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Trusteeship as an Institution of International Society

William Bain

in Between Anarchy and Society: Trusteeship and the Obligations of Power

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199260263
eISBN:
9780191600975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260265.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Starts by pointing out that if the Berlin and Brussels Acts and the experience of the Congo Free State (as discussed in the last chapter) are understood as representing the internationalization of ... More


Building cyberspace: a brief history of Internet

Jon Bing

in Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561131
eISBN:
9780191721199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561131.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Political Economy

This chapter provides a history of the development of the Internet in terms of its infrastructure, applications, and sources of inspiration. In doing so, it portrays the chief personalities, ideas, ... More


Engineering the Andes, Nationalizing Natural Disaster

Mark Carey

in In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In 1950, the Los Cedros glacial lake outburst flood destroyed the nearly constructed Cañón del Pato hydroelectric facility. President Manuel Odría responded by creating the Control Commission of ... More


Attempting Neutrality, Achieving Notoriety: July–December 1914

Martin Ceadel

in Living the Great Illusion: Sir Norman Angell, 1872-1967

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571161
eISBN:
9780191721762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571161.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter shows how Angell sacrificed his considerable popularity by first urging British neutrality towards the European conflict and then co-founding the Union of Democratic Control. He soon ... More


Cleveland Revisited

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter assesses the outbreak of idiopathic pulmonary hemorrhage (IPH) among infants in Cleveland who lived in flooded homes. With no immediate cause for the multiple cases of this rare illness ... More


Objectives and Achievements

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

How well or badly have Conservative Governments been served by the Public Expenditure Survey (PES) system since 1979? To answer that question, it is necessary to ask what those governments required ... More


Chemicals and Hazardous Substances

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at American and European policies toward the risks of chemicals and hazardous substances. The 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) significantly strengthened American chemical ... More


“For All Those Bending Years”: IRCA, the Dog War, and the Campaign for Legal Status

Cindy Hahamovitch

in No Man's Land: Jamaican Guestworkers in America and the Global History of Deportable Labor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691102689
eISBN:
9781400840021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691102689.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter considers the developments of the 1980s for the Jamaican guestworkers. The decade brought guestworkers immigration reform legislation known as the Immigration Reform and Control Act ... More


Restoring Four-Power Rights, Reviving a Confederation in 1989

Mary Elise Sarotte

in 1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163710
eISBN:
9781400852307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163710.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the Soviet restoration model and former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl's revivalist model. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) hoped to use its weight as a victor in ... More


Transforming Democracy: Brokerage Politics and the Exclusion Era’s Denouement

Lisa Rose Mar

in Brokering Belonging: Chinese in Canada's Exclusion Era, 1885-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199733132
eISBN:
9780199866533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733132.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History, World Medieval History

During the Second World War, crises forced Chinese Canadian political brokerage to extreme limits, suspended the usual rules, and forced sudden social change. Traditional brokers failed to secure ... More


Evolution of Management Thinking and Practice about People, Information, and IT

DONALD A. MARCHAND, WILLIAM J. KETTINGER, and JOHN D. ROLLINS

in Information Orientation: The Link to Business Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199252213
eISBN:
9780191714276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252213.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the three broad schools of management thinking and practice that have, over the course of the last century, shaped the ways people, information, and IT are viewed by managers. ... More


From Fieldwork to Facts to Firearms Control: Research and Advocacy Toward Stricter Firearms Control Legislation in South Africa

Maylene Shung King, Paula Proudlock, and Lori Michelson

in Research for Action: Cross-National Perspectives on Connecting Knowledge, Policy, and Practice for Children

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195314083
eISBN:
9780199865550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314083.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Firearms were found to be a major cause of injury and death among children in the 5- to 18-year-old age group and the leading cause of death in young men in their late teens in South Africa. In the ... More


Detecting, Classifying, and Remediating: Children’s Explicit and Implicit Misconceptions about Experimental Design

Stephanie A. Siler and David Klahr

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Students come to science classes with preconceptions about the natural world and ways to explore that world to learn more about it. Students' prior beliefs may distort their understanding of how to ... More


Disneyland and the Devil's Bargain

Bryant Simon

in Boardwalk of Dreams: Atlantic City and the Fate of Urban America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167535
eISBN:
9780199789016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167535.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

In 1976, New Jersey citizens passed a casino referendum, and during the first few months of 1977 lawmakers and state officials hammered out the details of the state's Casino Control Act. Resorts ... More


North Korea and the World: Human Rights, Arms Control, and Strategies for Negotiation

Walter C., Jr. Clemens

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813167466
eISBN:
9780813167756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167466.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

With more than twenty-five million citizens, a secretive totalitarian dictatorship, and active nuclear and ballistic missile weapons programs, North Korea presents some of the world’s most difficult ... More


A Two-Tiered Theory of Control

Idan Landau

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262028851
eISBN:
9780262327251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028851.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book develops a theory of control whose central tenet is that control complements divide into two major types: One establishes control by logophoric anchoring, the other by predication. The ... More


The adoption of smoke-free policies and their effectiveness

Maria Leon-Roux and John P. Pierce

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Leading health agencies have published authoritative reports evaluating the research on the health risks of second-hand smoke (SHS). There is a consensus across these reports that SHS (also called ... More


The Whitehall Spending Departments

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter classifies the departments in Whitehall involved in expenditure policies as there are a number of organisations classified as ‘units’ for the purpose of the public expenditure and Supply ... More


Determining the Priorities of Public Spending

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

From 1976 until the introduction of the New Control Total in 1992, the priorities of total public expenditure were determined by various officials and departments. It is argued in this chapter that ... More


In-Year Control

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

Within each Treasury Expenditure Group, the flow and context of the business of an Expenditure Division is to a large extent structured and determined by the annual cycle of the preparation of the ... More


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