventional Military Power

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190264857
eISBN:
9780190618513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264857.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines war’s enduring characteristics throughout history — hatred and animosity, chance and probability, and political purpose. It critiques the predominant Western conception of ... More


Informal Adaptation: Non-Parties and the Mine Ban Treaty

Adam Bower

in Norms Without the Great Powers: International Law and Changing Social Standards in World Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198789871
eISBN:
9780191831522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198789871.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Mine Ban Treaty (MBT) enjoys extensive membership but a number of major military powers—including China, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Russia, and the United States—have refused to join. This ... More


Alliance Politics and NATO Standardisation: Interests, Power, Rationality

Matthew Ford

in Weapon of Choice: Small Arms and the Culture of Military Innovation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190623869
eISBN:
9780190686574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190623869.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter is split into three parts. In the first I develop the main historical trajectory of the equipment standardization debates in NATO and describe how the doctrinal perspectives and ... More


The Better Instincts of Humanity: Humanitarian Arguments in Defense of International Arms Control

Natalia Jevglevskaja and Rain Liivoja

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Disagreements about the humanitarian risk-benefit balance of weapons technology are not new. The history of arms control negotiations offers many examples of weaponry that was regarded ‘inhumane’ by ... More


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