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The Reserve

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The Reserve has been used by the Treasury since 1976 as a sum of unallocated money provided for the financial year of the Public Expenditure Survey for the purpose of increasing public expenditure ... More


Aesthetics of contingency: Writing, politics, and culture in England, 1639-89

Matthew C. Augustine

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526100764
eISBN:
9781526138651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100764.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Aesthetics of contingency provides an important reconsideration of seventeenth-century literature in light of new understandings of the English past. Emphasising the contingency of the political in ... More


Integrated Objective Bayesian Estimation and Hypothesis Testing

José M. Bernardo

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The complete final product of Bayesian inference is the posterior distribution of the quantity of interest. Important inference summaries include point estimation, region estimation and precise ... More


The Dynamics of Organizations

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Now that we have set the stage for organizations, we can study their dynamics, their formation and decay. A key aspect of such an attempt is to quantify the stability of organizations which can be ... More


Spiti: some notes on the practice of documentary photography

Patrick Sutherland

in Beyond text?: Critical practices and sensory anthropology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780719085055
eISBN:
9781526109958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085055.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Patrick Sutherland has been taking photographs in the Spiti desert mountain valley, located high in the Himalayas, for nearly 25 years. What was initially envisioned as a one-off photographic field ... More


Introduction: Headhunting in an Era of Digital and Economic Transformation

James E. Coverdill and William Finlay

in High Tech and High Touch: Headhunting, Technology, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501702808
eISBN:
9781501713996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702808.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter introduces the reader to contingency headhunting. The headhunters who work on a contingency basis earn their commissions only if they make placements. They and their work remain largely ... More


Science Regained [1962]

Pierre Aubenque

in Contemporary Encounters with Ancient Metaphysics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474412094
eISBN:
9781474434966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474412094.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Pierre Aubenque’s “Science Regained” (1962; translated by Clayton Shoppa) was originally published as the concluding chapter of Le Problème de l’Être chez Aristote, one of the most important and ... More


Contingency and Skepticism in Agamben’s Thought

Gert-Jan van der Heiden

in Contemporary Encounters with Ancient Metaphysics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474412094
eISBN:
9781474434966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474412094.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gert-Jan van der Heiden’s “Contingency and Skepticism in Agamben’s Thought” articulates an encounter between Sextus Empiricus and Giorgio Agamben. Contrary to the usual epistemological reading of ... More


Boutroux’s Alternative: An Ontology of the Fact

Tyler Tritten

in The Contingency of Necessity: Reason and God as Matters of Fact

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474428194
eISBN:
9781474438643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474428194.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Boutroux, approximately 150 years prior to Meillassoux, already argued for the contingency of laws of nature, as well as truths of logic and mathematics. Boutroux, however, does not espouse ... More


Meillassoux’s Politics: Speculative Justice

Nathan Coombs

in History and Event: From Marxism to Contemporary French Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748698998
eISBN:
9781474416047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748698998.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that although Quentin Meillassoux’s philosophy has been received as a scientistic realism, its fundamental commitments are shaped by political opposition to Hegelian historicism. ... More


Afterword: Towards a Complex Science of History

Nathan Coombs

in History and Event: From Marxism to Contemporary French Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748698998
eISBN:
9781474416047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748698998.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter begins by taking stock of the first two parts of the book. It argues that although classical Marxism cannot think events discontinuously, its science of history can at least be subjected ... More


Revolution and the Power of Living: Popular Sovereignty

Dimitris Vardoulakis

in Sovereignty and Its Other: Toward the Dejustification of Violence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251353
eISBN:
9780823252893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251353.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The fourth chapter shows how the earlier established definition of modern sovereignty – as the justification of the end of power through the means of violence – influences the development of the idea ... More


Consequences between Modal Propositions

John Buridan

in Treatise on Consequences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823257188
eISBN:
9780823261499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823257188.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Modalities for Buridan are mainly the alethic modes, ‘necessary’, ‘possible’, ‘impossible’ and ‘contingent’. First, Buridan makes clear that a proposition is said to be of necessity or of possiblity, ... More


Syllogisms between Modal Propositions

John Buridan

in Treatise on Consequences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823257188
eISBN:
9780823261499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823257188.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The final book is the most ambitious of all, giving an entirely novel account modal syllogisms, not tied to Aristotle’s account at all. He passes quickly over syllogisms with composite modals, ... More


The myth of binary choice: electoral timing

Timothy Noël Peacock

in The British tradition of minority government

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526123268
eISBN:
9781526138903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526123268.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

As a direct result of the state of minority government, both main parties in 1970s Britain, contrary to popular perceptions, conducted extensive planning for an election being called across a range ... More


Conclusion: Life as We Know It

Kriti Sharma

in Interdependence: Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265527
eISBN:
9780823266913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265527.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This final chapter opens by taking note of a set of important existing ontological accounts and associated position-labels that are closely related to what I am calling “contingentism.” These are ... More


Introduction: Understanding and Explaning the Arab Uprisings

Frédéric Volpi

in Revolution and Authoritarianism in North Africa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190642921
eISBN:
9780190848491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190642921.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The chapter considers two ways of conceptualizing the events of the Arab uprisings. These transformations can be explained by actor-centric narratives stressing the contingency of protest episodes ... More


Conclusion: Mobilization and Demobilization in the North African Uprisings

Frédéric Volpi

in Revolution and Authoritarianism in North Africa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190642921
eISBN:
9780190848491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190642921.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

In the four North African countries, the early process of mobilization in protest events illustrated the contingent dynamics of events-generated events. The transformation of localized episodes of ... More


The Response of the (Western) International “Humanitarian Community”

Daniel Maxwell and Nisar Majid

in Famine in Somalia: Competing Imperatives, Collective Failures, 2011–12

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190499389
eISBN:
9780190638559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190499389.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter analyzes the response of the (mostly western, Nairobi-based) international humanitarian community. For months in late 2010 and early 2011, the response was limited and underfunded. Even ... More


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