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Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Tim Mulgan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book develops a new theory of the obligations to future generations, based on a new Rule Consequentialist account of the morality of individual reproduction. The result is a coherent, ... More


Rule Consequentialism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores Rule Consequentialism. It begins with a brief introduction to contemporary Rule Consequentialism, focusing on Brad Hooker’s formulation. A new formulation of Rule ... More


Value Theory

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter rejects the common assumption that we can construct a theory of value in isolation from our theory of right action on the grounds that our strongest moral convictions concern the ... More


Reproductive Freedom

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter first establishes a strong prima facie Rule Consequentialist case in favour of reproductive freedom. Arguments against reproductive freedom are then examined and found wanting. Rule ... More


Optimism and Pessimism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a basic list of intuitively plausible principles of intergenerational justice, against which Rule Consequentialism can be measured. It then establishes the Rule ... More


Disagreement and Uncertainty

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores how those who have internalized the Rule Consequentialist ideal code will respond to disagreement and uncertainty. The ensuing discussion reinforces the Rule Consequentialist ... More


International Justice

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A complete Rule Consequentialist theory must outline the obligations of one nation to another, and of individuals in one nation to individuals in another, and tell us how these should be balanced ... More


The Limits of Rule Consequentialism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on a single problem for Rule Consequentialism: whether it makes unreasonable demands under partial compliance. It recaps the arguments of The Demands of Consequentialism, and ... More


Dividing Morality

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The solution to the problems raised in Chapter 10, is to limit the scope of Rule Consequentialism to one particular subset of moral choices: those belonging to a ‘Realm of Reciprocity’. While the ... More


Kantian Value, Beneficence, and Consequentialism

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In order to properly understand the duties that Kant thinks follow from the humanity formulation, it is important to keep Kant’s conception of value firmly in mind. If one fails to take account of ... More


Is There a Supreme Emergency Exemption?

Brian Orend

in Just War Theory: A Reappraisal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620746
eISBN:
9780748672042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620746.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Michael Walzer's just war theory claims that, when one is unjustly facing the “supreme emergency” of total extinction, one may legitimately waive the discrimination principle and target the civilian ... More


Two Kinds of Reasons

Christopher Woodard

in Taking Utilitarianism Seriously

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198732624
eISBN:
9780191796845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198732624.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

One kind of reason for action is that the action would have a good outcome. According to Act Consequentialism all reasons are like this. However, these ‘act-based’ reasons may be contrasted with ... More


The Wild and the Wicked

Benjamin Hale

in The Wild and the Wicked: On Nature and Human Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035408
eISBN:
9780262336499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035408.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter seeks to firm up a distinction between actions and events, eventually motivating a more important distinction between the right and the good. The chapter contrasts the bombing of ... More


Dr. Feelgood and Mr. Fix-It Go to the Picture Show

Benjamin Hale

in The Wild and the Wicked: On Nature and Human Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035408
eISBN:
9780262336499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035408.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses different sorts of justificatory reasons – consequentialist and nonconsequentialist – with the objective of demonstrating how consequentialist reasoning has permeated the ... More


Conclusions

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This concluding chapter presents a philosophical discussion of Immanuel Kant's consequentialism and contractualism. It first considers Act Consequentialism, which says everyone ought always to do, or ... More


The Symbolic-Consequences Argument in the Sex Robot Debate

John Danaher

in Robot Sex: Social and Ethical Implications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036689
eISBN:
9780262341981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036689.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines a common objection to sex robots: the symbolic-consequences argument. According to this argument sex robots are problematic because they symbolise something disturbing about our ... More


Objectivism I: Being Attracted, Meriting Attraction, and Promoting Consequences

Thaddeus Metz

in Meaning in Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599318
eISBN:
9780191747632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599318.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 10 begins the search for the best version of objective naturalism, the view that purely physical ways of living can be meaningful, and not merely because they are the object of propositional ... More


Loyalty to Loyalty

Mathew A. Foust

in Loyalty to Loyalty: Josiah Royce and the Genuine Moral Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242696
eISBN:
9780823242733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242696.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter attends to Royce's articulation and defense of his principle of loyalty to loyalty. Although Royce is generally not explicit concerning these theoretical underpinnings, it is argued that ... More


The Impotence of the Demandingness Objection

David Sobel

in From Valuing to Value: Towards a Defense of Subjectivism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198712640
eISBN:
9780191780998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712640.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter I argue that the Demandingness Objection does not provide a self-standing reason to reject Consequentialism but must presuppose independent reasons to reject it such as the normative ... More


Respect for Human Beings with Intellectual Disabilities

Oliver Sensen

in Disability in Practice: Attitudes, Policies, and Relationships

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198812876
eISBN:
9780191850660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812876.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Respect for persons is a central element of our ordinary moral views. However, there is a growing demand to include not just normal human adults, but also animals, the environment, and other ... More


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