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Roots of Protection: The National Consumers’ League and Progressive Reform

Nancy Woloch

in A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s-1990s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691002590
eISBN:
9781400866366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691002590.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the context in which the Progressive campaign for protective laws arose, assessing reformers' rationales and the oppositions they faced. Passage of the 1893 Illinois law marked ... More


Kids and Branding In A Digital World

Barrie Gunter

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097874
eISBN:
9781526104359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097874.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Brands are introduced into the lives of consumers from an early age. Even before they start school, they can recognise brand names and ask for brands by name. The meaning of brands to children can ... More


Valuing Green: The Content of the Information

Graham Bullock

in Green Grades: Can Information Save the Earth?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036429
eISBN:
9780262340984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036429.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 2 introduces and explores questions about the content of information-based strategies with a motivating example focused on food choices. What values are embedded in programs that evaluate ... More


Epilogue Price Check

Charles F. McGovern

in Sold American: Consumption and Citizenship, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830338
eISBN:
9781469606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876640_mcgovern.14
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The competing visions of consumers and consumption explored in this book each found avid support in the decades beyond 1945 and still shape spending practices today. Consumers' Research, and later ... More


An Unlikely Revolutionary

RICHARD L. ABEL

in English Lawyers between Market and State: The Politics of Professionalism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260349
eISBN:
9780191682094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260349.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

Toward the end of the 1980s, the English legal profession could congratulate itself on having survived two decades of critical scrutiny virtually unchanged. A few years later, two government reports ... More


Shanghai Illustrations: Images and Readers

Roberta Wue

in Art Worlds: Artists, Images, and Audiences in Late Nineteenth-Century Shanghai

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789888208463
eISBN:
9789888313280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208463.003.0004
Subject:
Art, Art History

Focuses on the active participation of artists in Shanghai’s publishing industry, specifically their contributions to the treaty port’s illustrated books and magazines. Capitalizing on the new ... More


‘The unit of the co-operative movement … is a woman’: gender and the development of the co-operative business model in Britain

Rachael Vorberg-Rugh

in Mainstreaming Co-Operation: An Alternative for the Twenty-First Century?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719099595
eISBN:
9781526120731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099595.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter traces the growth of Rochdale model consumer co-operatives in nineteenth and early twentieth century Britain, highlighting the ways in which gender shaped, complicated, and sometimes ... More


New models of ownership and governance

Cliff Mills and Ruth Yeoman

in Mainstreaming Co-Operation: An Alternative for the Twenty-First Century?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719099595
eISBN:
9781526120731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099595.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explores new organisational forms of co-operative and mutual enterprise that have developed in twenty-first century Britain in the context of public sector reform and the state’s retreat ... More


Co-operatives in health care: global prospects for the development of co-operatives as instruments of consumer-centred health care

Vern Hughes

in Mainstreaming Co-Operation: An Alternative for the Twenty-First Century?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719099595
eISBN:
9781526120731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099595.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter argues that consumer co-operatives offer great potential for health care reform that integrates care around the needs of consumers and contains health costs. Two case studies – of the ... More


Learning to swim against the tide: crises and co-operative credibility – some international and historical examples

Anthony Webster, Linda Shaw, Rachael Vorberg-Rugh, John F. Wilson, and Ian Snaith

in Mainstreaming Co-Operation: An Alternative for the Twenty-First Century?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719099595
eISBN:
9781526120731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099595.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter is concerned with how co-operatives cope with arguably the greatest threat to staking a claim to the economic mainstream: the crises which emerge from time to time within co-operatives ... More


The Consumer Movement’s Return

Inger L. Stole

in Advertising at War: Business, Consumers, and Government in the 1940s

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037122
eISBN:
9780252094231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037122.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter focuses on the concerns of Consumers Union (CU) about the mutually beneficial relationship between advertisers and Washington, including CU cofounder Colston Warne’s attempts to gain ... More


Conclusion: An Alternative Agriculture for Our Time

Connor J. Fitzmaurice and Brian J. Gareau

in Organic Futures: Struggling for Sustainability on the Small Farm

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300199451
eISBN:
9780300224856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300199451.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Without abandoning the practical idea of farming as a business, the small-scale farmers in this book foster connections between consumer experiences and expectations and farming practices that ... More


The Science of Purchasing

Charles F. McGovern

in Sold American: Consumption and Citizenship, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830338
eISBN:
9781469606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876640_mcgovern.9
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The first comprehensive approach to consumers' problems came from Stuart Chase and Frederick J. Schlink's best-selling Your Money's Worth (1927). This chapter sketches the emergence of this ... More


Redefining Consumption At Consumers' Research

Charles F. McGovern

in Sold American: Consumption and Citizenship, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830338
eISBN:
9781469606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876640_mcgovern.10
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Consumers' Research (CR), the first consumer products-testing organization, was founded specifically and directly in opposition to advertising. This organization was engaged in a struggle to redefine ... More


Consumer Professionals in the Depression

Charles F. McGovern

in Sold American: Consumption and Citizenship, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830338
eISBN:
9781469606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876640_mcgovern.11
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The Depression brought conflicts among professional consumer experts and widespread movement to fight for a variety of consumer aims emerged. This chapter outlines how advertisers and consumerist ... More


Enforcement, Aesthetics, and Revenue

Jonathan Eacott

in Selling Empire: India in the Making of Britain and America, 1600-1830

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469622309
eISBN:
9781469623153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622309.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The regulations over India goods were contested by smugglers and consumers but generally enforced through policing and the vigorous efforts of merchants and the East India Company to encourage Indian ... More


The Rise of Consumer Engineering: American Marketing at Midcentury (1930s–1960s)

Jan L. Logemann

in Engineered to Sell: European Émigrés and the Making of Consumer Capitalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226660011
eISBN:
9780226660295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660295.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Short segue that sketches transformations in marketing which were responsible for creating the abundant world of American goods at midcentury.


Fighting for the American Way: Consumption and Americanism, 1935–1945

Charles F. McGovern

in Sold American: Consumption and Citizenship, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830338
eISBN:
9781469606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876640_mcgovern.13
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter explores the battles over the American Way of Life among business, government, and consumerists. It traces the partial resolution of different visions in the merging of Americanism and ... More


Alienation: A Foundational Concept

Daniel O. Sayers

in A Desolate Place for a Defiant People: The Archaeology of Maroons, Indigenous Americans, and Enslaved Laborers in the Great Dismal Swamp

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813060187
eISBN:
9780813050607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060187.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Chapter 2 lays out the various dimensions of Karl Marx’s conceptualization of alienation that are used in the analysis of the pre–Civil War people of the Great Dismal Swamp. It is argued that the ... More


Are We Better Off? Movement Achievements and the Threat from Big Organic

Brian K. Obach

in Organic Struggle: The Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029094
eISBN:
9780262328302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029094.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Conventional agribusiness and food companies entered the organic market following the passage of the OFPA and the implementation of the NOP, dramatically transforming the organic sector. This chapter ... More


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