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Contractualism

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of Immanuel Kant's contractualism. It first considers the Rational Agreement Formula, which says everyone ought to follow the principles to whose ... More


How the Numbers Count

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of Thomas M. Scanlon's Contractualist Formula, which says we ought to follow the principles that no one could reasonably reject. Scanlon makes various ... More


Impartiality

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of impartiality, first by considering the Golden Rule, which says we ought to treat others as we would want others to treat us. The Golden Rule is ... More


How I Am Not a Kantian

T. M. Scanlon

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter talks about the book's vigorous defense of a cognitivist and value-based account of reasons and its ending with the claim of a convergence between Kantian, consequentialist, and ... More


On Humanity as an End in itself

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines a philosophical discussion of Immanuel Kant's insistence that we should treat humanity as an end in itself. It responds to Allen Wood's claim that the ‘most definitive form’ of ... More


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